New Distribution Record of Reticulitermes speratus Kolbe (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in the Coldest Highland in Central Japan

Etsuro Takagi, Takahiro Ogai

Abstract


The distribution of Reticulitermes speratus Kolbe was investigated in the Sugadaira highland, the coldest area in central Japan. We found R. speratus in an empty lot in June 2013. The following spring, we found the overwintered termites in the log, which had been naturally covered in snow. Conversely, the population size in the empty lot had decreased from April through June 2014. Moreover, R. speratus were not found in the forest. These suggest that the individuals found in the empty lot had been artificially introduced and the establishment might be difficult in the coldest areas in Japan.

Keywords


establishment; invasion; Japanese termite; cold tolerance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aoyama, S. & Murakami, T. (2003). The northernmost point of the Japanese termite, Reticulitermes sperarus in Hokkaido. Pestology 18: 59–63. (in Japanese with English summary)

Austin, J.W., Szalanski, A.L., Uva, P., Bagnéres, A-G. & Kence, A. (2002). A comparative genetic analysis of the subterranean termite genus Reticulitermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 95: 753–760. doi: 10.1603/0013-8746(2002)095[0753:ACGAOT]2.0.CO;2

Donovan, S.E., Eggleton, P., Dubbin, W.E., Batchelder, M. & Didog, L. (2001). The effect of a soil-feeding termite, Cubitermes fungifaber (Isoptera: Termitidae) on soil properties: termites may be an important source of soil microhabitat heterogeneity in tropical forests. Pedobiologia 45: 1–11. doi: 10.1078/0031-4056-00063

Holt, J.A. & Lepage, M. (2000). Termites and soil properties. In: Abe, T., Bignell, D.E. & Higashi, M. (Eds.) Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology (pp. 389–407). Kluwer Academic Publishing, Netherlands.

Kim, M.-J., Choi, Y.-S., Kim, J.-J. & Kim, G.-H. (2012). Molecular characteristics of subterranean termites of the genus Reticulitermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) from Korea. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 105: 97–102. doi: 10.1603/AN11078

Park, Y.C., Kitade, O., Schwarz, M., Kim, J.P. & Kim, W. (2006). Intraspecific molecular phylogeny, genetic variation and phylogeography of Reticulitermes speratus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Mol. Cells. 21: 89–103.

The Japan Meteorological Agency (2014). Climate statistics. http://www.data.jma.go.jp. (accessed data: 24 April, 2014)

Su, N.-Y. (2002). Novel technologies for subterranean termite control. Sociobiology 40: 95–101.

Sugimoto, A., Bignell, D.E. & MacDonald, J.A. (2000). Global impact of termites on the carbon cycle and atmospheric trace gases. In: Abe, T., Bignell, D.E. & Higashi, M. (Eds.) Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology (pp. 409–435). Kluwer Academic Publishing, Netherlands.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v62i3.595

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604