Parasitoids of Polistes myersi Bequaert, 1934 (Vespidae, Polistinae)

Daniela Mayorga-Ch., Carlos E Sarmiento

Abstract


Information about parasitoids of neotropical vespids is scarce. Parasitoids collected from 43 colonies of Polistes  myersi Bequaert, 1934 and one ofPolistes erythrocephalus Latreille, 1813 are reported from an Andean region of Colombia.  Colony parasitism rates in P. myersi ranged from 35 % to 57 %, being higher in colonies with more cells; however, the number of parasitized colonies did not differ when considering the mean number of adult wasps (8.2 vs. 8.1 respectively). Parasitoidism ranged from one up to four species per colony. P.  myersi parasitoids were: Seminotalaeviceps (Cresson, 1879) (Trigonalidae); Signiphora polistomyiella Richards, 1935 (Signiphoridae); Elasmuspolistis Burks, 1971 (Eulophidae, Elasminae); and a new species of Xenos(Strepsiptera, Xenidae). The latter three are first records for Colombia. P. myersi and P.  erythrocephalus are the first host reports for the trigonalid S.laeviceps. We also report an unknown Tachinid fly species of the tribe Blondeliini attacking P. myersi.


Keywords


Neotropics; Elasmidae; Signiphoridae; Trigonalidae; Tachinidae; Xenidae

Full Text:

PDF

References


Askew, R.R., Segade, C., Blasco-Zumeta, J. & Pujade, J. (1997) Species of Elasmus Westwood, 1833 (Hym., Chalcidoidea, Elasmidae) found in the lberian peninsula. Miscel•lània Zoològica, 20 (1), 39–43.

Beaquert, J.C. (1934) Color variation in the South American social wasp, Polistes versicolor (Olivier) (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro), 4 (2), 147–157.

Benadé, P.C., Veldtman, R., Samways, M.J., Roets, F. (2014) Rapid range expansion of the invasive wasp Polistes dominula (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) and first record of parasitoids on this species and the native Polistes marginalis in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. African Entomology, 22(1), 220–225. https://doi.org/10.4001/003.022.0104

Burks, B.D. (1971) A North American Elasmus parasitic on Polistes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 61 (3), 194–196.

Burks, R.A. (2019) Key to the Nearctic genera of Eulophidae, subfamilies: Entedoninae, Euderinae, and Eulophinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Available from: https://faculty.ucr.edu/~heraty/Eulophidae/index.html (accessed 21 September 2019)

Carmean, D. & Kimsey, L. (1998) Phylogenetic revision of the parasitoid wasp family Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology, 23 (1), 35–76. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.1998.00042.x

Cook, J.L. (2019) Annotated catalog of the order Strepsiptera of the World. Transactions American Entomological Society, 145 (2), 121–267. https://doi.org/10.3157/061.145.0202

Cubillos W, Sarmiento CE. (1996) Avispas sociales de Colombia. 269-348 In: Andrade G, Amat G, F Fernández (Eds.) Insectos de Colombia, estudios escogidos. Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales-Universidad Javeriana. Santafé de Bogotá, 541pp.

De Santis, L. (1981) Catálogo de los Himenópteros Calcidoideos de América al Sur de los Estados Unidos - Primer Suplemento. Revista Peruana de Entomología, 24 (1), 1–38.

Dorfey, C. & Köhler, A. (2011) First Report of Elasmus polistis Burks (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) Recovered from Polistes versicolor (Olivier) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) Nests in Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 40 (4), 515–516. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2011000400019

Elisei, T., Nunez, VJ., Junior, CB., Junior AJF., Prezoto F. (2010) Uso da vespa social Polistes versicolor no controle de desfolhadores de eucalipto. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 45(9), 958–964. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2010000900004

Fernández, F. & Sharkey, M.J. (2006) Biología y diversidad de Hymenoptera. In: Fernández, F. & Sharkey, M.J. (Eds.), Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la región neotropical. Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología y Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá D.C., pp. 93–113.

García, Z., Sarmiento, C.E. (2012) Relationship between body size and Flying-related structures in Neotropical social wasps (Polistinae, Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Zoomorphology, 131, 25–35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00435-011-0142-z

Girón, J. (2006) Observación de Strepsiptera (Stylopidae) sobre avispas papeleras Polistes erythrocephalus Latreille en Cali. Boletín del Museo de Entomología de la Universidad del Valle, 7 (1), 32–33.

