Overview of the Morphology of Neotropical Termite Workers: History and Practice

Mauricio M Rocha, Carolina Cuezzo, Joice Paulo Constantini, Danilo Elias Oliveira, Rafaella Gregório Santos, Tiago Fernandes Carrijo, Eliana Marques Cancello

Abstract


This contribution deals with the worker caste of the Neotropical termite fauna. It is a compilation of present knowledge about the morphology of pseudergates and workers, including the literature discussing the origin and evolution of this caste, the terminology used in the different taxonomic groups, and the techniques used to study these individuals, especially examination of the gut, mandibles, legs, and nota. In order to assist in identifying workers, it includes a key for the families that occur in the Neotropical Region and a characterization of workers of all families, especially the subfamilies of Termitidae, with descriptions and illustrations of diagnostic morphological features of genera. We point out advances and gaps in knowledge, as well as directions for future research.

Keywords


Key; worker; pseudergate; identification; Neotropics

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v66i1.2067

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