Toxicities comparison of rotenone and acetone extract of Tephrosiavogelii and Derris trifoliate against Solenopsis invicta

Dong-Mei Cheng, Cong-Ling Huang, Wei-Sheng Li, Yong-Qing Tian, Run-Qian Mao, Zhi-Xiang Zhang


The high rotenone content and the rotenone crude extract of Tephrosia vogelii and Derris trifoliata were evaluated for its efficacy in the control of red imported fire (RIFA), Solenopsis invicta under both laboratory and field conditions. The acetone extracts of D. trifoliata roots and T. vogelii leaves exhibited strong toxicity to macroergate and micrergate of RIFA. When active ingredients of the crude extracts were convert to rotenone, the activity of the acetone extracts were higher than that of rotenone technical material. At the same time, the extracts showed significant inhibitory effect on walking ability and grasping ability of worker ants and stronger than the effect of 98.6% rotenone technical material. Under field conditions, the 0.01% rotenone-bait, formulated with the acetone extract of D. trifoliata roots and T. vogelii leaves, had the same control effect on RIFA as that of 0.01% fipronil-bait when treated after 30 d. The bait formulated with the extract of D. trifoliata exhibited quicker and higher effect on RIFA than that of rotenone technical material. It was showed that the acetone extracts of D. trifoliata roots and T. vogelii leaves are able to control S. invicta under both laboratory and field conditions and can be used as an effective agent against RIFA.


Solenopsis invicta; rotenone; Tephrosiavogelii; Derris trifoliate; extract; toxicity

Full Text:



Ascunce, M. S., C. C. Yang, J. Oakey, L. Calcaterra, W. J. Wu, C. J. Shih, ... & D. Shoemaker. (2011). Global invasion history of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta. J. Sci., 331: 1066-1068.

doi: 10.1126/science.1198734

Burkill, H. M., Ed. (1995). Useful plants of west tropical africa. Kew: Royal Botanical Gardens.

Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. The crown agency of the colonies, London, United United Kingdom

Furman, B. D. & R. E. Gold. (2006). Determination of the most effective chemical form and concentrations of indoxacarb, as well as the most ppropriate grit size for use in AdvionTM. Soc., 48: 309-334.

Huang, J. G., L. J. Zhou. & H. H. Xu. (2006). Recent advances in the insecticidal plant, Tephrosiavogelii. Plant Protection., 32:18-21

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0529-1542.2006.01.004

Lambert, N., M. F. Trouslot, C. N. Campa. & H. Chrestin. (1993). Production of rotenoids by heterotrophic and photomixotrophic cell cultures of Tephrosia vogelii. Phytochemistry., 34: 1515-1520.

doi: 10.1016/S0031-9422(00)90838-0

Lekhnath, K., W. J. Wu, S. S. Kaob. & C. J. Shih. (2011). Efficacy of Beauveriabassiana against the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in Taiwan. Pest Manag. Sci., 67: 1434-1438

doi: 10.1002/ps.2192

Li, W. S., Y. Zhou, K. Wang, D. M. Cheng. & Z. X. Zhang. (2014). Insecticidal effect of volatile compouds from fresh plant materials of Tephrosiavogelii against Solenopsis invicta, workers. Soc., 61: 28-33.

doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v61i1.28-34

Li, Y. & Z. Y. Wang. (2010). Research progress on application and analysis of rotenone. Guangxi J. light insustry., 11: 9-10

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-2673.2010.11.004

Nattrass, R. & C. A. Vanderwoude. (2001). Preliminary investigation of the ecological effects of red imported fire ants (Solenopsi invicta) in Brisbane. Ecol. Manag. Restor., 2: 220-223.

doi: 10.1046/j.1442-8903.2001.00087.x

Shin, F. C. (1989). Studies on plants as a source of insect growth regulators for crop protection. J. Appl. Entomol., 107: 85-92

doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.1989.tb00247.x

Tian, W. J., T. Y. Zhuang, C. X. Zhuang. & M. F. Liang. (2010). A report on the field control efficacy of Derris hancei root powder mixture against the red imported fire ant. J. Environ. Entomol., 32: 415 -418.

Walker, A. R. & R. Sillans. (1961). Plants used in Gabon. Paris: EncyclopedieBiologique.

Wang, C. X., W. J. Tian, T. Y. Zhuang, M. F. Liang. & S. L. Cheng. (2010). A primary study on control of the ant Pheidoleyeensis Forel by the derris bait. Natural Enemies of Insects., 28: 93-96.

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-0858.2006.02.009

Xu, H. H. & J. G. Huang. (2001). Advances in the research of rotenone. Journal of South west Agricultural University., 23: 140-143.

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9868.2001.02.014

Xu, H. H. (2001). Insecticidal plants and botanical insecticide, China Agriculture Press., 290-293.

Zeng, X. N., Z. H. Xiong, J. Guo, T. F. Huang. & S. X. Wu. (2006). Toxicity and transferring activity of spinosad against Solenopsis invicta Buren. Journal of South China Agricultural University., 27: 26-29.

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-411X.2006.03.007

Zhang, T. Y., H. H. Xu, & C. H. Wang. (2005). Current Status of Rotenone Utilization and Existing Concerns. Chinese Journal of Pesticides., 44: 352-355

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-0413.2005.08.004

Zheng, J. H., R. Q. Mao. & R. J. Mao. (2007). Comparisons of foraging activities and competitive interactions between the red imported fire ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and two native ants under high soil-surface temperatures. Soc., 50: 1165-1175.

Zhong, P. S., G. H. Guo. & Y. H. Zhan. (2012). Control efficacy of fipronil baits against the Solenopsis invicta Buren. Journal of Henan Agricultural University., 46: 58-61.

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2340.2012.01.013

Zhou,Y., K. Wang, C. Wang, W. S. Li, H. Li, N. Zhang. & Z. X. Zhang. (2014). Effect of two formulations on the decline curves and residue levels of rotenone in cabbage and soil under field conditions. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 104: 23–27.

doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.02.014



  • There are currently no refbacks.

JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604