The light intensity mediates the pollination efficacy of a Caatinga morning glory Ipomoea bahiensis (Convolvulaceae)


  • Miriam Gimenes Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana
  • Laene Silva Araujo Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana
  • Anderson Matos Medina Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil- Pós doc



Daily activity pattern, Apis mellifera, Melitoma, Pseudaugochlora pandora, pollination


Pollination is an ecological process that relies on the matching traits of flower visitors and flowers. Morphology, behavior, and temporal patterns play essential roles in mediating the interactions between plants and floral visitors. This study analyzed the temporal aspects of visitors and flowers interaction and the possible adjustment between both organisms.  We used Ipomoea bahiensis and its flower visitors as a model system. We evaluated the visitor frequency on the flowers throughout the day, flower opening and closing times, pollen availability and stigma receptivity. We also evaluated the highest fruit production time during the flower longevity was analyzed, and the time of highest pollinator activity, related to climatic factors. Among the floral visitors, bees, especially Melitoma spp., Apis mellifera, and Pseudaugochlora pandora were the most frequent visitors, presenting regular visits synchronized with the flower opening and closing times, which were also regular. This system was influenced mainly by light intensity. Besides, these bees were very active during the times of the highest fruit production.  These data indicate the presence of temporal patterns for both the bees and the visited plants, and synchronization between them, being the light intensity as a modulator of the rhythms of bees and plant, confirming the importance of the temporal adjustments for pollination efficiency.


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Author Biographies

Miriam Gimenes, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana

Departamento de Biologia

Laene Silva Araujo, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana

UEFS  -  PPgEcoEvol


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How to Cite

Gimenes, M., Araujo, L. S., & Medina, A. M. (2021). The light intensity mediates the pollination efficacy of a Caatinga morning glory Ipomoea bahiensis (Convolvulaceae). Sociobiology, 68(4), e5906.



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