Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of higher termite Globitermes sulphureus (Haviland)(Blattodea:Termitidae)


  • Nurul Akmar Hussin Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Abdul Hafiz Ab Majid Household & Structural Urban Entomology Laboratory, Vector Control Research Unit, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 11800 Minden, MALAYSIA



Genetic diversity, phylogenetic, termite, Globitermes sulphureus, COII


The subterranean higher termite Globitermes sulphureus (Blattodea: Termitidae), is a peridomestic forager and regarded as a significant pest in Southeast Asia. In this study, the populations of G. sulphureus from the USM main campus area were investigated based on partial sequences of the mitochondrial COII gene. The genetic diversity was determined using DnaSP v5 software while the phylogenetic relationship was defined using Neighbor-joining (NJ) and maximum likelihood (ML) methods using Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA 7) software. A total of 2 haplotypes were detected among the 5 sample sequences that differed by two variable sites. In addition, both phylogenetic trees gave similar topology and supporting the results from haplotype diversity. Based on the haplotype diversity and molecular phylogeny, it is proposed that geographic isolation and lack of human activities have contributed to the neutral genetic diversity of G. sulphureus.   

Author Biographies

Nurul Akmar Hussin, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Household & Structural Urban Entomology Laboratory,
Vector Control Research Unit, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 11800 Minden, MALAYSIA

Abdul Hafiz Ab Majid, Household & Structural Urban Entomology Laboratory, Vector Control Research Unit, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 11800 Minden, MALAYSIA

Senior Lecturer
School of Biological Sciences,
Universiti Sains Malaysia


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How to Cite

Hussin, N. A., & Ab Majid, A. H. (2021). Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of higher termite Globitermes sulphureus (Haviland)(Blattodea:Termitidae). Sociobiology, 68(2), e5911.



Research Article - Termites