Food niche of solitary and social bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in a Neotropical Savanna

Claudia Oliveira dos Santos, Cândida Maria Lima Aguiar, Celso Feitosa Martins, Edson Braz Santana, Flávio França, Efigênia Melo, Gilberto Marcos M. Santos

Abstract


In this study we investigated the group of floral resources that support bee populations from a bee assemblage in a savanna, and the way in which bee species use these food resources, with an emphasis on the breadth and overlap of trophic niches. The interactions between 75 species of bees and 62 species of plants visited to obtain floral resources were recorded on a Brazilian savanna site. The bee species explored a diverse set of plant species, but concentrated the collection of resources in a few plant species. The distribution of the samples over a long period favored a robust characterization of the food niche of the bee populations. Byrsonima sericea, Serjania faveolata, and Stigmaphyllon paralias were the plant species with the highest number of links with bees. In general, the trophic niche overlap was low, with 75% of pairs of bee species having a niche overlap (NO) less than 0.33. Only four pairs showed high overlap (NO>0.70) and all cases were related to the exploitation of floral resources provided by B. sericea, a key resource for the maintenance of the local bee fauna, an oil and pollen provider.


Keywords


Anthophila; Malpighiaceae; trophic niche; niche breadth; niche overlap; plant-pollinator network

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguiar, C.M.L. (2003). Utilização de recursos florais por abelhas (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) em uma área de Caatinga (Itatim, Bahia, Brasil). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20: 457-467. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752003000300015

Aguiar, C.M.L. & Gaglianone, M.C. (2003). Nesting biology of Centris (Centris) aenea Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20: 601-606.

Aguiar, C.M.L., Lua, S., Silva, M., Peixoto, P.E.C., Alvarez, H.M. & Santos, G.M.M. (2017a). The similar usage of a common key resource does not determine similar responses by species in a community of oil-collecting bees. Sociobiology, 64: 69-77. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v64i1.1210

Aguiar, C.M.L., Caramés, J., França, F. & Melo, E. (2017b). Exploitation of floral resources and niche overlap within an oil-collecting bee guild (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in a neotropical savannah. Sociobiology, 64: 78-84. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v64i1.1250

Alves-dos-Santos, I., Machado, I.C. & Gaglianone, M.C. (2007). História natural das abelhas coletoras de óleo. Oecologia Brasiliensis, 11: 544-557.

Andena, S.R., Bego, L.R. & Mechi, M.R. (2005). A comunidade de abelhas (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) de uma área de Cerrado (Corumbataí, SP) e suas visitas às flores. Revista Brasileira de Zoociências, 7: 55-91.

Andena, S.R., Santos, E.F. & Noll, F.B. (2012). Taxonomic diversity, niche width and similarity in the use of plant resources by bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) in a cerrado area. Journal of Natural History, 46: 27-28. doi: 10.1080/00222933.2012.681317

Bezerra, E.L.S., Machado, I.C. & Mello, M.A.R. (2009). Pollination networks of oil-flowers: a tiny world within the smallest of all worlds. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78: 1096-1101. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2009.01567.x

Biesmeijer, J.C. & Slaa, J. (2006). The structure of eusocial bee assemblages in Brazil. Apidologie, 37: 240-258. doi: 10.1051/apido:2006014

Carvalho, A.M.C. & Bego, L.R. (1997). Explotation of available resources by bee fauna (Apoidea- Hymenoptera) in the Reserva Ecológica do Panga, Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 41: 101-107.

Centro de Estatística e Informações [CEI]. (1994). Informações básicas dos municípios baianos: Região Chapada Diamantina. Salvador: Secretaria de Planejamento.

Chesson, P. (2000). Mecanisms of maintenance of species diversity. Annual Review of Ecology and Sistematics, 31: 343-366. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.31.1.343

Dormann, C.F., Fruend, J., Bluethgen, N. & Gruber B. (2009). Indices, graphs and null models: analyzing bipartite ecological networks. The Open Ecology Journal, 2: 7-24.doi: 10.2174/18 74213000902010007

Freitas, B.M., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L., Medina, L.M., Kleinert, A.M.P., Galetto, L., Nates-Parra, G. & Quezada-Euán, J.J.G. (2009). Diversity, threats and conservation of native bees in the Neotropics. Apidologie, 40: 332-346.doi: 10.1051/apido/2009012

Funch, R., Harley, R. & Funch, L. (2009). Mapping and evaluation of the state of conservation of the vegetation in and surrounding the Chapada Diamantina National Park, NE, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 9: 21-30. doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032009000200001

Giannini, T.C., Garibaldi, L.A., Costa, A.L.A, Silva, J.S., Maia, K.P., Saraiva, A.M., Guimarães Jr., P.R., Kleinert, A.M.P. (2015). Native and non-native supergeneralist bee species have different effects on plant-bee networks. PLoS ONE, 10: e0137198. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137198

Harley, R.M. (1995). Introduction. In B.L. Stannard (Ed.). Flora of the Pico das Almas, Chapada Diamantina, Brazil (pp.1-42) Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens.

Hembry, D.H., Raimundo, R.L.G., Newman, E.A., Atkinson, L., Guo, C., Guimarães Jr., P.R. & Gillespie, R.G. (2018). Does biological intimacy shape ecological network structure? A test using a brood pollination mutualism on continental and oceanic islands. Journal of Animal Ecology, 87: 1160-1171. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12841

Jesus, E.F., Falk, F.H. & Marques, T.M. (1983). Caracterização geográfica e aspectos geológicos da Chapada Diamantina, Bahia. Centro editorial e didático da Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, p. 50.

Kevan P.K. (2018). Conserving pollinators for agriculture, forestry and nature. In, D.W. Roubik (Ed), The Pollination of Cultivated Plants, (pp. 29-33). Rome: FAO

Ludwig, J.A. & Reynolds, J.F. (1988). Statistical ecology: A primer on methods and computing. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 339 p.

Maia-Silva, C., Silva, C.I., Hrncir, M., Queiroz, R.T. & Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. (2012). Guia de Plantas visitadas por abelhas na Caatinga. 1a ed. Fortaleza: Editora Fundação Brasil Cidadão. 191p.

Maia-Silva, C., Limão, A.A.C., Silva, C.I., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. & M. Hrncir (2020). Stingless bees (Melipona subnitida) overcome severe drought events in the Brazilian tropical dry forest by opting for high-profit food sources. Neotropical Entomology, 49: 595-603. doi:10.1007/s13744-019-00756-8

Martins, C.F. (1995). Flora apícola e nichos tróficos de abelhas (Hym, Apoidea) na Chapada Diamantina (Lençóis-BA, Brasil). Revista Nordestina de Biologia, 10: 119-140.

Matos, V.R., Santos, F.A.R. (2017). Identificação botânica da própolis - análise palinológica. In, J.M.C. Nunes, M.R.B. Matos (Orgs), Litoral Norte da Bahia: caracterização ambiental, biodiversidade e conservação (pp. 181-194). Salvador: EDUFBA.

Mello, M.A.R., Bezerra, E.L.S. & Machado, I.C. (2013). Functional roles of Centridini oil bees and Malpighiaceae oil flowers in biome-wide pollination networks. Biotropica, 45: 45-53. doi: 10.2307/23360240

Neff, J.L. & Simpson, B.B. (2017). Vogel’s great legacy: The oil flower and oil-collecting bee syndrome. Flora, 232: 104-116. doi:10.1016/j.flora.2017.01.003

Nieh, J.C., Contrera F.A.L. & Nogueira-Neto P. (2003). Pulsed mass recruitment by a stingless bee, Trigona hyalinata. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 270: 2191-2196. doi doi:10.1098/rspb.2003.2486

Nieh, J.C, Kruizinga, K., Barreto, L.S., Contrera, F.A.L. & Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. (2005). Effect of group size on the aggression strategy of an extirpating stingless bee, Trigona spinipes. Insectes Sociaux, 52: 147-154.

