Taxonomic Studies on the Ant Genus Strumigenys Smith, 1860 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with Report of Two New Species and Five New Records Including a Tramp Species from India

Himender Bharti, Shahid A Akbar

Abstract


The Indian species of the ant genus Strumigenys Smith, 1860 are keyed. 24 species are recognized two of which are described as new and five represent new records to India. The 24 Indian species are: S. aduncomala de Andrade, 2007; S. assamensis de Andrade, 1994; S. emmae (Emery, 1890); S. exilirhina Bolton, 2000; S. fixata Bolton, 2000; S. godeffroyi Mayr, 1866; S. habropilosa Bolton, 2000; S. hemisobek (Bolton, 2000); S. hostilis Bolton, 2000; S. hypoturba Bolton, 2000; S. lyroessa (Roger, 1859); S. membranifera Emery, 1869; S. mitis (Brown, 2000); S. mukkaliensis sp. n.; S. mutica (Brown, 1949); S. nannosobek (Bolton, 2000); S. nanzanensis Lin & Wu, 1996; S. nepalensis de Andrade, 1994; S. peraucta Bolton, 2000; S. podarge (Bolton, 2000); S. rogeri Emery, 1890; S. smythiesii Forel, 1902; S. thanikkudyensis sp. n. and  S. virgila Bolton, 2000. 5 species S. hemisobek; S. mitis; S. mutica; S. nannosobek and S. rogeri represent first records from India. Among these S. rogeri is a tramp species which extends its limit to India as well. A revised key to the Indian ants of this genus is also provided herewith.

Keywords


Myrmicinae; Dacetini; New species; Tramp; New records; Indian ants

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baroni Urbani, C. & de Andrade, M.L. (1994). First description of fossil Dactini ants with a critical analysis of the current classification of the tribe. (Amber Collection Stuttgart: Hymenoptera, Formicidae. VI: Dacetini.) Stuttg. Beiträge Nat. Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 198: 1-65.

Baroni Urbani, C. & de Andrade, M.L. (2007). The ant tribe Dacetini: limits and constituent genera, with descriptions of new species. Ann. Mus. Civ. Storia Nat. “G. Doria” 99: 1-191.

Bharti, H. (2011). List of Indian Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Halteres, 3: 79-87.

Bolton, B. (1994). Identification guide to the ant genera of the World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 222p

Bolton, B. (1995). A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World: 504 pp. Cambridge, Mass.

Bolton, B. (1999). Ant genera of the tribe Dacetonini. J. Nat. Hist.,33: 1639-1689.

Bolton, B. (2000). The ant tribe Dacetini. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst., 65: 1028 pp.

Bolton, B. (2013) An online catalog of the Ants of the World. Antcat. http://www.antcat.org/ (accessed July 14, 2013).

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1948). A preliminary generic revision of the higher Dacetini. T. Am. Entomol. Soc., 74: 101-129.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1949a). Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini. 3. Epitritus Emery and Quadristruma new genus. T. Am. Entomol. Soc., 75: 43-51.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1949b). Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini. 1. Fauna of Japan, China and Taiwan. Mushi, 20: 1-25.

Brown, W. L., Jr. (1949c). Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini: IV. Some genera properly excluded from the Dacetini, with the establishment of the Basicerotini new tribe. T. Am. Entomol. Soc., 75: 83-96.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1950a). Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini. 2. Glamyromyrmex Wheeler and closely related small genera. T. Am. Entomol. Soc., 76: 27-36.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1950b). Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini. 5. The delimitation of Arnoldidris, new genus. T. Am. Entomol. Soc., 76: 143-145.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1952a). Revision of the ant genus Serrastruma. Bul. Mus. Compar. Zool. Harvard Col., 107: 67-86.

Brown, W. L., Jr. (1952b). The dacetine ant genus Mesostruma Brown. T. R. Soc. South Austr., 75:9-13.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1953a). Revisionary studies in the ant tribe Dacetini. Am. Mid. Nat., 50: 1-137.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1953b). A revision of the dacetine ant genus Orectognathus. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 13: 84-104.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1954a). A preliminary report on dacetine ant studies in Australia. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 46: 465-471.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1954b). The ant genus Strumigenys Fred. Smith in the Ethiopian and Malagasy regions. Bull. Mus.Compar. Zool. Harvard Col., 112: 3-34.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1958). A supplement to the revisions of the dacetine ant genera Orectognathus and Arnoldidris, with keys to the species. Psyche, 64: 17-29.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1959a). A revision of the dacetine ant genus Neostruma. Breviora, 107: 1-13.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1959b). Some new species of dacetine ants. Breviora, 108: 1-11.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1960). The Neotropical species of the ant genus Strumigenys Fr. Smith: group of gundlachi (Roger). Psyche, 66: 37-52.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1962). The Neotropical species of the ant genus Strumigenys Fr. Smith: synopsis and key to species. Psyche, 69: 238-267.

Brown, W.L., Jr. (1964). The ant genus Smithistruma: a first supplement to the world revision. T. Am. Entomol. Soc., 89: 183-200.

Roger, J. (1863). Die neu aufgeführten Gattungen und Arten meines Formiciden-Verzeichnisses, nebst Ergänzung einiger früher gegeben Beschreibungen. Berl. Entomol. Z., 7: 131-214.

Wetterer, J.K. (2012). Worldwide spread of Roger`s dacetine ant, Strumigenys rogeri (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecol. News, 14:129-135.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v60i4.387-396

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604