Performance of Soil Termiticides in Open Field and Under Roof Overhang

Menandro N Acda

Abstract


The study investigated the difference in performance of termiticides using concrete slab test installed in open field and under roof overhang.  Soil treated with cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos under roof overhang showed lower percentage of termite penetration compared to those in open field in each year of evaluation.  However, in both conditions termites were already able to penetrate treated plots during the first year of trial.  The high percentage of plots attacked by termites could be attributed to several environmental factors such as presence of a wider diversity of termite species, moisture, temperature, soil properties, microbial communities, etc. common in tropical climates.  The results from these two modes of installation could affect protocol used for field trial and the granting of registration or performance warranty to candidate termiticides in tropical countries.


Keywords


Termiticide, concrete slab test, roof overhang

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acda, M, N. (2004a). Economically important termites (Isoptera) of the Philippines and their control. Sociobiology 43:159-169.

Acda, M. N. (2004b). Foraging population and territories of the tropical subterranean termite Macrotermes gilvus (Isoptera: Macrotermitinae). Sociobiology 43:169-177.

Acda, M. N. (2007). Foraging populations and territories of two species of subterranean termite (Isoptera: Termitidae) in the Philippines. Asia Life Sciences 16:71-80.

Baskaran, S., Kookana, R.S. & Naidu, R. (1999). Degradation of bifenthrin, chlopyrifos, and imidacloprid in soil and bedding materials at termiticidal application rates. Pesticide Science 55: 1222-1228.

Beal, R.H. (1986). Field testing of soil insecticides as termiticides. International Research Group on Wood Preservation Document IRG/WP/1294.

Gold, R.E., Howell, H.N., Pawson, B.M., Wright, M.S. & Lutz, J.C. (1996). Persistence and bioavailability of termiticides to subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) from five soil types in Texas. Sociobiology, 28: 337-363.

Kard, B.M., Mauldin, J.K. & Jones, S.C. (1989). Evaluation of soil termiticides for control of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology 15:285-297.

Krygsman, A. International regulation of termiticides: an industry perspective. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Urban Pests. Lee CY & Robinson WH (editors). July 10-13, 2005, Singapore.

Mulrooney, J.E., Wagner, T.L., Shelton, T.G., Peterson, C.J. & Gerard, P.D. (2007). Historical review of termite activity at Forest Service termiticide test sites from 1971 to 2004. Journal of Economic Entomology 100: 488-494. doi 10.1603/0022-0493

Rojo, M.J.A. & Acda, M.N. (2016). Interspecific agonistic behavior of Macrotermes gilvus (Isoptera: Termitidae): implication on termite baiting in the Philippines. Journal of Insect Behavior 29:273-282. doi 10.1007/s10905-016-9564-2

Saran, R.K. & Kamble, S.T. (2008). Concentration-dependent degradation of three termiticides in soil under laboratory conditions and their bioavailability to eastern subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 101: 1373-1383. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/101.4.1373

Shelton, T., Fye, D., Mankowski, M. & Tang, J. Termiticide Report. Pest Management Professional, April 11, 2016. pp 52-70.

Spomer, N.A, Kamble, S.T. & Siegfried, B.D. (2009). Bioavailability of chlorantraniliprole and indoxacarb to eastern subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in various soils. Journal of Economic Entomology 102: 1922-1927. doi: 10.1603/029.102.0524

Statgraphics Centurion XVI: User’s Manual. (2010). Manugistics Inc., Rockville, MD. USA.

Wagner, T.L.( 2003). U.S. Forest Service termiticide tests. Sociobiology 41: 131-141.

Wiltz, B.A. (2010). Laboratory evaluation of effects of soil properties on termiticide performance against Formosan subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology 56: 755-773.

Tho, Y.P. (1992). Termites of peninsular Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v64i2.1223

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2016: 0.699