Bee Life in the City: an Analysis of the Pollen Provisions of Centris (Centris) flavifrons (Centridini) in an Urban Area

Marcos Costa Dorea, Francisco de Assis Ribeiro dos Santos, Cândida Maria Lima Aguiar, Celso Feitosa Martins

Abstract


Due to deforestation and fragmentation of ecosystems, the management of bee populations targeting pollination services is increasingly urgent. Because urban environments are stressful, the dietary knowledge in such areas can help to cope with this issue in the near future. Using palynological analysis the floral resources used by Centris flavifrons, an important pollinator of crops and native plants was studied in an urban area. Byrsonima sericea type, Solanum paniculatum type, Cestrum type, and Myrcia type 1 together accounted for more than 93% of pollen grains foraged by females. It is noteworthy that this bee population depends on few plant species both for pollen and for oil. Furthermore, females showed flexibility to replace the primary pollen source in different breeding seasons, as well as one female could provision different cells in the same nest with different predominant pollen types. It is highlighted the importance of wastelands for keeping bee populations in urban areas.

Keywords


oil-collecting bees, trophic niche, diet, pollinators, oil-flowers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguiar, C.M.L.& Gaglianone, M.C. (2003). Nesting biology of Centris (Centris) aenea Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20: 601-606. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752003000400006

Alberti, M. (2005). The effects of urban patterns on ecosystem function. International Regional Science Review, 28: 168–192.

Amazonas, N.T. & Barbosa, M.R.V. (2011). Levantamento florístico das angiospermas em um remanescente de floresta atlântica estacional na microbacia hidrográfica do rio Timbó, João Pessoa, Paraíba. Revista Nordestina de Biologia, 20: 67-78

Andrieu, E., Dornier, A., Rouifed, S., Schatz, B. & Cheptou, P.O. (2009). The town Crepis and the country Crepis: How does fragmentation affect a plant–pollinator interaction? Acta Oecologica (Montrouge) 35: 1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.actao.2008.07.002

Banaszak-Cibicka W. & Zmihorski, M. (2011). Wild bees along an urban gradient: winners and losers. Journal of Insect Conservation,16: 331-343. doi: 10.1007/s10841-011-9419-2

Barbosa, M.R.V. (2008). Floristic composition of a remnant of Atlantic Coastal Forest in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 100: 439-457.

Bezerra, E.S., Lopes, A.V. & Machado, I.C. (2009). Biologia reprodutiva de Byrsonima gardnerana A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae) e interações com abelhas Centris (Centridini) no Nordeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Botânica, 32: 95-108. doi: 10.1590/S0100-84042009000100010.

Cane, J.H., Minckley, R.L., Kervin, L.J., Roulston, T.H. & Williams, N.M. (2006). Complex responses within a desert bee guild (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) to urban habitat fragmentation. Ecological Applications, 16: 632-644. doi: 10.1890/1051-0761(2006)016[0632:CRWADB]2.0.CO;2

Carreira, L.M.M., Silva, M.F., Lopes, J.R.C. & Nascimento, L.A.S. (1996).

Catálogo de pólen das leguminosas da amazônia brasileira. Belém: Goeldi Editoração.

Carreira L.M.M. & Barth, O.M. (2003). Atlas de pólen: da vegetação do canga da Serra dos Carajás. Belém: Goeldi Editoração.

Cruz, A.P.A., Dórea, M.C. & Lima, L.C.L. (2015). Pollen types used by Centris (Hemisiella) tarsata Smith (1874) (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in the provisioning of brood cells in an area of Caatinga. Acta Botânica Brasílica, 29: 282-284. doi: 10.1590/0102-33062015abb0005

Cruz, R.M. & Martins, C.F. (2015). Pollinators of Richardia grandiflora (Rubiaceae): an important ruderal species for bees. Neotropical Entomology, 44: 21-29. doi: 10.1007/s13744-014-0252-7

Dórea, M.C., Santos, F.A.R., Lima, L.C.L. & Figueroa, L.H.R. (2009). Análise polínica do resíduo pós-emergência de ninhos de Centris tarsata Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Centridini). Neotropical Entomology, 38: 197-202. doi: 10.1590/S1519-566X2009000200005

