The Effect of Forest Fragmentation on Polistinae

Ederson Tadeu Bueno, Marcos Magalhães de Souza, Mateus Aparecido Clemente

Abstract


The forest fragmentation is caused by natural or anthropic actions, which affect negatively the biota and the environmental services rendered by biological diversity. However, there is little information on the reflex of these actions in many different groups of animals, such as social wasps, which are abundant and significantly present in neotropical environments, causing a major impact in the communities they live due to their role in food webs. As their natural enemies, wasps are important in the control of agricultural plagues; in the natural environment, they are nectar collectors, frequent flower visitors, and potential pollinators of many species of plants. These factors justify studies which would evaluate in what way the forest fragmentation acts on these insects biodiversity. This study was carried out in four fragments, each of a different size, located in the municipalities of Inconfidentes and Ouro Fino, in the south of the state of Minas Gerais (Brazil), where the phytophysiognomy is the Montane Semideciduous Seasonal Forest. The research was carried out between December 2016 and March 2018, with the same sampling collection for each fragment, totalizing 104 sampling days. In total, 28 species and 51 colonies were recorded in the four areas and a greater richness for the greatest fragment (F4). The conclusion reached was that the size and heterogeneity of the fragment have an important role in maintaining the richness of social wasps. 

Keywords


Atlantic Rainforest; Vespidae; Pseudopolybia; Mischocyttarus; Epiponini.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bichara-Filho, C.C., Santos, G.M.M., Resende, J.J., Cruz, J.D., Gobbi, N. and Machado, V.L.L. (2009). Foraging behavior of the swarm-founding wasp, Polybia (Trichothorax) sericea (Hymenoptera, Vespidae): prey capture and load capacity. Sociobiology, 53(1): 61-69.

Blandón, A.C., Perelman, S.B., Ramírez, M., López, A., Javier, O. and Robbins, C.S. (2016). Temporal Bird community dynamics are strongly affected by landscape fragmentation in a Central American tropical forest region. Biodiversity and Conservation, 25: 311–330. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-016-1049-2

Carpenter, J.M. and Marques, O.M. (2001). Contribuição ao Estudo dos Vespídeos do Brasil. Salvador, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Departamento de Fitotecnia. Série Publicações Digitais, v. 3, CD.

Carpenter, J. M. and Andena, S. R. (2013). The vespidae of Brazil. Manaus: Instituto nacional de Pesquisa da Amazônia, 42 p.

Clemente, M. A., Lange D., Del–Claro, K, Prezoto, F., Campos N. R. and Barbosa B. C. (2012). Flower-visiting social wasps and plants interaction: network pattern and environmental complexity. Psyche: 1-10. DOI: 10.1155/2012/478431

Costa, R.B. (2003). Fragmentação florestal e alternativas de desenvolvimento rural na região Centro-Oeste. Campo Grande: UCDB, 246 p.

Cruz, J. D., Giannotti, E., Santos, G. M. M., Bichara filho, C. C. and da Rocha, A. A.( 2006). Nest Site Selection and Flying Capacity of Neotropical Wasp Angiopolybia pallens (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in the Atlantic Rain Forest, Bahia State, Brazil. Sociobiology, 47(3): 739-749.

Dean, W. (1997). A ferro e fogo: a história e a devastação da

Mata Atlântica brasileira. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 484p.

Devictor, V., Julliard, R. and Jiguet, F. (2008). Distribution of specialist and generalist species along spatial gradients of habitat disturbance and fragmentation. Oikos, 117: 507–514. DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16215.x

Francisco, G. S., Souza, M. M., Clemente, M. A. and Brunismann, Â. G. (2018). Substrato vegetal utilizado para nidificação de vespas sociais (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) em Floresta Decidual. Revista Agrogeoambiental, 10(3): 35-45. DOI: 10.18406/2316-1817v10n320181162.

