Nesting biology, seasonality and host range of sweat bee, Hoplonomia westwoodi (Gribodo) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Nomiinae)

Amala Udayakumar, Timalapur M. Shivalingaswamy


Nesting biology and Seasonal dynamics of Halictid bee, Hoplonomia westwoodi (Nomiinae: Halictidae) was studied at ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources (NBAIR) Bengaluru, Yelahanka Campus (13.096792N, 77.565976E) India from July 2016 to May 2017. The bee built subterranean nests on a leveled soil surface with turrets with main shaft running to a depth of 70.1 cm. In total, nineteen cells were observed in clusters at diferente depths. Different life stages of the bee were observed in the cells. The life cycle of the bee was completed in 41.80 days. The bees were found actively foraging on different flora belonging to the different families like Acanthaceae, Asteraceae, Convolvulaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Polygonaceae, Rubiaceae and Solanceae throughout the year with the peak population during the months of June to November. Marked preference and behavior of buzz pollination was observed on the flowers of Solanaceous crops like tomato and eggplant.


Hoplonomia westwoodi, Nomiinae, Seasonality, Solanaceae

Full Text:



Amala, U., & Shivalingaswamy, T. M. (2017). Role of native buzz pollinator bees in enhancing fruit and seed set in tomatoes under open field conditions. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(3): 1742-1744

Batra, S.W.T. (1966). Social behavior and Nests of some Nomiine bees in India (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Insectes Sociaux, 13: 145-154

Buchmann, S.L. (2000). Buzz pollination in Angiosperms. Handbook on Pollination Biology. 73-113.

Cane, J. H., Minckley, R. L., Kervin, L., & Roulston, T. H. (2006). Complex responses within a desert bee guild (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) to Urban habitat fragmentation. Ecological Applications, 16:632–644.

Greenleaf, S.S., & Kremen, C. (2006). Wild bee species increase tomato production and respond differently to surrounding land use in Northern California. Biological Conservation, 13(1):81-87. doi:10.1016/2006.05.025.

Harter, B., Leistikow, C., Wilm, S, W., Truylio, B., & Engels, W. (2002). Bees collecting pollen from flowers with poricidal anthers in a south Brazilian Araucaria forest: a community study. Journal of Apicultural Research, 40(1-2): 9-16. doi:10.1080/00218839.2002.11101063.

Hogendoorn K, Gross CL, Sedgley M, Keller MA. (2006). Increased tomato yield through pollination by native Australian Amegilla chlorocyanea (Hymenoptera: Anthophorinae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 99(3):828-833.

King, J., & Buchmann, S.L. (2003). Floral sonication by bees: mesosomal vibration by Bombus and Xylocopa, but not Apis (Hymenoptera: Apidae), ejects pollen from poricidal anthers. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 76(2): 295-305.

Klein, A.M., Vaissiere, B., Cane, J.H., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Cunningham, S.A., Kremen, C., & Tscharntke, T. (2007). Importance of crop pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings. Biological Sciences, 274 (1608): 303-313. doi:10.1098/rspb.2006.3721.

Packer, L., Sampson, B., Lockerbie, C., & Jessom, V. (1988). Nest architecture and brood mortality in four species of sweat bee (Hymenoptera; Halictidae) from Cape Breton Island. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67: 2864-2870

Santos AOR, Bartelli BF, Nogueira-Ferreira FH. (2014). Potential pollinators of tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanaceae), in open crops and the effect of a solitary bee in fruit set and quality. Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(3):987-994.

Shebl, M.A., Al Aser, R.M., & Ibrahim, A. (2016). Nesting Biology and Seasonality of Long-Horned Bee Eucera nigrilabris Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Sociobiology, 63(4): 1031-1037.

Tommasi, D., Miro, A., Higo, H.A., & Winston, M.L. (2004). Bee diversity and abundance in an urban setting. Canadian Entomologist, 136, 851–869.

Wanigasekara, R. W. M. U. M., & Karunaratne, W. A. I. P. (2012). Efficiency of Buzzing Bees in Fruit Set and Seed Set of Solanum violaceum in Sri Lanka. Psyche, 1-7. doi:10.1155/2012/231638

Wcislo, W.T. 1993. Communal nesting in a North American pearly-banded bee, Nomia tetrazonata, with notes on nesting behavior of Dieunomia heteropoda (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Nomiinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 86(6):814-821



  • There are currently no refbacks.

JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604