Niche overlap and daily activity pattern of social wasps (Vespidae: Polistinae) in kale crops

Gabriel Castro Jacques, Tiago Georg Pikart, Vinicius Silva Santos, Lucas Oliveira Vicente, Luís Cláudio Paterno Silveira

Abstract


Kale (Brassica oleraceae var. acephala) is of great importance in human nutrition and local agricultural economies, but its growth is impaired by the attack of several insect pests. Social wasps prey on these pests, but few studies report the importance of this predation or the potential use of wasps as biological control for agricultural pests. This study aimed to survey the species of social wasps that forage in kale (B. oleraceae var. acephala), recording the influence of temperature and time of day on the foraging behavior of these wasps. The research was conducted at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Minas Gerais - Bambuí Campus, from July to December 2015, when twelve collections of social wasps that foraged on a common area of kale cultivation were made, noting the temperature and time of collection for each wasp. Polybia ignobilis, Protonectarina sylveirae and Protopolybia sedula were the most common wasp species foraging in fields of kale. Interspecific interactions between wasp species did not affect their coexistence within kale fields, with peak foraging occurring between 1000 and 1100 hours. Social wasps are important predators of herbivorous insects in the agricultural environment and the coexistence of a great diversity of these predators can help control pest insects that occur in the crop. Moreover, knowing factors that influence foraging behaviors of common wasp species that occur in this crop is important for effective use of these insects in the biological control of pests.

Keywords


Biological control; foraging; Polistinae

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akre, D. (1982). Social wasps. In H.R. Hermann (Ed.). Social insects (pp. 1-105).New York: Academic Press.

Andrei, E. (2013). Compêndio de defensivos agrícolas. São Paulo: Andrei, 1380p.

Barbosa, B.C., Paschoalini, M.F. & Prezoto, F. (2014). Temporal activity patterns and foraging behavior by social wasps (Hymenoptera, Polistinae) on fruits of Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae). Sociobiology, 61(2): 239-242. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v61i2.239-242

Barbosa, B.C., Detoni, M., Maciel, T.T. & Prezoto, F. (2017). Resource Storage in the Neotropical Social Wasp Mischocyttarus socialis (Saussure, 1854) (Vespidae: Polistini). Sociobiology, 64(3): 356-358. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology. v64i3.1686

Barros, H.C.H & Zucoloto, F.S. (1999). Performance and host preference of Ascia monuste (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Journal of Insect Physiology, 45: 7-14.

Bichara-Filho, C.C., Santos, G.M.M., Resende, J.J., Cruz, J.D., Gobbi, N. & Machado, V.L.L. (2009). Foraging behavior of the swarm-founding wasp, Polybia (Trichothorax) sericea (Hymenoptera, Vespidae): prey capture and load capacity. Sociobiology, 53(1): 61-69.

Bueno, V.H.P. & Souza, B.M. (1993). Ocorrência e diversidade de insetos predadores e parasitóides na cultura de couve Brassica oleracea var. acephala em Lavras, MG, Brasil. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 22: 5-18.

Carpenter, J.M. & Marques, O.M. (2001). Contribuição ao estudo dos vespídeos do Brasil (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Vespoidae, Vespidae). Cruz das Almas, Universidade Federal da Bahia: Publicações Digitais, 2: 147p.

Carpenter, J.M. (2004). Synonymy of the genus Marimbonda Richards 1978, with Leipomeles Mobius, 1856 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Polistinae), and a new key to the genera of paper wasps of the New World. American Museum Novitates, 3465: 1-16.

Chen, C., Chang, S., Cheng, L. & Hou, R.F. (1996). Deterrent effect of the chinaberry extract on oviposition of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lep. Yponomeutidae). Journal Applied Entomology, 120: 165-169.

Clemente, M.A., Campos, N.R., Viera, K.M., Del-Claro, K. & Prezoto, F. (2017). Social wasp guild (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) visiting flowers in two of the phytophysiognomic formations: Riparian Forest and campos rupestres. Sociobiology, 64(2): 217-224. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v64i2.1364

Cornelius, M.L. (1993). Influence of caterpillar- feeding damage on the foraging behavior of the paper wasp Mischocyttarusflavitarsis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Journal of Insect Behavior,6: 71–81.

De Castro, M.M., Guimarães, D.L. & Prezoto, F. (2011). Influence of environmental factors on the foraging activity of Mischocyttarus cassununga (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Sociobiology, 58: 133-141.

De Souza, A.R., Venâncio, D.F.A. & Prezoto, F. (2010). Social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) damaging fruits of Myrciaria sp. (Myrtaceae). Sociobiology, 55: 297-299.

