Diversity of Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Two Forest Sites from Kabylia of Djurdjura, Northern Algeria

Authors

  • Sadou Sid-Ali UNIVERSITÉ MOULOUD MAMMERI TIZ-OUZOU ALGÉRIE
  • Sadoudi Ali-Ahmed Djamila Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou
  • Metna Ali-Ahmed Fatiha Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou
  • Ourrad Ouiza Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou
  • Slimani Said Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v68i3.6232

Keywords:

Formicidae, mediterranean, species richness, taxonomy, Algeria

Abstract

The current study deals with the diversity of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Kabylia of Djurdjura. It has been carried out in two forest sites from the localities of Azeffoun and Assi-Youcef, Tizi Ouzou (northern Algeria). Two sampling methods were adopted: manual capture and pitfall traps. Various community metrics were used as key elements to assess ant biodiversity within the two study sites. They included the species richness, the relative abundance, the constancy, and the Shannon-Weaver and equitability indices. Our inventory allowed identifying 24 species belonging to 12 genera and three subfamilies, which are the Myrmicinae (58%), the Formicinae (34%), and the Dolichoderinae (08%). The highest species richness was registered for the two first subfamilies, while the subfamily Dolichoderinae dominated numerically. The Site of Azeffoun, which is more submitted to human activities, recorded higher values in the number of individuals, the species richness, and the Shannon-Weaver diversity index. However, the difference between the two sites consisted mainly of the rare species, such as Crematogaster laestrygon, Goniomma sp. and Palagiolepis sp., which were present in the Azeffoun site. The local site conditions certainly have played a key role in ant species occurrence within the two study areas. Azeffoun is more disturbed than Assi-Youcef, resulting in the recruitment of much more rare and accidental species in the first site. In contrast, the rate of accessory to omnipresent species is substantially higher in Assi-Youcef, which recorded a high species evenness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the ant genus Formica in Kabylia of Djurdjura.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Sadou Sid-Ali, UNIVERSITÉ MOULOUD MAMMERI TIZ-OUZOU ALGÉRIE

The current study deals with the diversity of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Kabylia of Djurdjura. It has been carried out in two forest sites from the localities of Azeffoun and Assi-Youcef, Tizi Ouzou (northern Algeria). Two sampling methods were adopted: manual capture and pitfall traps. Various community metrics were used as key elements to assess ant biodiversity within the two study sites. They included the species richness, the relative abundance, the constancy, and the Shannon-Weaver and equitability indices. Our inventory allowed identifying 24 species belonging to 12 genera and three subfamilies, which are the Myrmicinae (58%), the Formicinae (34%), and the Dolichoderinae (08%). The highest species richness was registered for the two first subfamilies, while the subfamily Dolichoderinae dominated numerically. The Site of Azeffoun, which is more submitted to human activities, recorded higher values in the number of individuals, the species richness, and the Shannon-Weaver diversity index. However, the difference between the two sites consisted mainly of the rare species, such as Crematogaster laestrygon, Goniomma sp. and Palagiolepis sp., which were present in the Azeffoun site. The local site conditions certainly have played a key role in ant species occurrence within the two study areas. Azeffoun is more disturbed than Assi-Youcef, resulting in the recruitment of much more rare and accidental species in the first site. In contrast, the rate of accessory to omnipresent species is substantially higher in Assi-Youcef, which recorded a high species evenness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the ant genus Formica in Kabylia of Djurdjura.

References

Alonso, L.E. (2000). Ants as indicators of diversity. In Agosti D., Majer J.D., Alonso L.E. & Schultz, T.R. Ants - Standard Methods for Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity. Biological Diversity Handbook Series. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, pp. 80-88.

Agosti, D., Majer, J.D., Alonso, L.E. & Schultz, T.R. (2000). Ants - Standard Methods for Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity. Biological Diversity Handbook Series. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, pp. 80-88.