Gumovsky, A., Rusina, L. & Firman, L. (2007). Bionomics and morphological and molecular characterization of Elasmus schmitti and Baryscapus elasmi (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea, Eulophidae), parasitoids associated with a paper wasp, Polistes dominulus (Vespoidea, Vespidae). Entomological Science, 10 (1), 21–34. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2006.00195.x

Hodges, A.C., Hodges, G.S. & Espelie, K.E. (2003) Parasitoids and Parasites of Polistes metricus Say (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Northeast Georgia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 96 (1), 61–64. https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2003)096[0061:PAPOPM]2.0.CO;2

Kathirithamby, J. (2012) Strepsiptera. In: Rafael, J.A., Rodrigues de Melo, G.A., Barros de Carvalho, C.J., Aparecida Casari, S. & Constantino, R. (Eds.), Insetos do Brazil: Diversidade e Taxonomia I. Halos editora, Ribeirão Preto, pp. 745–752.

Keeping, M.G. & Crewe, R.M. (1983) Parasitoids, commensals and colony size in nests of Belonogaster (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Journal of the Entomological Society Slk Africa, 46 (2), 309–323.

Latreille, P.A. (1813) Insectes de l'Amérique équinoxiale recueillis pendant le voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland, Seconde partie. In: Smith, C.J. & Gide, E.C. (Eds.) Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland, Deuxième Partie. Observations de Zoologie et d'Anatomie Comparée. Paris, France. p. 96.

Linnaeus, C. (1758) III. Lepidoptera. In: Salvii, L. (Ed.), Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis Tomus I. Editio Decima, Reformata. Holmiae: Impensis Direct, Stockholm, pp. 458–542. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542

London, K.B., Jeanne R.L. (2000) The interaction between mode of colony founding, nest architecture and ant defense in polistine wasps. Ethology, Ecology & Evolution, 12 (1), 13–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/03949370.2000.9728440

Macom, T.E. & Landolt, P.J. (1995) Elasmus polistis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) recovered from nests of Polistes dorsalis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist, 78 (4), 612–615. https://doi.org/10.2307/3496048

Ramírez-Ahuja, M.L., Dal Molin, A., González-Hernández, A. & Woolley, J.B., (2015) Sinopsis y clave para la identificación de las especies de Signiphora (Hymenoptera: Signiphoridae) de México, con notas sobre biología y distribución. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 86 (2), 337–347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmb.2015.04.026

Richards, O.W. (1935) Two new parasites of aculeate Hymenoptera from Trinidad. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B, Taxonomy, 4 (6), 131–133. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1935.tb00575.x

Smith, D.R., Janzen, D.H., Hallwachs, W. & Smith, M.A. (2012) Hyperparasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Trigonalidae) reared from dry forest and rain forest caterpillars of Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 29, 119–144. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.29.3233

Somavilla, A., Schoeninger, K., Carvalho, A.F., Menezes, R.S.T., Del Lama, M.A., Costa, M.A. & Oliveira, M.L. (2015) Record of Parasitoids in nests of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae). Sociobiology, 62 (1), 92–98. https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v62i1.92-98

Strassmann, J.E. (1981) Parasitoids, predators, and group size in the paper wasp, Polistes exclamans. Ecology, 62 (5), 1225–1233. https://doi.org/10.2307/1937287

Subba Rao, B.R. (1974) The genera of Signiphoridae (Hymenoptera) with description of a new genus. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 64 (4), 525–531. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300035835

Vesey-Fitzgerald, D. (1938) Social Wasps (Hym. Vespidae) From Trinidad, With A Note On The Genus Trypoxylon Latreille. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 87 (7), 181–191. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1938.tb00093.x

Weinstein, P. & Austin, A.D. (1991) The host relationships of trigonalyid wasps (Hymenoptera: Trigonalyidae), with a review of their biology and catalogue to world species. Journal of Natural History, 25 (2), 399–433. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939100770281

Yamane, S. (1996) Ecological factors influencing the colony cycle of Polistes wasps. In Turillazzi, S. & West-Eberhard, M.J. (Eds.), Natural history and evolution of paper-wasps (Vol. 400). Oxford: Oxford University Press., USA Pp. 75–97.

Zeegers, T. (2014) Tachinidae (Diptera) reared from Ropalidia nests (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) from Madagascar, with two new species of Anacamptomyia. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 157 (2–3), 95–103 https://doi.org/10.1163/22119434-00002041




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v67i3.5146

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JOURNAL METRICS

 

JCR Impact Factor (2019): 0.690

JCR 5-year Impact Factor (2019): 0.846

Google Scholar h5-index (Insects and Arthropods journals): 12 

Scimago h-index (whole journal circulation period): 37         

Scopus CiteScore (2016-2019): 0.90

 

Sociobiology is indexed in the following databases: