Nesting stingless bees in urban areas: a reevaluation after eight years

Karine Munck Vieira, Paula Netto, Danielle L.A.S. Amaral, Sarah Silva Mendes, Lívia Cabral Castro, Fábio Prezoto

Abstract


Studies of nesting ecology have proven to be extremely important for stingless bee conservation. These studies have rarely been conducted in urban landscapes, and even fewer have compared species diversity and abundances over time. We surveyed native stingless bee nests at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora campus in Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil, from May 2008 to April 2009. We recorded the number of nests, nest height, species diversity, and nest substrate type (i.e., natural or artificial). We compared our results to those of a similar survey carried out in the same location eight years prior (2000/2001) in order to evaluate how urban expansion on campus has influenced the Meliponini bee community. Stingless bee abundance and richness were greater in the second survey. The use of natural substrates decreased, while the use of artificial substrates increased. This suggests that the increase in man-made structures on the UFJF campus has provided favorable sites for establishment of some stingless bee species.


Keywords


stingless bees, human constructions, species diversity, abundance, urban area.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v63i3.778

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