Insect galls in a caatinga-cerrado transition area in Northeast Brazil

Elaine Cotrim Costa, Sheila Patrícia Carvalho-Fernandes, Juliana Santos-Silva

Abstract


The caatinga-cerrado transition environments in Caetité, state of Bahia, Brazil, were investigated in order to contribute to the knowledge of the host plants and galling insects. Forty-three gall morphotypes were found, in 17 plant families. Leguminosae and Myrtaceae were the families with the greatest richness of galls, with 15 and five morphotypes, respectively. Galls occurred mainly on leaves (70%), and were predominantly globoid (58%), isolated (67.44%), unilocular (82.6%) and green (51%). Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) was the main gall inducing family. The fauna associated with the galls comprised parasitoids, inquilines, successors and predators. We recorded for the first time pseudoscorpions in galls of Myrcia tomentosa.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/scb481

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