De Souza, A.R., Venâncio, D.F.A., Zanuncio, J.C. & Prezoto, F. (2011). Sampling methods for assessing social wasp species diversity in a eucalyptus plantation. Journal of Economic Entomology, 104: 1120-1123.

Detoni, M., Mattos, M.C., Castro, M.M., Barbosa, B.C. & Prezoto, F. (2015). Activity schedule and foraging in Protopolybia sedula (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Revista Colombiana de Entomologia, 41(2): 245-248.

Filgueira, F.A.R. (2008). Novo manual de Olericultura: Agrotecnologia moderna na produção e comercialização de hortaliças. Viçosa, MG: Editora UFV, 422p.

Freitas, J.L., Pires, E.P., Oliveira, T.T.C., Santos, N.L. & Souza, M.M. (2015). Vespas sociais (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) em lavouras de Coffea arabica L. (Rubiaceae) no Sul de Minas Gerais. Revista Agrogeoambiental, 7(3): 69-79.

Gallo, D., Nakano, O., Silveira Neto, S., Carvalho, R.P.L., Batista, G.C., Berti Filho, E., Parra, J.R.P., Zucchi, R.A., Alves, S.B., Vendramim, J.D., Marchini, L.C., Lopes, J.R.S. & Omoto, C. (2002). Entomologia agrícola. Piracicaba: FEALQ, 920 p.

Gomes, L., Gomes, G., Oliveira, H.G., Junior, J.J.M., Desuó, I.C., Silva, I.M., Shima, S.N. & Zuben, C.J.V. (2007). Foraging by Polybia (Trichothorax) ignobilis (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) on flies at animal carcasses. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 51: 389-393.

Hammer, O., Harper, D.A.T. & Ryan, P.D. (2005). Past: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologica Electronica 4: 1–9.

Hermes M.G., Somavilla, A. & Andena, S.R. (2017). Vespidae in Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil. PNUD. http:// fauna.jbrj.gov.br/fauna/faunadobrasil/4019. (accessed date em: 23 November, 2017).

Hrncir, M., Mateus, S. & Nascimento, F.S. (2007). Exploitation of carbohydrate food sources in Polybia occidentalis: social cues influence foraging decisions in swarm-founding wasps. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61: 975-983. doi: 10.1007/s00265-006-0326-6

Jacques, G.C., Souza, M.M., Coelho, H.J., Vicente, L.O. & Silveira, L.C.P. (2015). Diversity of Social Wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) in an Agricultural Environment in Bambuí, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Sociobiology, 62(3): 439-445. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v62i3.738

Jeanne, R.L., Hunt, J.H. & Keeping, M.G. (1995). Foraging in social wasps: Agelaia lacks recruitment to food (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 68: 279-289.

Lima, M.A.P. & Prezoto, F. (2003). Foraging activity rhythm in the Neotropical swarm-founding wasp Polybia platycephala sylvestris (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in different seasons of the year. Sociobiology, 42: 745-752.

Maranhão, E.A.A., Lima, M.P.L., Maranhão, E.H.A. & Lyra Filho, H.P. (1998). Flutuação populacional da traça das crucíferas, em couve, na zona da Mata de Pernambuco. Horticultura Brasileira, 16(1).

Michelutti, K.B., Soares, E.R.P., Prezot, F. & AntonialliJunior, WF. (2017). Opportunistic Strategies for Capture and Storage of Prey of Two Species of Social Wasps of the Genus Polybia Lepeletier (Vespidae: Polistinae: Epiponini). Sociobiology, 64(1):105-110. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology. v64i1.1142

Montefusco, M., Gomes, F.B., Somavilla, A. & Krug, C. (2017). Polistes canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Vespidae: Polistinae) in the Western Amazon: a Potential Biological Control Agent. Sociobiology, 64(4): 477-483. doi: 10.13102/ sociobiology.v64i4.1936

Morimoto, R. (1961). Polistes wasps as natural enemies of agricultural and forest pests. III. (Studies on the social Hymenoptera of Japan. XII). Scientific Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University, 18: 243-52.

Pianka, E.R. 1980. Guild structure in desert lizards. Oikos, 35: 194-201.

Picanço, M.C., Oliveira, I.R., Rosado, J.F., Silva, F.M., Gontijo, P.C. & Silva, R.S. (2010). Natural Biological Control of Ascia monuste by the Social Wasp Polybia ignobilis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Sociobiology, 56(1): 67-76.

