Nest Structure, Seasonality and Female Behavior of Epicharis (Anepicharis) dejeanii Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) in a Restinga Ecosystem, in Southern Brazil

Natalia Uemura, André Luiz Gobatto, Welber da Costa Pina, Rafael Hideki Ono, Silvia Helena Sofia

Abstract


We investigated the nesting behavior of females of Epicharis dejeanii and the architecture of their nests, in a large aggregation in a Restinga area, on Ilha do Superagui, southern Brazil. Surveys were carried out intermittently through the warm-wet seasons from different years between 2013 and 2017. The nest aggregation occupied an area of approximately 2,000 m2 and was situated on a sand bank and on flat sandy soil. Each nest consisted of a long unbranched tunnel, averaging 1.45 ± 0.35 m (N = 8), connected to a single brood cell with a mean length of 3.13 ± 0.2 cm (N = 13) and mean diameter of 1.2 ± 0.1 cm (N = 11). On average, females carried out 4.0 ± 2.4 foraging trips per day (N = 109) to collect floral resources for provisioning brood cells. Similar times were spent by females in their foraging trips for: only pollen (15.8 ± 14.3 min, N = 72), oil (22.5 ± 15.7 min, N = 45), or both resources (17.0 ± 15.1, N = 63).  Our findings reveal that some variation in both nesting architecture and female behavior of E. dejeanii during nesting activities can occur in different locations from the same region.


Keywords


solitary bees; nest aggregation; bee behavior; nesting biology; Atlantic Forest

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguiar, A.P., Chiarello, A.G., Mendes, S.L. & Matos, E.M. (2005). Os corredores Central e da Serra do Mar na Mata Atlântica Brasileira. In: Galindo-Leal C, Câmara IG, editors. Mata Atlântica: Biodiversidade, Ameaças e Perspectivas. Belo Horizonte: Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica. P. 119-132.

Alves-dos-Santos, I., Machado, I.C. & Gaglianone M.C. (2007). História natural das abelhas coletoras de óleo. Oecologia Brasiliensis, 11: 544-557. doi: 10.4257/oeco.2007.1104.06.

Cane, J. (2008). A native ground-nesting bee (Nomia melanderi) sustainably managed to pollinate alfalfa across an intensively agricultural landscape. Apidologie, 39: 315-323. doi: 10.1051/apido:2008013.

Danforth, B.N., Minckley, R.L., Neff, J.L. & Fawcett, F. (2019). The solitary bees: biology, evolution, conservation. Princeton University Press. 488 p.

Dec, E. & Vivallo, F. (2019). Nesting biology and immature stages of the oil-collecting bee Epicharis dejeanii (Apidae: Centridini). Apidologie, 50: 606-615. doi: 10.1007/s13592-019- 00673-0.

Gaglianone, M.C. (2005). Nesting biology, seasonality, and flower hosts of Epicharis nigrita (Friese, 1900) (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Centridini), with a comparative analysis for the genus. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 40: 191-200. doi: 10.1080/01650520500250145.

Gaglianone, M.C., Aguiar, A.J.C., Vivallo, F. & Alves-dos-Santos, I. (2011). Checklist das abelhas coletoras de óleos do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, 11(Suppl 1): 657-666. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n1a/en/abstract?inventory+bn0331101a2011.

Gaglianone, M.C., Werneck, H.A. & Campos, L.A.O. (2015). Univoltine life cycle of two species of Epicharis Klug, 1807 (Apidae, Centridini) and notes on its cleptoparasites Tetraonyx spp. (Coleoptera, Meloidae). In: Aguiar, A.J.C., Gonçalves, R.B. & Ramos, K.S., Orgs. Ensaios sobre as abelhas da região Neotropical: Homenagem aos 80 anos de Danuncia Urban. Curitiba: Editora UFPR. pp 401-414.

Giangarelli, D.C. & Sofia, S.H. (2018). Foraging patterns and artificial fragrance choices of male orchid bees in the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest. Journal of Natural History, 52: 2591-2603. doi: 10.1080/00222933.2018.1545950.

Hiller, B. & Wittmann, D. (1994). Seasonality, nesting biology and mating behavior of the oil collecting bee Epicharis dejeanii (Anthophoridae, Centridini). Biociências, 2: 107-124.

ICMBIO – Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. 2016. Unidades Abertas à Visitação: Parque Nacional do Superagui. Available at http://www.icmbio.gov.br. Accessed 10 October, 2019.

IPARDES - Instituto Paranaense de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social. 2001. Zoneamento da Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaraqueçaba. Instituto Paranaense de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social. Curitiba, PR. Available at http://www.ipardes.gov.br/biblioteca/docs/zoneamento_apa.pdf. Accessed 05 November, 2018.

