Diversity of wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in conventional and organic guarana (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis) crops in the Brazilian Amazon

Alexandre Somavilla, Karine Schoeninger, Dark Gabriela Dolzane Castro, Marcio Luiz Oliveira, Cristiane Krug

Abstract


Diversity of wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in conventional and organic guarana (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis) crops in the Brazilian Amazon. The present study aimed to determine the diversity of wasp species associated with the guaraná crop and the difference in composition of species associated to organic and conventional crops, as well as among environments established in each management (adjacent forest, crop edge and guaraná crop). We collected 977 individuals and 59 species, in 23 genera of Vespidae, sixteen of Polistinae (52 species) and seven Eumeninae (seven species). Polybia was the most abundant and rich genus with 553 specimens and 15 species, followed by Agelaia (139, nine) and Protopolybia (103, five). In organic management crop, 686 individuals allocated in 18 genera and 47 species were collected, whereas in conventional management crop 291 individuals allocated in 18 genera and 41 species were collected. According to the three sampling points, in both management types, the edge of the crop field shows the highest abundance of wasps with a total of 519 individuals allocated in 19 genera and 45 species. Given the intense use of both environments (forest and crop) by the wasps, it is important to grow crops in regions near native forests, where the chances of social wasp colonies to be founded are increased. 


Keywords


agroecosystem; crop edge; Polybia; social wasps.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Altieri, M.A. & Nicholls, C.I. (2004). Biodiversity and pest management in agroecosystems. Haworth Press, New York. 236p.

Attwood, S.J., Maron, M., House, A.P.N. & Zammit, C. (2008). Do arthropod assemblages display globally consistent responses to intensified agricultural land use and management? Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17: 585–599.

Auad, A.M., Carvalho, C.A., Clemente, M.A. & Prezoto, F. (2010). Diversity of Social Wasps (Hymenoptera) in a Silvipastoral System. Sociobiology, 55: 627-636.

Benton, T.G., Vickery, J.A. & Wilson, J.D. (2003). Farmland biodiversity: is habitat heterogeneity the key? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 18: 182-188.

Carpenter, J.M. & Garcete-Barrett, B.R. (2002). A key to the neotropical genera of Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Boletim do Museu Nacional de História Natural do Paraguai, 14: 52-73.

Carpenter, J.M. & Marques, O.M. (2001). Contribuição ao estudo dos vespídeos do Brasil (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Vespoidae, Vespidae). Publicações digitais, Volume 2. Universidade Federal da Bahia.

Carvalho, C.F. & Souza, B. (2002). Potencial de insetos predadores no controle biológico

aplicado. In: Parra, J.R.P., Botelho, P.S.M., Corrêa-Ferreira, B.S. & Bento J.M.S. (Orgs.). Controle Biológico no Brasil (pp. 191-208). Barueri: Manole.

Crowder, M.J. & Hand, D.J. (1990). Analysis of Repeated Measures. CRC Press. 272p.

Davis, C.S. (2002). Statistical Methods for the Analysis of Repeated Measurements. Springer. 417p.

Duelli, P. & Obrist, M.K. (2003). Regional biodiversity in an agricultural landscape: the contribution of seminatural habitat islands. Basic and Applied Ecology 138: 129–138.

Durigan, G., De Siqueira, M.F. & Franco, G.A.D.C. (2007). Threats to the cerrado remnants of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Scientia Agricola, 64: 355–363.

Gaigher, R., Pryke, J.S. & Samways, M.J. (2015). High parasitoid diversity in remnant natural vegetation, but limited spillover into the agricultural matrix in South African vineyard agroecosystems. Biological Conservation, 186: 69-74.

Gotelli, N.J. & Ellison, A.M. (2004). A Primer of Ecological Statistics. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. 528p.

Hermes, M.G. & Köhler, A. (2004). The genus Agelaia Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 48: 135-138.

Humphrey, J.W., Hawes, C., Peace, A.J., Ferris-Kaan R. & Jukes, M.R. (1999). Relationships between insect diversity and habitat characteristics in plantation forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 119:11-21.

IBGE. (2013). Levantamento sistemático da produção agrícola. Available at: (accessed 01 May 2016).

Kleijn, D., Rundlöf, M., Scheper, J., Smith, H.G. & Tscharntke, T. (2011). Does conservation on farmland contribute to halting the biodiversity decline? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26: 474–481.

Klein, R.P., Somavilla, A., Kohler, H., Cademartori, C.V. & Forneck, E.D. (2015). Space-time variation in the composition, richness and abundance of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) in a forest-agriculture mosaic in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences, 37: 327-335.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Cunningham, S. & Young, A. (2013). Land Use Intensification: Effects on Agriculture, Biodiversity and Ecological Processes. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia.