Dórea, M.C., Aguiar, C.M.L., Figueroa, L.H.F., Lima, L.C.L. & Santos, F.A.R. (2010a). Residual pollen in nest of Centris analis (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) na área of caatinga vegetation from Brazil. Oecologia Australis, 14: 232-237. doi: 10.4257/oeco.2010.1401.13

Dórea, M.C., Aguiar, C.M.L., Figueroa, L.H.F., Lima, L.C.L., Santos, F.A.R. (2010b). Pollen residues in nests of Centris tarsata Smith (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) in a tropical semiarid area in NE Brazil. Apidologie, 41: 557-567. doi: 10.1051/apido/2010005

Dórea, M.C., Aguiar, C.M.L., Figueroa, L.H.F., Lima, L.C.L, Santos, F.A.R. (2013). A study of pollen residues in nest of Centris trigonoides Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) in Caatinga vegetation, Brazil. Grana, 52: 122-128. doi: 10.1080/00173134.2012.745595

Erdtman, G. (1960). The acetolysis method. A revised description. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift, 39: 561-564

Gaglianone, M.C. (2003). Abelhas da tribo Centridini na Estação Ecológica de Jataí (Luiz Antônio, SP): composição de espécies e interações com flores de Malpighiaceae. In G.A.R Melo & I. Alves-dos-

Santos (Eds.), Apoidea Neotropica: Homenagem aos 90 anos de Jesus

Santiago Moure (pp. 279-284). Criciúma: Edit. UNESC

Gaglianone, M.C., Rocha, H.H.S., Benevides, C.R., Junqueira, C.N.& Augusto, S.C. (2010). Importância de Centridini (Apidae) na polinização de plantas de interesse agrícola: o maracujá-doce (Passiflora alata Curtis) como estudo de caso na região sudeste do Brasil. Oecologia Australis, 14: 152–164. doi: 10.4257/oeco.2010.1401.08

Gadelha-Neto, P.C. & Barbosa, M.R.V. (2012). Angiospermas trepadeiras, epífitas e parasitas da Mata do Buraquinho, João Pessoa, Paraíba. Revista Nordestina de Biologia, 21: 81-92

Gonzalez, V.H., Ospina, M., Palacios, E. & Trujillo, E. (2007). Nesting habitats and rates of cell parasitism in some bee species of the genera Ancyloscelis, Centris and Euglossa (Hymenoptera, Apidae) from Colombia. Boletin del Museo de Entomologia de la Universidad del Valle, 8: 23–29

Jesus, B.M.V. & Garófalo, C.A. (2000). Nesting behaviour of Centris (Heterocentris) analis (Fabricius) in southeastern Brazil (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini). Apidologie, 31:503-515. doi:10.1051/apido:2000142

Lima, P.J. & Heckendorff, W.D. (1985). Climatologia. In Atlas Geográfico do Estado da Paraíba (pp. 34-43). João Pessoa: Universidade Federal de Paraíba

Martins, C.F., Peixoto, M.P. & Aguiar, C.M.L. (2014). Plastic nesting behavior of Centris (Centris) flavifrons (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Centridini) in an urban area. Apidologie, 45: 156–171. doi: 10.1007/s13592-013-0235-4

Melhem, T.S., Cruz-Barros, M.A.V., Corrêa, M.A.S., Makino-Watanabe, H.S.M., Silvestre-Capelato, M.S.F. & Esteves, V.L.G. (2003). Variabilidade polínica em plantas de Campos do Jordão (São Paulo, Brasil). São Paulo: Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo.