Fox, B.J. and Fox, M.D. (2000). Factors determining mammal species richness on habitat islands and isolates: habitat diversity, disturbance, species interactions and guild assembly rules. Global Ecol. Biogeogr., 9: 19–37. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00184.x

Gaston, K. J. (2010). Valuing common species. Science, 327: 154–155. DOI: 10.1126/science.1182818

Gomes, L., Gomes, G., Oliveira, H.G., Junior, J.J.M., Desuó, I.C., Silva, I.M., Shima, S.N. and Zuben, C.J.V. (2007). Foraging by Polybia (Trichothorax) ignobilis (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) on flies at animal carcasses. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 51: 389-393. DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262007000300018

Graça, M. B. and Somavilla, A. (2018). Effects of forest fragmentation on community patterns of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Central Amazon. Austral Entomology. DOI: 10.1111/aen.12380

Hunt, J.H., o’Donnell, S., Chernoff, N. and Brownie, C. (2001). Observations on two neotropical swarn-founding wasps Agelaia yepocapa and Agelaia panamaensis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 94: 555-562. DOI: 10.1603/0013-8746(2001)094[0555:OOTNSF]2.0.CO;2

Hunt, J.H. (2007). The evolution of social wasps. Oxford University

Krebs, C.J. (1998). Ecological methodology. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 620 p.

Kruess, A. and Tscharntke, T. (2000). Species richness and parasitism in a fragmented landscape: experiments and field studies with insects on Vicia sepium. Oecologia, 122: 129–137. DOI: 10.1007/PL00008829

Laurance, S.G.( 2004). Responses of understory rainforest birds to road edges in central Amazonia. Ecol. Appl., 14: 1344–1357. DOI: 10.1890/03-5194

Laurance, W.F., Nascimento, H., Laurance, S.G., Andrade, A., Fearnside, P.M. and Ribeiro, J., (2006). Rain forest fragmentation and the proliferation of successional trees. Ecology, 87: 469–482. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/05-0064

Lovejoy, T.E., Bierregaard, R.O., Rylands, A., Malcolm, J., Quintela, C., Harper, L., Brown, K., Powell, A., Powell, G., Schubart, H. and Hays, M. (1986). Edge and other effects of isolation on Amazon forest fragments. In: Soule´, M.E. (Ed.), Conservation Biology: The Science of Scarcity and Diversity. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts: 257–285.

Matthews, T.J., Cottee-Jones, H. E. and Whittaker, R.J. (2014). Habitat fragmentation and the species-area relationship: a focus on total species richness obscures the impact of habitat loss on habitat specialists. Diversity and Distributions, 20: 1136–1146. DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12227

Morato, E. F., and Campos, L. A. D. O. (2000). Effects of forest fragmentation on solitary wasps and bees in an area in Central Amazônia. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 17(2): 429-444. DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752000000200014

Myers, N., R. A., Mittermeier, C. G., Mittermeier, G. A. B., Da Fonseca, and J. Kent. (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, London 403: 853–845. DOI: 10.1038/35002501

Nascimento, H., Andrade, A., Camargo, J., Laurance, W.F., Laurance, S.G. and Ribeiro, J. (2006). Effects of the surrounding matrix on tree recruitment in Amazonian forest fragments. Conserv. Biol., 20: 853–860. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00344.x

Nordén, J., Penttilä, R., Siitonen, J., Tomppo, E. and Ovaskainen, O. (2013). Specialist species of wood-inhabiting fungi struggle while generalists thrive in the fragmented boreal forests. Journal of Ecology, 101: 701–712. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12085

Oliveira-Filho, A. T, Jarenkow, J. A. and Rodal, M. J. N. (2006). Floristic relations hips of seasonally dry forests of eastern South America basedon tree species distribution patterns. In Neotropical savannas and seasonally dry forests: plant diversity, biogeography, and conservation (R.T. Pennington, G.P. Lewis & J. Ratter, eds.). Taylor & Francis CRC Press, Oxford: 59-192. DOI: 10.1201/9781420004496.ch7

Prezoto, F., Lima, M.A.P. and Machado, V.L.L. (2005). Survey of preys captured and used by Polybia platycephala (Richards) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Epiponini). Neotropical Entomology, 34: 849-851. DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2005000500019

Rizzini, C.T. (1997).Tratado de Fitogeografia do Brasil: aspectos ecológicos, sociológicos e florísticos. Âmbito Cultural. Rio de Janeiro: Edições Ltda, 747p.

Santos, G. M. M., Aguiar, C. M. L. and Gobbi, N. (2006). Characterization of the social wasp guild (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) visiting flowers in the Caatinga (Itatim, Bahia, Brazil). Sociobiology, 47: 1-12.