Prezoto, F. & Machado, V.L.L. (1999a). Ação de Polistes (Aphanilopterus) simillimus Zikán (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) naprodutividade de lavoura demilho infestada com Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoociências, 1(1): 19-30.

Prezoto, F. & Machado, V.L.L. (1999b). Ação de Polistes (Aphanilopterus) simillimus Zikán (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) no controle de Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 16: 841-850.

Prezoto, F., Lima, M.A.P. & Machado, V.L.L. (2005). Survey of preys captured and used by Polybia platycephala (Richards) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Epiponini). Neotropical Entomology, 34: 849-851.

R Core Team (2017). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Viena: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Retrived from: http://www.R-project.org

Rabb, R.L. & Lawson, F.R.. (1957). Some factors influencing the predation of Polistes wasps on tobacco hornworm. Journal of Economic Entomology, 50: 778-84.

Raveret-Richter, M. (2000). Social wasp (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) foraging behavior. Annual Review of Entomology, 45: 121-150.

Ribeiro-Júnior, C.; Guimarães, D.L.; Elisei, T. & Prezoto, F. (2006). Foraging activity rhythm of the neotropical swarmfounding wasp Protopolybia exigua (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, Epiponini) in diferrent seasons of the year. Sociobiology, 47(1):115-123.

Richards. O.W. (1978). The social wasps of the America, excluding the Vespinae. London: British Museum (Natural History), 580p.

Santos, G.M.M., Cruz, J.D., Bichara-Filho, C.S.C., Marques, O.M. & Aguiar, C.M.L. (2007). Utilização de frutos de cactos (Cactaceae) como recurso alimentar por vespas sociais (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae) em uma área de caatinga (Ipirá, Bahia, Brasil). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 24: 1052-1056. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752007000400023

Santos, G.M.M. & Presley, S.J. (2010). Niche overlap and temporal activity patterns of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in a Brazilian cashew orchard. Sociobiology, 56: 121-131.

Santos, G.P., Zanuncio, J.C., Pires, E.M., Prezoto, F., Pereira, J.M.M. & Serrão, J.E. (2009). Foraging of Parachartergus fraternus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Epiponini) on cloudy and sunny days. Sociobiology, 53: 431-441.

Saraiva, N.B., Prezoto, F., Fonseca, M.G., Moraes, M.C.B., Borges, M., Laumann, R.A. & Auad, A.M. (2017). The social wasp Polybia fastidiosuscula Saussure (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) uses herbivore-induced maize plant volatiles to locate its prey. Journal of Applied Entomology, 141: 620– 629. doi: 10.1111/jen.12378

Schoener, T.W. (1986). Resource partitioning. In J. Kikkawa & D.J. Anderson (Eds), Community Ecology: Pattern and Process (pp. 91-126). London: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Schueller, T.I., Nordheim, E.V., Taylor, B.J. & Jeanne, R. L. (2010). The cues have it; nest-based, cue-mediated recruitment to carbohydrate resources in a swarm-founding social wasp. Naturwissenschaften, 97: 1017-1022. doi: 10.1007/s00114- 010-0712-9.

Siegel, S. (1956). Nonparametric statistics for behavioral sciences. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 312p.

Souza, G.K., Pikart, T.G., Jacques, G.C., Castro, A.A., Souza, M.M., Serrão, J.E. & Zanuncio, J.C. (2013). Social wasps on Eugenia uniflora Linnaeus (Myrtaceae) plants in an urban area. Sociobiology, 60(2): 204-209. doi: 10.13102/ sociobiology.v60i2.204-209

Souza, M.M. & Zanuncio, J.C. (2012). Marimbondos: Vespas Sociais (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Viçosa/MG: Editora UFV, 79p.

Taylor, B.J., Nordheim, E.V., Schueller, T.I. & Jeanne, R.L. (2011). Recruitment in swarm-founding wasps: Polybia occidentalis does not actively scent-mark carbohydrate food source. Psyche, 2011: 1-7. doi: 10.1155/2011/378576

Van Emden, H.F. (2013). Handbook of agricultural entomology. Wiley-Blackwell, 311p.

Vendramim, J.D. & Martins, J.C. (1982). Aspectos biológicos de Ascia monuste orseis(Latreille: Pieridae) em couve (Bassica oleracea L. var. acephala). Poliagro, 4: 57-65.

Zeileis, A. & Hothorn, T. (2002). Diagnostic Checking in Regression Relationships. R News 2(3), 7-10. Retrived from: https://CRAN.R-project.org/doc/Rnews/




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v65i2.2670

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2016: 0.699