Toxicity of Fenpyroximate, Difenoconazole and Mineral Oil on Apis mellifera L. Introduction


  • Delzuite Teles Leite Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia
  • Roberto Barbosa Sampaio Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia
  • Claudia Oliveira dos Santos Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia
  • Juliana Nascimento dos Santos Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia
  • Emerson Dechechi Chambó Universidade Federal do Amazonas
  • Carlos Alfredo Lopes de Carvalho Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia
  • Geni da Silva Sodré universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia



Synergism, beekeeping, useful insects


Bees of genus Apis are the main crop pollinators; however, the use of pesticides in agriculture may intoxicate them during foraging. In this study, we evaluated the toxic eff ects caused by difenoconazole (fungicide), fenpyroximate (acaricide) and mineral oil (adjuvant) used alone and associated (pesticide + adjuvant) on workers of Apis mellifera L. Bees were exposed to product doses recommended by manufacturers, orally and in contact on a contaminated surface in a controlled environment. All products presented low lethality, both in isolation and combination (except for difenoconazole via contact), however, they all showed toxic effects. The results showed that combination of pesticides with adjuvant augmented toxic eff ects.


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How to Cite

Leite, D. T., Sampaio, R. B., dos Santos, C. O., dos Santos, J. N., Chambó, E. D., de Carvalho, C. A. L., & Sodré, G. da S. (2018). Toxicity of Fenpyroximate, Difenoconazole and Mineral Oil on Apis mellifera L. Introduction. Sociobiology, 65(4), 737–743.



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