Demography of Syagrus harleyi, a stemless palm endemic to the Chapada Diamantina, Bahia State, Brazil

Cezar Neubert Gonçalves, Felipe Weber Mesquita, Fernanda Andrade Viana

Abstract


The stemless palm Syagrus harleyi is endemic to the Chapada Diamantina, and the ecology and biology of the species remain unknown. The aim of this paper is to present the results of an analysis of the demographics of S. harleyi in six populations in the Serra do Sincorá, Bahia State, Brazil. We sampled 30 plots of 5 × 5 m. The height and the number of leaves per rosette (ramet identifiable above ground) were recorded. We also recorded the presence of reproductive structures, the length of the sheaths and if the rosettes occur alone or in clumps. It was found 787 rosettes, with 0.98 rosette per m2. No significant differences were detected between populations. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test found no significant differences in the expected distribution of frequencies of height classes. Most populations had a predominance of intermediate height intervals, but two had a predominantly basal distribution. There were significant differences between sterile and fertile rosettes regarding their height and number of leaves, as well as in number of sheets present in clumps compared to isolated rosettes. The clumps had, on average, 3.91 ± 3.78 rosettes, but two clumps showed 15 and 28 rosettes. The density was found higher than that reported in other works. Studies with other stemless palms also identified the prevalence of intermediate height intervals, a fact credited to episodic recruitment events. However, the vertical growth of the leaves in the early stages of its development can influence plant height. The results indicate that S harleyi may develop as a single rosette or branched individuals forming clumps, which determines four patterns of growth. Comparison with other studies shows that it is difficult to establish ontogenetic patterns in stemless palms, perhaps due to the initial development of these plants, which may occur in the underground.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/scb92

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