Colony Performance of Melipona quadrifasciata (Hymenoptera, Meliponina) in a Greenhouse of Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanaceae)

Bruno Ferreira Bartelli, Alexandre Oliveira Resende Santos, Fernanda Helena Nogueira-Ferreira

Abstract


The use of stingless bees in greenhouses has provided tremendous benefits to diverse crops in terms of productivity and fruit quality. However, knowledge about management techniques in these environments is still scarce. The present study aimed to evaluate the adaptation of Melipona quadrifasciata Lepeletier, 1836 in a greenhouse of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. for its potential use in pollinating this crop. Six nests of M. quadrifasciata were introduced in a greenhouse in Araguari, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. The development of colonies inside the greenhouse was investigated and the foraging behaviour of the workers was assessed before introduction into the greenhouse and again after the nests had been removed. The vital activities of colony maintenance were performed unevenly throughout the day inside and outside the greenhouse, but with confinement the daily period of foraging decreased and bees started collecting pollen from the flowers after approximately six months. The difficulty in orienting to and identifying flowers by the workers was attributed to sunlight diffusion and blockage of ultraviolet radiation caused by the cover on the greenhouse. Structural changes in the greenhouses, as well as improvements in management techniques, are required for better utilization of stingless bees for pollination of plant species grown in greenhouses.


Keywords


stingless bees; management of bees; external activity; resource collection

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alves, K. A. & Rosa, R. (2008). Espacialização de dados climáticos do Cerrado mineiro. Hor. Cient., v. 8, p. 1-28.

Amano, K., Nemoto, T. & Heard, T. (2000). What are stingless bees and why and how to use them as crop pollinators? A review. Jpn. Agric. Res. Q., v. 34, p. 183-190.

Bispo dos Santos, S. A. (2008). Polinização em culturas de manjericão, Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae), berinjela, Solanum melongena L. (Solanaceae) e tomate Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanaceae) por espécies de abelhas sem ferrão (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini). Dissertation (MSc in Entomology), Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto.

Bispo dos Santos, S. A., Roselino, A. C., Hrncir, M. & Bego, L. R. (2009). Pollination of tomatoes by the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata and the honey bee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Genet. Mol. Res., v. 8, p. 751-757.

Briscoe, A. D. & Chittka, L. (2001). The evolution of color vision in insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol., v. 46, p. 471–510.

Buchmann, S. L. (1983). Buzz pollination in angiosperms. In: Jones, C. E. & Little, R. J. (Eds.), Handbook of Experimental Pollination Biology (pp. 73-113). New York: Scientific and Academic Editions.

Buchmann, S. L. & Hurley, J. P. (1978). A biophysical model for buzz pollination in angiosperms. J. Theor. Biol., v. 72, p. 639-657. DOI: 10.1016/0022-5193(78)90277-1.

Camargo, J. M. F. & Pedro, S. R. M. (2012). Meliponini Lepeletier, 1836. In: Moure, J. S., Urban, D. & Melo, G. A. R. (Eds.), Catalogue of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoideae) in the neotropical region – online version (Available in: http://www.moure.cria.org.br/catalogue).

Cruz, D. O. & Campos, L. A. O. (2009). Polinização por abelhas em cultivos protegidos. R. Bras. Agroc., v. 15, p. 5-10.

Cruz, D. O., Freitas, B. M., Silva, L. A., Silva, E. M. S. & Bomfim, I. G. A. (2005). Pollination efficiency of the stingless bee Melipona subnitida on greenhouse sweet pepper. Pesq. Agropec. Bras., v. 40, p. 1197-1201.

Cuypers, J. (1968). Using honeybees for pollinating crops under glass. Bee World, v. 49, p. 72-76.

Del Sarto, M. C. L. (2005). Avaliação de Melipona quadrifasciata Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Apidae) como polinizador da cultura do tomateiro em cultivo protegido. Dissertation (MSc in Entomology), Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa.

Del Sarto, M. C. L., Peruquetti, R. C. & Campos, L. A. O. (2005). Evaluation of the neotropical stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata (Hymenoptera: Apidae) as pollinator of greenhouse tomatoes. J. Econ. Entomol., v. 98, p. 260-266. DOI: 10.1603/0022-0493-98.2.260.

Dyer, F. C. (1994). Spatial cognition and navigation in insects. In: Real, L. A. (Ed.), Behavioral mechanisms in evolutionary ecology (pp. 66-98). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Electro Plastic. (2013). E.L.V – Difusor Antivírus. Available in:

Farias, J. R. B., Bergamaschi, H., Martins, S. R. & Berlato, M. A. (1993). Efeito da cobertura plástica de estufa sobre a radiação solar. Rev. Brasil. Agrometeorologia, v. 1, p. 31-36.

Fidalgo, A. O. & Kleinert, A. M. P. (2007). Foraging behavior of Melipona rufiventris Lepeletier (Apinae, Meliponini) in Ubatuba/SP, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol., v. 67, p. 137-144.

Free, J. B. (1993). Insect pollination of crops. San Diego: Academic.

Heard, T. A. (1999). The role of stingless bees in crop pollination. Ann. Rev. Entom., v. 44, p. 183-206. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ento.44.1.183.

Imperatriz-Fonseca, V. L., Saraiva, A. M., De Jong, D. (2006). Information technology and pollinators iniciatives. In: Imperatriz-Fonseca, V. L., Saraiva, A. M. & De Jong, D. (Eds.), Bees as pollinators in Brazil: assessing the status and suggesting best practices (pp. 20-20). Ribeirão Preto: Holos Editora.

Kerr, W. E. (1973). Sun compass orientation in the stingless bees Trigona (Trigona) spinipes (Fabricius, 1793) (Apidae). An. Acad. Brasil. Ciênc., v. 45, p. 301-308.

Köppen, W. (1948). Climatologia: con un estudio de los climas de la tierra. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Econômica.

Kovach, W. L. (2011). Oriana – Circular Statistics for Windows, ver. 4. Kovach Computing Services, Pentraeth, Wales, U.K.

Malagodi-Braga, K. S. (2002). Estudo de agentes polinizadores em cultura de morango (Fragaria x ananassa Duchesne – Rosaceae). Thesis (Doctorate in Sciences - Ecology Area), Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo.

Malagodi-Braga, K. S., Kleinert, A. M. P. & Imperatriz-Fonseca, V. L. (2004). Abelhas sem ferrão e polinização. R. Tecn. Amb., v. 10, p. 59-70.

McGregor, S. E. (1976). Insect pollination of cultivated crop plants. Washington: United States Department of Agriculture.

Michener, C. D. (2007). The bees of the world. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Nogueira-Neto, P. (1997). Vida e criação de abelhas indígenas sem ferrão. São Paulo: Edições Nogueirapis.

Nunes-Silva, P., Hrncir, M. & Imperatriz-Fonseca, V. L. (2010). A polinização por vibração. Oecol. Aust., v. 14, p. 140-151. DOI: 10.4257/oeco.2010.1401.07.

Roselino, A. C., Santos, S. B., Hrncir, M. & Bego, L. R. (2009). Differences between the quality of strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa) pollinated by the stingless bees Scaptotrigona aff. depilis and Nannotrigona testaceicornis. Genet. Mol. Res., v. 8, p. 539-545.

Roselino, A. C., Bispo dos Santos, S. A. & Bego, L. R. (2010). Qualidade dos frutos de pimentão (Capsicum annuum L.) a partir de flores polinizadas por abelhas sem ferrão (Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides Lepeletier 1836 e Melipona scutellaris Latreille 1811) sob cultivo protegido. R. Bras. Bioci., v. 8, p. 154-158.

Schwengber, F. E., Peil, R. M. N., Martins, S. R. & Assis, F. N. (1996). Comportamento de duas cultivares de morangueiro em estufa plástica em Pelotas – RS. Hortic. Bras., v. 14, p. 143-147.

Shashar, N. & Cronin, T. W. (1998). The polarization of light in a Tropical Rain Forest. Biotropica, v. 30, p. 275-285.

Silveira, F. A., Melo, G. A. R. & Almeida, E. A. B. (2002). Abelhas brasileiras: sistemática e identificação. Belo Horizonte: Fundação Araucária.

Zar, J. H. (2010). Biostatistical Analysis - Fifth Edition. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall/Pearson.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v61i1.60-67

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604