Bakiri, A., (2001). Relation entre les disponibilités trophiques et le régime alimentaire du torcol fourmilier Jynx troquilla mauritanica Rothschild, 1909 (Aves, picidae) en milieu suburbain prés d’Alger. Thèse magister, Inst. Nat. Agro., EL Harrach, 153p.

Barech, G., Khaldi, M., Zedam, A. & Charaf, M. (2016). A first checklist and diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the saline dry lak Chott El Hodna in Algeria, a Ramsar Concervation Wetland. African Entomology, 24 : 143-152. doi: 10.4001/003.024.0143.

Barech, G., Khaldi, M., Boujlal, F.Z. & Espadaler, X. (2018). Diversite et structure de la myrmecofaune aux abords du barrage El Ksob en algerie: nouvelle citation pour Aphaenogaster rupestris Forel, 1909 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 62: 253-258.

Bolton, B. (2021). An Online Catalog of the Ants of the World. www.antcat.org

Belkadi, M.,A. (1990). Biologie de la fourmi des jardins Topinoma simrothi Krausse (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) dans la région de Tizi-ouzou. Thèse de Magister, Université de Tizi Ouzou, 127 p.

Benkhelil, M.L. (1991). Les techniques de récolte et de piégeage utilisées en entomologie terrestre. Ed. Office Pub. Univ. (O.P.U), Alger, 88 p.

Bernard, F. (1973). Comparaison entre quatre forêts côtières Algériens relation entre sol, plante et fourmis. Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle d’Afrique du Nord, 64: 25-37.

Bernard, F. (1976). Contribution à la connaissance de Tapinoma simrothi Krausse, fourmi la plus nuisible aux cultures du Maghreb. Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle d’Afrique du Nord, 67: 87-101.

Bernard, F. (1982). Recherches Ecologiques et biométrique sur la Tapinoma de France et du Maghreb. Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle d’Afrique du Nord, 70: 57-93.

Bernard, F. (1983). Les fourmis et leur milieu en France méditerranéenne. Ed. Le chevallier, Paris, 149p.

Blondel, J. (1979). Biogéographie et écologie. Masson, Paris. 173p.

Bouzekri, M., Daoudi-Hacini, S., Cagniant, H. & Doumandji, S. (2015). Étude comparative des associations (Plantes-Fourmis) dans une région steppique (cas de La région de Djelfa, Algerie). Lebanese Science Journal, 16: 69-77.

Cagniant, H. (1968). Liste préliminaire de fourmis forestières d’Algérie, résultats obtenus de 1963 à 1966. Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse, 104: 138-147.

Cagniant, H. (1969). Deuxième liste de fourmis d’Algérie, récoltées principalement en forêt (1er partie). Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse, 105: 405-430.

Cagniant, H. (1973). Les peuplements des fourmis des forêts algériennes. Ecologie biocénotique, essai biologique. Thèse Doctorat. Univ. Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, 464p.

Cagniant, H. & Espadaler, X. (1997). Le genre Messor au Maroc (Hymenoptera : Formicidae). Annales de la Societé Entomologique de France, 33: 419-434.

Cagniant, H. (2005). Les Crematogaster du Maroc (Hym., Formicidae), clef de détermination et commentaires. Orsis, 20: 7-12.

Cagniant, H. (2006). Liste actualisée des fourmis de Maroc (Hym., Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachirchten, 8: 193-200.

Cagniant, H. (2009). Le genre Cataglyphis Forester, 1850 au Maroc. Orsis, 24: 41-71.

Dartigues, D. (1988). Influence de la fourmi Tapinoma simrothi Krausse sur les pucerons de l’oranger, Toxoptera auantii Boyer, Aphis cricola Goot, et les pucerons noirs de la fève, Aphis fabbae Scop. Inst. Nat. Agro. El-Harrach, 137p.

Dehina, N. (2009). Systématique et essaimage de quelques espèces de fourmis dans deux stations de l’Algérois. Thèse de magister Inst. Nat. Agro, El Harrach, 137 p.

