Influence of Flood Pulse on Termite Diversity (INSECTA: ISOPTERA) in the Pantanal

Tarik Godoy D. Plaza, Carla Galbiati

Abstract


This research aimed to associate termite diversity to flood pulse by Paraguay River, and with savannas and pasture areas. The study was conducted nearby the town of Cáceres, in Pantanal - Mato Grosso, on six livestock farms subject to Paraguay River flood pulse. Types of land use sampled were native savanna and cultivated pasture. Flooded and dry plots were selected, both the savanna and the pasture in each sampling area. Termite richness and abundance was analysed based on the  environments as an explanatory variable (FP – flooded pasture, DP – dry pasture, FS – flooded savanna, DS – dry savanna) through GLM; Tukey’s test was subsequently performed to determine whether land use and/or flood pulse can significantly affect the termite community. There were 37 termite species and 19 genera. Richness and abundance of termite species cannot be explain by flooding pulse, but were explained only by land use (pasture and savanna). The similarity analysis also identified that species composition was quite affected by flood in grazing areas, but this disturbance does not affect the savanna areas. In conclusion, flood pulse is not a determining factor for savannas or pasture termite richness, but change the composition of the termite fauna in the environment.


Keywords


Adaptation; Pantanal; River Bank

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abensperg-Traun, M. & Milewski, A.V. (1995). Abundance and diversity of termites (Isoptera) in unburnt versus burnt vegetation at the Barrens in Mediterranean Western Australia. Australian Journal of Ecolology, 20: 413-417. doi: 10.1111/ j.1442-9993.1995.tb00550.x

Ab’Saber, A.N. (1988). O Pantanal Mato-Grossense e a teoria dos refúgios. Revista Brasileira de Geografia, 210 p.

Adis, J. (1997). Terrestrial invertebrates: survival strategies, group spectrum, dominance and activity patterns. In: The Central Amazon Floodplain, Junk, W.J. (ed.). (pp. 299-318) Springer-Verlag, Berlim.

Alho, C.J.R. & Gonçalves, H.C. (2005). Biodiversity of the Pantanal: response to seasonal flooding regime and environmental degradation. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 68: 957-966. doi: 10.1590/S1519-69842008000500018.

Barros, E., Pashanasi B., Constantino R. & Lavelle, P. (2002). Effects of land-use system on the soil macrofauna in western Brazilian Amazonia. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35: 338-347. doi: 10.1007/s00374-002-0466-4.

Constantino, R. (2002). The pest termites of South America: taxonomy, distribution and status. Journal of Applied Entomology, 126: 355-365. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0418.2002.00622.x.

Costa, N.L., Magalhães, J. A., Pereira, R.G.A., Townsend, C.R. & Oliveira, J.R.C. (2007). Considerações sobre o manejo de pastagens na Amazônia Ocidental. Revista do Conselho Federal de Medicina Veterinária, 40: 37-56.

Cunha, H.F., Carrijo, T.F., Abot, A.R. & Barbosa, C. da S. (2015). Termite diversity in the Abobral region of the Pantanal wetland complex, Brazil. Check List, 11: 1-5. doi: 10.15560/11.1.1545.

Davies, R.G.. (2003). Evolution of termite functional diversity: analysis and synthesis of local ecological and regional influences on local species richness. Journal of Biogeography, 30: 847-877. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00825.x.

De Souza, O. & W.L. Brown. (1994). Effects of habitat fragmentation on Amazonian termite communities. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 10: 197-206. doi: 10.1017/S0266467400007847.

Eiten, G. (1994). Vegetação do Cerrado. In: Cerrado: carac-terização, ocupação e perspectivas (M.N. Pinto coord). Brasília: UnB, SEMATEC, p. 1-65.

Gontijo, T.A. & Domingos, D.J. (1991). Guild distribution of some termites from cerrado vegetation in southeast Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 7: 523–529. doi: 10.1017/S0266467400005897.

Fontes, L. R. & Araujo, R. L. Os cupins. In. MARICONI, F.A.M. (Org.). Insetos e outros Invasores de residência. Piracicaba: FEALQ, (1999), p. 35-90

Forschler, B.T. & Henderson, G. 1995. Subterranean Termite behavioral reaction to water and survival of Inundation: Implications for field population. Population Ecology, 95: 1592-1597. doi: 10.1007/s10144-013-0391-4.

Gathorne-Hardy, F.J. & Inward, D.J.G. (2006). Recovery if termite (Isoptera) assemblange structure from shifting cultivation in Barito Ulu, Kalimantan, Indonesia. Jornal of Tropical Ecology, 22: 605-608. doi: 10.1017/S0266467405003019.

Gibb, H. & Hochuli, D.F.. (2002). Habitat fragmentation in an urban environment: Large and small fragments support different arthropod assemblages. Biological Conservation, 106: 91-100.

Gotelli, N.J. & Entsminger, G.L. (2005). EcoSim: Null Models Software for Ecology. Version 7.72. Available at http://together.net/~gentsmin/ecosim.htm.

IBGE. (2005). Manual Técnico de Uso da Terra. Rio de Janeiro: IBGE, Departamento de Recursos Naturais e Estudos Ambientais, pp.58 (manuais técnicos em Geociências, n. 7).

Jones, D.T., Susilo, F.X., Bignell, D.E., Hardiwinoto, S., Gillison, A.N. & Eggleton, P . (2003). Termite assemblage collapse along a land-use intensification gradient in lowland central Sumatra, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40: 380-391. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2664.2003.00803.x.

Junk, W.J., Bayley, P.B. & Sparks, R.E. (1989). The flood pulse concept in river-floodplain systems. In Proceedings of the International Large River Symposium (LARS), ed. by D. P. Dodge, (pp. 110–127). Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Ottawa, Canada.

Jones, D. T. & Eggleton, P. (2000). Sampling termite assemblages in tropical forests: testing a rapid biodiversity assessment protocol. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37: 191-203. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2664.2000.00490.x.

Lopez-Hernandez, D. (2001). Nutrient dynamics (C,N and P) in termite mounds of Nasutitermes ephratae from savannas of the Orinoco Llanos (Venezuela). Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33: 747-753. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.10.013.

Marques, M. I., Adis, J., Santos, G. B. & Battirola, L. D.. (2006). Terrestrial arthropods from tree canopies in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 50: 257-267. doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262009000100001.

Martius, C. (1994). Termite nests as structural elements of the Amazon floodplain forest. Andrias, 13: 137-150.

Mathews, A.G.A.. (1977). Studies on termites from the Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Rio de Janeiro, 267 p.

Mill, A.E. (1982). População de térmitas (Insecta: Isoptera) em quatro habitats no baixo rio Negro. Acta Amazonica, 12: 53-60. doi: 10.1590/1809-4392201300653.

Odum, E.P. (1971). Fundamentals of Ecology. Philadelphia: Saunders, 573p.

Osbrink, W.L.A., Cornelius, M.L. & Lax, A.R. (2008). Effects of Flooding on Field Populations of Formosan Subterranean Termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in New Orleans, Louisiana. Journal of Economic Entomology, 101: 1367-1372. doi: 10.1603/0022-0493(2008)101[944:AANFAW]2.0.CO.

PCBAP. (1997). Plano de Conservação da Bacia do Alto Paraguai - PCBAP: diagnóstico dos meios físico e biótico. Ministério do Meio Ambiente, dos Recursos Hídricos e da Amazônia Legal. Brasília: MA/SEMA/PNMA, 2: 1-179

Plaza, T.G.D., Carrijo, T. & Cancello, E.M. (2014). Nest plasticity of Cornitermes silvestrii (Isoptera, Termitidae, Syntermitinae) in response to flood pulse in the Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 58: 66-70. doi: 10.5007/2175-7925.2010v23n2p211.

Polatto, L.P. & V.V. Alves-Junior. (2009). Distribuição e densidade de Nasutitermes sp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) em Mata Ribeirinha do Rio Miranda, Pantanal Sul-Matogrossense, Brasil. EntomoBrasilis, 2: 27-30 http://www.periodico.ebras.bio.br/ojs/index.php/ ebras/article/view/38.

R Core Team (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL http://www.R-project.org/.

Reis, Y.T. & Cancello, E.M. (2007). Riqueza de cupins (Insecta, Isoptera) em áreas de Mata Atlântica primária e secundária do sudeste da Bahia. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 97: 229-234.

Rizzini, C.T., Coimbra Filho. A.F. & Houaiss. A. (1988). Ecossistemas Brasileiros. São Paulo. Index, 200 p.

Ruckamp, D., Amelung, W., Borma, L.S., Naval, L.P. & Martius, C. (2009). Carbon and nutrient leaching from termite mounds inhabited by primary and secondary termites. Applied Soil Ecology, 43: 159-162. doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2012.01.008.

Vasconcellos, A., Bandeira, A. G., Almeida, W. O. & Moura, F. M. S. (2008). Térmitas construtores de ninhos conspícuos em duas áreas de Mata Atlântica com diferentes níveis de perturbação antrópica. Neotropical Entomology, 37: 15- 19. doi: 10.1590/S1519-566X2008000200005.

Vitousek, P.M., Mooney, H.A., Lubchenco, J. & Melillo, J.M. (1997). Human Domination of Earth’s Ecosystems. Science 277(5325): 494-499. doi: 10.1126/science.277.5325.457.

Zanine, A.M., Santos, E.M., Ferreira,D.J. (2005). Possíveis causas da degradação de pastagens. Revista Eletrônica de Veterinária REDVET, 7: 123-143. doi: 10.1590/S0101-31222009000400001.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v64i3.1371

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2016: 0.699