Miller, J.R. (2005). Biodiversity conservation and the extinction of experience. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 20: 430-434. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2005.05.013

Müller, A., Diener, S., Schnyder, S., Stutz, K., Sedivy, C. & Dorn, S. (2006) Quantitative pollen requirements of solitary bees: implications for bee conservation and the evolution of bee–flower relationships. Biological Conservation, 130: 604–615. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2006.01.023

Quiroz-Garcia, D.L., Martinez-Hernandez, E., Palacios-Chavez, R. & Galindo-Miranda, N.E. (2001). Nest provisions and pollen foraging in three species of solitary bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from Jalisco, México. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 74: 61–69

Quiroz-Garcia, D.L. & de la Arreguin-Sánchez, M.L. (2006). Resource utilization by Centris flavofasciata Friese (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Jalisco, México. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 79: 249–253. doi: 10.2317/0502.15.1

Rêgo, M.C.M., Albuquerque, P.M.C., Ramos, M.C. & Carreira, L.M. (2006). Aspectos da biologia de nidificação de Centris flavifrons (Friese) (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Centridini), um dos principais polinizadores do murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Kunth, Malpighiaceae), no Maranhão. Neotropical Entomology, 35: 579–587. doi: 10.1590/S1519-566X2006000500003

Rosa, J.F. & Ramalho, M. (2011). The spatial dynamics of diversity in Centridini bees: the abundance of oil-producing flowers as a measure of habitat quality. Apidologie, 42: 669-678, doi:10.1007/s13592-011-0075-z

Roubik, D.W. & Moreno J.E.P. (1991). Pollen and spores of Barro Colorado Island. St. Louis: MBG Press

Santos, R.M., Aguiar, C.M.L., Dórea, M.C, Almeida, G.F., Santos, F.A.R. &

Augusto, S.C. (2013). The larval provisions of the crop pollinator Centris analis: pollen spectrum and trophic niche breadth in an agroecosystem. Apidologie, 44: 630-641. doi: 10.1007/s13592-013-0211-z

Sazan, M., Bezerra, A.D.M. & Freitas, B.M. (2014) Oil collecting bees and Byrsonima cydoniifolia A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae) interactions: the prevalence of long-distance cross pollination driving reproductive success. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 86: 347-357. doi:10.1590/0001-3765201420130049

Silva, C.I., Ballesteros, P.L.O., Palmero, M.A., Bauermann, S.G., Evaldt, A.C.P. & Oliveira, P.E. (2010). Catálogo polínico: palinologia aplicada em estudos de conservação de abelhas do gênero Xylocopa no Triângulo Mineiro. Uberlândia: EDUFU.

Teixeira, L.A.G. & Machado, I.C. (2000). Sistema de polinização e reprodução de Byrsonima sericea DC (Malpighiaceae). Acta Botânica Brasilica, 14: 347–357. doi:10.1590/S0102-33062000000300011.

Vergeron P. (1964). Interprétation statistique des résultats en matiére d’analyse pollinique des miels. Annales de l'Abeille, 7: 349-364. doi: 10.1051/apido:19640407

Vilhena, A.M.G.F., Rabelo, L.S., Bastos, E.M.A.F. & Augusto, S.C. (2012). Acerola pollinators in the savanna of Central Brazil: temporal variations in oil-collecting bee richness and a mutualistic network. Apidologie, 43: 51-62. doi: 10.1007/s13592-011-0081-1

Villanueva-Gutiérrez, R. & Roubik, D.W. (2004). Pollen sources of long-tongued solitary bees (Megachilidae) in the biosphere reserve of Quitana Rôo, México. In B.M. Freitas & J.O.P. Pereira (Eds.), Solitary bees: conservation, rearing a management for pollination (pp. 185-190). Fortaleza: Imprensa Universitária, Universidade Federal do Ceará.

Vinson, S.B. & Frankie, G.W. (1988). A comparative study of the ground nests of Centris flavifrons and Centris aethiocesta (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). Entomologia Experimentales et Applicata, 49: 181–187. doi: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.1988.tb02489.x

Zanette, L. R. S., Martins, R. P. & Ribeiro, S. P. (2005). Effects of urbanization on Neotropical wasp and bee assemblages in a Brazilian metropolis. Landscape and Urban Planning, 71: 105-121. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2004.02.003

Zurbuchen, A., Landert, L., Klaiber, J., Müller, A., Hein, S. & Dorn, S. (2010). Maximum foraging ranges in solitary bees: only few individuals have the capability to cover long foraging distances. Biological Conservation, 143: 669-676. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.12.003




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v64i2.1277

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2016: 0.699