Delabie, J.H.C., Fisher, B.L., Majer, J.D. & Wright, I.W. (2000). Sampling effort and choice of methods. In AGOSTI, D., Majer, J.D., Alonso, L.E. & Schultz, T.R. (Eds.): Ants: standard methods for measuring and monitoring biodiversity. – Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 145-155.

Djioua, O. & Sadoudi-Ali Ahmed, D. (2015). The stand of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in some forest and agricultural areas of Kabylia. International Journal of Zoology and Research, 5: 15-26.

Doumandji, S. & Doumandji, A. (1988). Note sur l’écologie de Crabo quinquenotatus Jurine (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) prédateur de la fourmi des agrumes Tapinoma simrothi Krauss (Hymentoptera, Sphecidae) près d’Alger. Annales de l’Institut National Agronomique El Harrach. 12 (supl.): 101-118.

Emery, C. (1914). Les Pheidole du groupe Megacephala (Formicidae). Revue Zoologique Africaine, 4: 224-250.

Hacini, S. (1995). Place des insectes dans le régime alimentaire de l’hirondelle de cheminée Hirundo rustica Linné, 1758 (Aves, Hirundidae) dans un milieu agricole près de Bordj el Kiffan (Alger). Thèse de Magister, Inst. Nat. Agro. El Harrach, 124p.

Hites, R. A., Foran, J.A., Carpenter, D.O., Hamilton, M.C., Knuth, B.A. & Schwager, S.J. (2004). Global assessment of organic contaminants in farmed salmon. Science, 303: 226-229.

Janine, C.W. (1972). Habitats et comportement nidificateur de Crematogaster scutellaris Olivier (Hym. Formicidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 77: 12-19.

Lapolla, J.S., Suman, T., Sosa-Calvo, J. & Schultz, T.R. (2006). Leaf litter ant diversity in Guiana. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16: 491-510.

Leponce, M., Theunis, L., Delabie, J.H.C. & Roisin, Y. (2004). Scale dependence of diversity measures in leaf-litter ant assemblage. Ecography, 27: 253-267.

Longino, J.T. & Colwell, R.K. (1997). Biodiversity assessment using structured inventory: capturing the ant fauna of a tropical rain forest. Ecological Applications, 7: 1263-1277.

Marinho, C.G.S, Zanetti, R., Delabie, J.H.C, Schlindwein, M.N. & Ramos, L.S. (2002). Diversidade de formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de serapilheira em eucaliptais (Myrtaceae) área de Cerrado de Minas Gerais. Neotropical Entomology, 31: 187-195.

Mcgavin, G.C. (2000). Insects spiders and other terrestrial arthropods. Dorling Kindersley Handbooks. Dorling Kindersley; New York. 256 p.

New, T.R. (1996). Taxonomic focus and quality control in insect surveys for biodiversity conservation. Australian Journal of Entomology, 35: 97-106.

Passera, L. (1984). L’organisation sociale des fourmis. Privat, Toulouse 225p.

Passera, L. (2016). Formidables fourmis!. ISBN 2759225135, 9782759225132. 1-50 p.

Taheri, A., Reyes-Lopez J. & Bennas, N. (2014). Contribution à l’étude de la faune myrmécologique du parc national de talassemtane (Nord du Maroc): Biodiversité, Biogéographie et espèces indicatrices. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 54: 225-236.

Vasconselos, H.L., Macedo, A.C.C. & Vilhena, J.M.S. (2003). Influence of topography on the distribution of ground-dwelling ants in an Amazonian forest. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 38: 115-124.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-13

How to Cite

Sid-Ali, S., Ali-Ahmed Djamila, S., Ali-Ahmed Fatiha, M., Ouiza, O., & Said, S. (2021). Diversity of Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Two Forest Sites from Kabylia of Djurdjura, Northern Algeria. Sociobiology, 68(3). https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v68i3.6232

Issue

Section

Research Article - Ants