Pacheco-Filho, A., Verola, C.F., Lima-Verde, L.W. & Freitas, B.M. (2015). Bee-flower association in the Neotropics: implications to bee conservation and plant pollination. Apidologie, 46: 530-541. doi: 10.1007/s13592-014-0344-8

Pedro, S.R.M. & Camargo, J.M.F. (1991). Interactions on floral resource between the Africanized honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) and native bee community (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in a natural “cerrado” ecosystem in southeast Brazil. Apidologie, 22: 397-415.

R Core Team (2020). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL: https://www.R-project.org/

Ranta, E. & Lundberg, H. (1981). Food niche of bumblebees: a comparison of three data collecting methods. Oikos, 36: 12-16

Roubik, D.W. (1989). Ecology and Natural History of Tropical Bees. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 514p.

Sakagami, S.F., Laroca, S. & Moure, J.S. (1967). Wild bees biocenotics in São José dos Pinhais (PR), South Brazil preliminary report. Journal of the Faculty of Science Hokkaido University, 16: 253-291.

Santos, F.A.R., Kiill, L.H.P., Carneiro-Torres, D.S., Lima e Lima, L.C., Silva, T,M.S., Novais, J.S., Dórea, M.C., Carneiro, C.E. & Correia, M.C.N. (2018). Espécies melíferas. In, L. Coradin, J. Camillo & F.G.C. Pareyn (Eds.), Espécies nativas da flora brasileira de valor econômico atual ou potencial: plantas para o futuro: região Nordeste, (pp. 971- 1010). Brasília: MMA. (Série Biodiversidade; 51) , Accessed date 08/ 06/ 2020

Schoener, T.W. (1968). The Anolis lizard of Bimini: Resource partitioning in a complex fauna. Ecology, 49: 704-726. doi: 10.2307/1935534

Shannon, C.E. (1948). The mathematical theory of communication. In, C.E. Shannon & W. Weaver (Eds), The mathematical theory of communication, (pp. 3-91), Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Slaa, E.J., Wassenberg, J. & Biesmeijer, J.C. (2003). The use of field-based social information in eusocial foragers: local enhancement among nestmates and heterospecifics in stingless bees. Ecological Entomology, 28: 369-379.

Souza, C.S., Maruyama, P.K., Aoki, C., Sigrist, M.R., Raizer, J., Gross, C.L., Araujo, A.C. (2018). Temporal variation in plant-pollinator networks from seasonal tropical environments: higher specialization when resources are scarce. Journal of Ecology, 106: 2409-2420. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12978

Teixeira, L.A.G. & Machado, I.C. (2000). Sistemas de polinização e reprodução de Byrsonima sericea DC (Malpighiaceae). Acta Botanica Brasilica, 14: 347-357. doi: 10.1590/S0102-33062000000300011

Vizentin-Bugoni, J., Maruyama, P. K., Souza, C. S., Ollerton, J., Rech, A. R. & Sazima, M. (2018). Plant-pollinator networks in the tropics: A review. In, W. Dáttilo & V. Rico-Gray (Eds.), Ecological networks in the tropics, (pp. 73-91). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-68228-0_6




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v67i4.5841

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JOURNAL METRICS

 

JCR Impact Factor (2019): 0.690

JCR 5-year Impact Factor (2019): 0.846

Google Scholar h5-index (Insects and Arthropods journals): 12 

Scimago h-index (whole journal circulation period): 37         

Scopus CiteScore (2016-2019): 0.90

Mean time for editorial decision (2020): 78 days

Mean time for article publication (2020): 171 days

 

Sociobiology is indexed in the following databases: