Volatile Component Analysis of Michelia alba Leaves and Their Effect on Fumigation Activity and Worker Behavior of Solenopsis invicta
Keywords:Solenopsis invicta, Michelia alba, Volatiles, Toxicity
Volatile compounds from mashed (fresh, fallen, and dried) leaves of
Michelia alba were collected via solid-phase microextraction and were
then identified via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results
showed that linalool was the dominant component in different leaves,
together with caryophyllene, β-elemene, and selinene, the contents of
which vary across the samples. The fumigation bioassay results showed
that the volatiles from M. alba leaves exhibited insecticidal activity against
red imported fire ant workers, and the mortality of workers could reach
up to 100% after the fallen leaves were treated for 16 h. Mashed fresh
leaves could effectively reduce the aggregation and drinking ability of
workers. The volatile substances released from the mashed leaves might
kill the ants, or affect their behavior and weaken the activity by interfering
transmit information between ants. A comprehensive consideration of
the economic and ecological value of M. alba shows that fallen leaves
might be a good resource to control red imported fire ant.
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