Influence of flask sealing and activated charcoal on the morphogenesis and leaf anatomy of Annona glabra (Annonaceae) cultured in vitro

José Raniere Ferreira de Santana, Renato Paiva, Lenaldo Muniz de Oliveira, Flávia Dionísio Pereira, Daniela Garcia Silveira, Cristina Ferreira Nepomuceno

Abstract


This study evaluated the effects of the type of tube closure and the use of activated charcoal in the morphogenesis
and leaf anatomy of Annona glabra (Annonaceae). Nodal segments of A. glabra were inoculated in WPM medium
supplemented with 30 g l-1 sucrose and five concentrations of activated charcoal (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 g l-1). During in vitro
culture, nodal segments were kept in test tubes closed in one of three ways: plastic cap sealed with PVC wrap, plastic cap
without a PVC wrap and cotton plug. The results showed that the shoots obtained in tubes closed with a plastic cap
without a PVC wrap or sealed with a cotton plug had increased growth compared to those obtained in tubes sealed with
a plastic cap and a PVC wrap. The presence of activated charcoal caused a reduction of leaf abscission and influenced the
anatomical development of the shoots in the tubes sealed with a cotton plug and sealed with a plastic cap without a PVC
wrap. The highest means for leaf tissue thickness were obtained from the shoots kept in closed tubes with a plastic lid and
a PVC wrap in the absence of activated charcoal.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/scb102

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