Bionomic Aspects of the Solitary Bee Tetrapedia diversipes Klug, 1810 (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Tetrapediini)

Arianne Moreira Cavalcante, Cláudia Inês da Silva, Angela Maria da Silva Gomes, Gercy Soares Pinto, Isac Gabriel Abrahão Bomfim, Breno Magalhães Freitas


The study aimed to describe bionomic aspects of Tetrapedia diversipes Klug, 1810 in order to allow the conservation or breeding of these bees. The nesting biology was studied using trap nests made with cardboard-paper tubes and plastic straws during the period between December 2014 and September 2015, in the Bee Unit of the Federal University of Ceará, Brazil. A total of 135 nests were obtained with 593 brood cells, from which emerged 448 adults and individuals of two parasitic species. The proportion of females (n = 297) was higher than that of males (n = 151) resulting in a sex ratio of 1.97:1. The total mortality in the nests was 24.45% and the majority of deaths recorded occurred at the pupal stage (33.1%). During their reproductive life, females of this bee species were able to construct up to 16 brood cells. The trap-nests removal and transfer to the laboratory shortly after finished by the bees reduced the attack of natural enemies.


Nest structure. Nests-trap. Multivoltine bees

Full Text:



Aguiar, A.J.C. & Martins, C.F. (2002). Abelhas e vespas solitárias em ninhos-armadilha na Reserva Biológica Guaribas (Mamanguape, Paraíba, Brasil). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 19 (Suppl. 1): 101-116. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752002000500005.

Aguiar, C.M.L. & Garófalo, C.A. (2004). Nesting biology of Centris (Hemisiella) tarsata Smith (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 21: 477-486. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752004000300009

Aguiar, C.M.L., Garófalo, C.A. & Almeida, G.F. (2005). Trap-nesting bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in areas of dry semideciduous forest and caatinga, Bahia, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22: 1030-1038. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752005000400031.

Aguiar, C.M.L., Garófalo, C.A. & Almeida, G.F. (2005). Trap-nesting bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in areas of dry semideciduous forest and caatinga, Bahia, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22: 1030-1038. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752005000400031.

Aguiar, C.M.L., Medeiros, R.L.S. & Almeida, G.F. (2013). Mortalidade da prole em duas espécies de Centris (Hymenoptera, Apidae) em uma área urbana. Revista Magistra, Cruz das Almas-BA, 25: 37-42.

Alves-dos-Santos, I., Melo, G.A.R. & Rozen J.G. (2002). Biology and immature stages of the bee tribe Tetrapediini (Hymenoptera: Apidae). American Museum Novitates, 3377: 1-45. doi: 10.1206/0003-0082(2002)377<0001:baisot>2.0.CO;2.

Alves-dos-Santos, I. (2002). A vida de uma abelha solitária. Ciência Hoje, Rio de Janeiro, 179: 60-62. (accessed date: 12 December, 2017).

Alves-dos-Santos, I., Machado, I.C. & Gaglianone, M.C. (2007). História Natural das abelhas coletoras de óleo. Oecologia Brasiliensis, 11: 544-557.

Batra, S.W.T. (1984). Solitary Bees. Scientific American, 250: 120-127.

Bernardino, A.S. & M.C. Gaglianone. (2008). Nest distribution and nesting habits of Xylocopa ordinaria Smith (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in a restinga area in the northern Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 52: 434–440. doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262008000300017.

Boesi R., Polidori C. & Andrietti F. (2009). Searching for the right target: oviposition and feeding behavior in Bombylius bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae). Zoological Studies, 48: 141–150.

Camarotti-de-Lima, M.F., Martins, C.F. (2005). Biologia de nidificação e aspectos ecológicos de Anthodioctes lunatus (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae, Anthidiini) em área de tabuleiro nordestino, PB. Neotropical Entomology, 34: 375-380. doi: 10.1590/S1519-566X2005000300003.

Camillo, E. (2005). Nesting biology of four Tetrapedia species in trap-nests (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Tetrapediini). Revista de Biologia Tropical, 53: 175-186. doi: 10.15517/rbt.v53i1-2.14412.

Capaldi, E., Flynn, C.J. & Wcislo W.T. (2007). Sex ratio and nest observations of Euglossa hyacinthina (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossini). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 80: 395-399. doi: 10.2317/00228567 (2007)80[395: SRANOO]2.0.CO;2.

Cordeiro, G.D., Taniguchi, M., Flechtmann, C.H.W. & Alves-dos-Santos, I. (2011). Phoretic mites (Acari: Chaetodactylidae) associated with the solitary bee Tretapedia diversipes (Apidae: Tetrapediini). Apidologie, 42: 128-139. doi: 10.1007/s13592-013-0235-4.

Gerling D. & Hermann H. (1976). The oviposition and life cycle of Anthrax tigrinus (Dipt.: Bombyliidae) a parasite of carpenter bees (Hym.: Xylocopidae) Entomophaga, 21: 227-233. doi: 10.1007/BF02371755.

Instituto de Pesquisas e Estratégia Econômica do Ceará [IPECE] (2016). Perfil básico municipal. Fortaleza - CE. (accessed date: 23 July 2018).

Marques, M.F. & Gaglianone, M.C. (2013). Biologia de nidificação e variação altitudinal na abundância de Megachile (melanosarus) nigripennis spinola (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae) em um inselbergue na mata atlântica, Rio de Janeiro. Bioscience Journal, Uberlândia, 29: 198-208. Retrived from:

Mendes, F.N. & Rêgo, M.M.C. (2007). Nidificação de Centris (Hemisiella) tarsata Smith (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) em ninhos armadilha no Nordeste do Maranhão, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 51: 382-388. doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262007000300017.

Menezes, G.B., Gonçalves-ESteves, V., Bastos, E.M.A.F., Augusto, S.C. & Gaglianone, M.C. (2012). Nesting and use of pollen resources by Tetrapedia diversipes Klug (Apidae) in Atlantic Forest areas (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) in different stages of regeneration. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 56: 86-94. doi: 10.1590/S0085-56262012000100014.

Michener, C.D. (1974). The social behavior of the bees: a comparative study. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 418 p.

Michener, C.D. (2007). The Bees of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 2nd Ed, 953 p.

Morato, E.F. (2001). Biologia e ecologia de Anthodioctes moratoi Urban (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae, Anthidiini) em matas contínuas e fragmentos na Amazônia Central, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 18: 729-736. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752001000300009.

Moure, J.S. (2012). ). Tetrapediini Michener & Moure, 1957. In Moure, J.S., Urban, D. & Melo, G.A.R. (Orgs). Catalogue of Bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region - online version. Available at (accessed date: 17 July 2018)

Neves, C.M. de L., Carvalho, C.A.L., Souza, V.A. & De Lima Junior, C.A. (2012). Morphometric characterization of a population of Tetrapedia diversipes in restricted areas in Bahia, Brazil ( Hymenoptera: Apidae ). Sociobiology, 59: 767–782. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v59i3.546.

Neves, C.M. de L., Carvalho, C.A.L., Machado, C.S., Aguiar, C.M.L. & Sousa, F.S.M. (2014). Pollen consumed by the solitary bee Tetrapedia diversipes (Apidae: Tetrapediini) in a tropical agroecosystem. Grana, 53: 302-308. doi: 10.1080/00173134.2014.931455.

Oliveira, R., Martins, C.F., Zanella, F. & Schlindwein, C. (2014). Abelhas solitárias produzem acerolas. Rio de Janeiro, Funbio, 28 p.

Pereira, M. & Garófalo, C.A. (2010). Biologia da nidificação de Xylocopa frontalis e Xylocopa grisescens (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Xylocopini) em ninhos-armadilha. Oecologia Australis, 14: 193-209. doi: 10.4257/oeco.2010.1401.11.

Pinto, N.P.O. (2005). Estudo de Caso: a reutilização de células de ninho abandonado de Polistes (Aphanilopterus) simillimus Zikán, 1951 (Hymenoptera:Vespidae, Polistinae) por Tetrapedia (Tetrapedia) diversipes Klug, 1810 (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Apinae). Revista de Etologia, 7: 67-74. (accessed date: 20 November 2017).

Roubik, D.W. (1989). Ecology and Natural History of the tropical bees. Cambridge University Press, New York. 514p

Rocha-Filho, L.C. & Garófalo, C.A. (2015). Natural history of Tetrapedia diversipes (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in an atlantic semi deciduous forest remnant surrounded by coffee crops, Coffea arabica (Rubiaceae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 9: 183-197. doi: 10.1093/aesa/sav153.

Rocha-Filho, L.C., Serrano, J.C. & Garófalo, C.A. (2017). Coelioxoides piscicauda sp. nov., a new cuckoo bee from southeastern Brazil with a key to the species of Coelioxoides Cresson (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Zootaxa, 4363: 535–543. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4363.4.5.

Torchio P. F. & Tepedino V. J. (1980). Sex ratio, body size and seasonality in solitary bee, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Evolution, 34: 993-1003. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.1980.tb04037.x.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604