Kelber, A., Warrant, E.J., Pfaff, M., Wallén, R., Theobald, J.C., Wcislo, W.T. & Raguso, R.A. (2005). Light intensity limit foraging activity in nocturnal and crepuscular bees. Behavioral Ecology, 17: 63-72. doi:10.1093/beheco/arj001.

Kline, O. & Joshi, N.K. (2020). Mitigating the effects of habitat loss on solitary bees in agricultural ecosystems. Agriculture, 10: 115. doi: 10.3390/agriculture10040115.

Litman, J. (2019). Under the radar: detection avoidance in brood parasitic bees. Journal of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 375: 20180196. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2018.0196.

Martins, C.F., Peixoto, M.P. & Aguiar C.M.L. (2014). Plastic nesting behavior of Centris (Centris) flavifrons (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Centridini) in an urban area. Apidologie, 45: 156-171. doi: 10.1007/s13592-013-0235-4.

Martins, C.F., Santos Neto, V.I. & Cruz, R.D.M. (2019). Nesting biology and mating behavior of the solitary bee Epicharis nigrita (Apoidea: Centridini). Journal of Apicultural Research, 58: 512-521. doi: 10.1080/00218839. 2019.1584963.

Michener, CD. (1964). Evolution of the nests of bees. American Zoologist, 4: 227-239.

Michener, C.D. (1974). The social behavior of bees: A comparative study. Cambridge (USA), Harvard University Press. 404 p.

Moure, J.S., Melo, G.A.R. & Vivallo, F. (2012). Centridini Cockerell & Cockerell, 1901. In: Moure, J.S., Urban, D., & Melo, G.A.R. Orgs. Catalogue of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region. online version available at URL: http://www.moure.cria.org.br/catalogue. Accessed 18 October, 2019.

R Development Core Team. (2015). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna. ISBN 3-900051-07-0. Available at URL: http://www.R-project.org Accessed 15 March, 2018.

Pina, W.C., Souza-Shibatta, L., Uemura, N., Gobatto, A.L., Freiria, G.A. & Sofia, S.H. (2020). Male strategies and mating behavior in the Neotropical bee Epicharis (Anepicharis) dejeanii (Apidae: Centridini). Journal of Apicultural Research, doi: 10.1080/00218839.2020.1733197.

Rocha-Filho, L.C., Silva, C.I., Gaglianone, M.C. & Augusto, S.C. (2008). Nesting behavior and natural enemies of Epicharis (Epicharis) bicolor Smith, 1854 (Hymenoptera Apidae). Tropical Zoology, 21: 227-242.

Roubik, D.W. & Michener, C.D. (1980). The seasonal cycle and nests of Epicharis zonata, a bee whose cells are below the wet-season water table (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae). Biotropica, 12: 56-60.

Rozen, J.G. Jr. (2016). Nesting biology of solitary bee Epicharis albofasciata (Apoidea: Apidae: Centridini). American Museum Novitates, 3869: 1-8. doi: 10.1206/3869.1

Rozen, J.G. Jr & Michener, CD. (1988). Nests and immature stages of the bee Paratetrapedia swainsonae (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). American Museum Novitates, 2909: 1-13.

Schmidlin, L.A.J., Accioly, A., Accioly, P. & Kirchner, F.F. (2005). Mapeamento e caracterização da vegetação da Ilha de Superagüi utilizando técnicas de geoprocessamento. Floresta, 35: 303-315. doi: 10.5380/rf.v35i2.4618.

Steiner, J., Zillikens A., Kamke, R., Feja, E.P. & Falkenberg, D.B. (2010). Bees and melittophilous plants of secondary Atlantic Forest habitats at Santa Catarina Island, Southern Brazil. Oecologia Australis, 14: 16-39. doi: 10.4257/oeco.2010.1401.0.

Thiele, R. & Inouye, B. (2007). Nesting biology, seasonality, and mating behavior of Epicharis metatarsalis (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Northeastern Costa Rica. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 100: 596-602. doi: 10.16 03/0013-8746.

Werneck, H.A. (2012). Biologia de nidificação, sazonalidade e inimigos naturais de Epicharis (Epicharoides) picta (Smith, 1874) (Apidae: Centridini) no município de Viçosa, MG-Brasil. (Master Dissertation in Entomology) Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais.

Willmer, P.G. & Stone, G.N. (2004). Behavioral, ecological, and physiological determinants of the activity patterns of bees. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 34: 347-466. doi: 10.1016/S0065-3454(04)34009-X.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v68i1.5792

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JOURNAL METRICS

 

JCR Impact Factor (2019): 0.690

JCR 5-year Impact Factor (2019): 0.846

Google Scholar h5-index (Insects and Arthropods journals): 12 

Scimago h-index (whole journal circulation period): 37         

Scopus CiteScore (2016-2019): 0.90

Mean time for editorial decision (2020): 78 days

Mean time for article publication (2020): 171 days

 

Sociobiology is indexed in the following databases: