Range Expansion of the Cleptoparasitic Orchid Bee Aglae caerulea in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

Marta Helena Schorn de Souza, Jessica Dasayane Santos Figueiredo, Jaquison Corrêa da Cunha, Sandro de Oliveira Pains, Mariana Teodoro de Brito, Félix Antenor Labaig, Carlos Alberto Garófalo, Evandson José dos Anjos-Silva

Abstract


In the present study, a new occurrence of Aglae caerulea Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville is reported within a few km of the seasonal flooded plain limits of the Pantanal in the Paraguay basin, reinforcing the idea that this species coexists with its hostess Eulaema nigrita, one of the most common species catalogued in several habitats surveyed in the biome. After 18 months of sampling and no A. caerulea male attracted to the baits, methyl cinnamate was added to the set of fragrances available in the field. During four weeks in May and one week in June 2018, a total of 11 males of A. caerulea were attracted to the new bait in the gallery forest of São Vicente Range. With this most recent record, we expand the ranges of occurrence to the north-eastern border of the Pantanal of Barão de Melgaço, in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Future expeditions in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul should record this cleptoparasitic species from southern to western Paraguay river basin, to reduce the biogeographical gaps in this peculiar tribe of corbiculate bees. The cleptoparasitic species A. caerulea may be recorded when adequate field studies and collections are made from the seasonal floodplain habitats to karstic habitats (dry forests) along the Pantanal border.


Keywords


Neotropics; Hymenoptera; Amazon Forest; Gallery Forest; Cerrado

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v67i4.4581

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