Santos, G. M. M., Bichara Filho, C. C., Resende, J. J., Cruz, J. D. and Marques, O. M. (2007). Diversity and community structure of social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in three ecosystems in Itaparica Island, Bahia State, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 36: 180-185. DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2007000200002

Santos, G.M.M., Cruz, J.D., Marques, O.M. and Gobbi, N. (2009). Diversidade de vespas Sociais (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) em áreas de cerrado na Bahia. Neotropical Entomology, 38: 317-320.

Schwartz-filho, D.L., Laroca, S. and Malkowski, S.R. (2004). Livro vermelho da fauna ameaçada no Paraná. Abelhas. http://celepar7.pr.gov.br/livrovermelho/ acesso em 08/04/18.

Silveira, O. T. (2002). Surveying neotropical social wasps. An evaluation of methods in the “Ferreira Penna” Research Station (ECFPn), in Caxiuana, PA, Brazil (Hymenoptera.,Vespidae, Polistinae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 42: 299-323. DOI: 10.1590/S0031-10492002001200001

Souza, M. M. and Prezoto, F. (2006). Diversity of social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in Semideciduous forest and cerrado (savanna) regions in Brazil. Sociobiology, 4: 135-147.

Souza, M. M., Louzada, J., Serrão, J. E. and Zanuncio, J. C. (2010). Social wasps (Hymenoptra: Vespidae) as indicators of conservation degree of riparian forests in south east Brazil. Sociobiology, 56: 1-10.

Souza, M. M., Pires, E. P., Ferreira, M., Ladeira, T. E., Pereira, M., Elpino-Campos, A. and Zanuncio, J. C. (2012). Biodiversidade de vespas sociais (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) do Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais, Brasil. MG Biota, 5: 04-19

Souza, M.M. and Zanuncio, J.C. (2012). Marimbondos-Vespas Sociais (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Viçosa: Editora UFV, 79p.

Souza, M. M., Pires, E. P., Elpino-Campos, A. and Louzada, J. N. C. (2014). Nesting of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in a riparian forest of rio das Mortes in South easter in Brazil. Acta Scientiarum, 36: 189-196. Doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v36i2.21460

Souza, M. M., Perillo, L.N., Barbosa, B.C. and Prezoto, F. (2015a). Use of flight interception traps of Malaise type and attractive traps for social wasps record (Vespidae: Polistinae). Sociobiology, 62: 450-456. DOI: 10.13102/sociobiology.v62i3.708

Souza, M. M., Pires, E. P., Silva-Filho, R. and Ladeira, T. E. (2015b). Community of social wasps Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in areas of Semideciduous Seasonal Montane Forest. Sociobiology, 62: 598-603. DOI: 10.13102/sociobiology.v62i4.445

Tischendorf, L. and Fahrig, L. (2000). On the usage and measurement of landscape connectivity. Oikos, 90: 7–19. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0706.2000.900102.x

Tscharntke, T., Steffan-dewenter, I., Krues, A. and Thies, C. (2002). Characteristics of insect populations on habitat fragments: a mini review. Ecological Research, 17: 229–239. DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1703.2002.00482.x.

Viana, V.M. and Tabanez, A.A.J. (1996). Biology and conservation of forest fragments in the Brazilian Atlantic moist forest. In: Forest patches in tropical landscapes. Island Press: 151-167.

Viana, V. M. and Pinheiro, L. A. F. V. (1998).Conservação da biodiversidade em fragmentos florestais. Série técnica IPEF, 12: 25-42,

Wenzel, J.W. (1991). The evolution of nest architecture in the social vespids. In: The social biology of wasps. Cornell University Press, Ithaca: 480–519.

Wenzel, J. W. and Carpenter, J. M. (1994). Comparing methods: adaptive traits and tests of adaptation. Phylogenetics and ecology, 17: 79-101.

Woodroffe, R. and Ginsberg, J.R. (1998). Edge effects and the extinction of populations inside protected areas. Science, 280: 2126–2128. DOI: 10.1126/science.280.5372.2126

Wright, S.J., Stoner, K.E., Beckman, N., Corlett, R.T., Dirzo, R., Muller-Landau, H.C., Nunez-Iturri, G., Peres, C.A. and Wang, B.C. (2007). The plight of large animals in tropical forests and the consequences for plant regeneration. Biotropica, 39: 289–291. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00293.x




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v66i3.4378

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2019: 0.690