Foraging distance of Melipona subnitida Ducke (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Authors

  • Albeane Guimarães Silva Programa de Pós Graduação de Biodiversidade e Conservação - Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Rafael Sousa Pinto Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Felipe Andres Leon Contrera Universidade Federal do Pará
  • Patricia Maia Correia Albuquerque Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Márcia Maria Corrêa Rêgo Universidade Federal do Maranhão

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v61i4.494-501

Keywords:

Artificial feeding, Capture-recapture, Distance, Foragers, Meliponini, Stingless bees

Abstract

The current study aimed at estimating the maximum foraging distance of the stingless bee Melipona subnitida by comparing the efficacy of two methods: training of workers with an artificial feeding source and the capture-recapture technique, which consisted at marking bees that were released at different distances from the nest, after which the number of bees that returned to the colony was recorded. Under the training method, the mean foraging distance of the three colonies studied was 1,120 m and maximum foraging distance of 1,160 m. Yet the number of recruits and reactivated foragers for each colony were quantified, the average maximum distance unil recruitment occurred was 886,66 m. In the capture-recapture method, the maximum flight distance of captured foragers ranged from 3,600 to 4,000 m, which was 2,700 m farther than the maximum flight distance recorded using the artificial feeding method. Therefore, we verified that M. subnitida is a species that can travel long distances in search for food. Our results also suggest that an abundance of resources near the nest can reduce its foraging area.

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Published

2014-12-29

How to Cite

Silva, A. G., Pinto, R. S., Contrera, F. A. L., Albuquerque, P. M. C., & Rêgo, M. M. C. (2014). Foraging distance of Melipona subnitida Ducke (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Sociobiology, 61(4), 494–501. https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v61i4.494-501

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Section

Research Article - Bees

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