Longino; J.T., Coddington, J. & Colwell, R.K. (2002). The ant fauna of a tropical rain forest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology, 83: 689–702.

Minchin, P.R. (1987). An evaluation of the relative robustness od techniques for ecological ordination. Vegetatio, 69: 89-107.

Oksanen, J., Blanchet, F.G., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., Minchin, P.R., O'hara, R.B., Simpson, G.L., Solymos, P., Stevens, M.H.H. & Wagner, H. (2013). Vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.0-10.

Phalan, B., Balmford, A., Green, R.E. & Scharlemann, J.P.W. (2011). Minimising the harm to biodiversity of producing more food globally. Food Policy, 36: S62–S71.

Pickett, K.M. & Carpenter, J.M. (2010). Simultaneous analysis and the origin of eusociality in the Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny, 68 (1): 3-33.

Pimentel, D., Stachow, U. & Takacs, D.A. (1992). Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems. Bioscience, 42: 354–362.

Prezoto, F. (1999). Vespas. Revista Biotecnologia, 2:24-26.

Prezoto, F., Ribeiro Júnior, C., Guimaraes, D.L. & Elisei, T. (2008). Vespas sociais e o controle biológico de pragas: atividade forrageadora e manejo das colônias. In: Vilela, E.F., Santos, I.A., Schoereder, J.H., Serão, J.E., Campos, L.A.O. & Lino-neto, J. (Orgs.). Insetos sociais: da biologia a aplicação (pp. 413-427). Viçosa: Universidade Federal de Viçosa.

R Development Core Team. (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, ISBN 3-900051-07-0. http://www.R-project.org/ (accessed date: 16 May, 2016).

Silva, S.S. & Silveira, O.T. (2009). Vespas sociais (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae) de floresta pluvial Amazônica de terra firme em Caxiuanã, Melgaço, Pará. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 99: 317-323.

Silveira, O. T. (2002). Surveying neotropical social wasps. An evaluation of methods in the “Ferreira Penna” Research Station (ECFPn), in Caxiuana, PA, Brazil (Hym., Vespidae, Polistinae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 42: 299–323.

Somavilla, A., Oliveira, M.L. & Silveira, O.T. (2014). Diversity and aspects of the ecology of social wasps (Vespidae, Polistinae) in Central Amazonian “terra firme” forest. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 58: 349–355.

Sühs, R.B., Somavilla, A., Köhler, A. & Putzke, A. (2009). Vespídeos (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) vetores de pólen de Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Anacardiaceae), Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Biociências, 7: 138-143.

Tanaka Junior, G.M. & Noll, F.B. (2011). Diversity of Social Wasps on Semideciduous Seasonal Forest Fragments with Different Surrounding Matrix in Brazil. Psyche, 2011: 01-08.

Tavares, A.M., Atroch, A.L., Arruda, M.R. & Ribeiro. J.R.C. (2003). Inseticidas no controle de tripes do guaranazeiro Liothrips adisi (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae). Manaus, Embrapa Amazônia Ocidental, 2pp.

Tavares, A.M. & Garcia, M.V.B. (2009). Tripes do guaranazeiro: Liothrips adisi zur Strassen, 1977 (Thysanopteraa: Phlaeothripidae, Phlaeothripinae). Manaus, Embrapa Amazônia Ocidental, 47pp.

Townsend, C.R., Begon, M. & Harper, J.L. (2006). Fundamentos em Ecologia. Porto Alegre: Artmed. 592p.

Tscharntke, T., Bommarco, R., Clough, Y., Crist, T.O., Kleijn, D., Rand, T.A., Tylianakis, J.M., Van Nouhuys, S. & Vidal, S. (2008). Conservation biological control and enemy diversity on a landscape scale. Biological Control, 45: 238–253.

Underwood, E.C., Viers, J.H., Klausmeyer, K.R., Cox, R.L. & Shaw, M.R. (2009). Threats and biodiversity in the mediterranean biome. Diversity and Distributions, 15: 188-197.

Viers, J.H., Williams, J.N., Nicholas, K.A., Barbosa, O., Kotzé, I., Spence, L., Webb, L.B., Merenlender, A. & Reynolds, M. (2013). Vinecology: pairing wine with nature. Conservation Letters 6: 287-299.

Yandell, B.S. (1997). Practical Data Analysis for Designed Experiments. Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, London/Cleveland. 440p.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v63i4.1178

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2015: 0.702