Population Structure of Melipona subnitida Ducke (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) at the Southern Limit of its Distribution Based on Geometric Morphometrics of Forewings

Authors

  • Cândida Beatriz Lima Universidade Federal do Reconcavo da Bahia, Grupo de Pesquisa INSECTA
  • lorena Andrade Nunes Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Departamento de Genética e Conservação
  • Márcia de Fátima Ribeiro Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa e Agropecuária, Entomologia
  • Carlos Alfredo Carvalho Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Grupo de Pesquisa INSECTA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v61i4.478-482

Keywords:

Meliponiculture, jandaira bee, geometric morphometrics, Procrustes superposition, shape

Abstract

Bees provide fundamental services to humanity, and the world has been concerned about the rapid loss of genetic diversity that these organisms have been suffering. The stingless bee Melipona subnitida is endemic to northeastern Brazil and has high potential for the production of honey and wax; it is also an important pollinator in the Caatinga biome. Populations of M. subnitida have increasingly declined due to predatory extractivism and destruction of its habitat. However, knowledge about its population structure could give insights on strategies for monitoring and conservation of this species. Here we collected workers from nine sites located at the southern limit of the species distribution and employed geometric morphometric techniques on their forewings in search of covariance between sampling site and wing morphology. It was observed a very significant correlation between both variables, indicating that the divergence among the sampled populations of M. subnitida was due to geographical distance among the sampling sites and, hence, suggesting the formation of different groups of populations along the studied geographical zone, each one with specific characteristics. Since M. subnitida habitat has been increasingly fragmented thus difficulting the genetic flow among populations, our findings will contribute to the formulation of management and conservation plans for this species in order to preserve its genetic diversity and, hence, to contribute to the generation of income for beekeepers in meliponiculture programs.

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Published

2014-12-29

How to Cite

Lima, C. B., Nunes, lorena A., Ribeiro, M. de F., & Carvalho, C. A. (2014). Population Structure of Melipona subnitida Ducke (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) at the Southern Limit of its Distribution Based on Geometric Morphometrics of Forewings. Sociobiology, 61(4), 478–482. https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v61i4.478-482

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Section

Research Article - Bees

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