Ant community (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) associated with Callisthene fasciculata (Spr.) Mart. (Vochysiaceae) canopies in the Pantanal of Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil

Lúcia Yamazaki, Juliana Dambroz, Eliandra Meurer, Vanessa França Vindica, Jacques Hubert Charles Delabie, Marinêz Isaac Marques, Leandro Denis Batirolla

Abstract


Ants act in different trophic levels and are important due to their abundance, distribution and diversity in a variety of habitats, exercising influence on many different organisms and ecosystems. Thus, this study compared temporal variation on the structure and composition of the Formicidae community in canopies of Callisthene fasciculata (Spr.) Mart. (Vochysiaceae) during high water and dry periods, in the Pantanal of Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Ant sampling was performed on 12 specimens of C. fasciculata, in 2010 and 2011, using canopy fogging with insecticide, in a total of 120m² of sampled canopy. Altogether, 2,958 ants were collected. The 2,943 adults were distributed in four subfamilies, 12 genus and 26 species. Myrmicinae (18.7 ind./m2) was the most representative taxon, followed by Formicinae (3.2 ind./m2), Dolichoderinae (2.2 ind./m2) and Pseudomyrmecinae (0.3 ind./m2). The community is made up of six trophic groups, in which omnivorous (23.5 ind./m2) were the most prevalent, followed by minimum hypogeical generalists (0.5 ind./m2) and arboreal generalist predators (0.3 ind./m2). Although the results showed that Formicidae community richness, associated to C. fasciculata canopies, does not represent a significant difference among the seasonal periods, there are differences as to species distribution and grouping in trophic guilds on the host plant over the seasonal periods, indicating the influence of temporal variation, and therefore, habitat conditions on this community.

Keywords


biodiversity, canopy, monodominance, temporality.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adis, J. (1997). Estratégias de sobrevivência de invertebrados terrestres em florestas inundáveis da Amazônia Central: Uma resposta à inundação de longo período. Acta Amazon., 27:43-54.

Adis, J., Basset, Y., Floren, A., Hammond, P. & Linsenmair, K.E. (1998). Canopy fogging of an overstory tree - recommendations for standardization. Ecotropica, 4:93-97.

Adis, J., Erwin, T.L., Battirola, L.D. & Ketelhut, S.M. (2010). The importance of Amazonian floodplain forests for animal biodiversity: Beetles in canopies of floodplain and upland forests. In W.J. Junk, M.T.F. Piedade, F. Wittmann, J. Schöngart & P. Parolin (Orgs.). Amazon floodplain forests: Ecophysiology, biodiversity and sustainable management (pp. 313-325). 1ª ed. Dordrecht: Springer.

Adis, J., Marques, M.I. &Wantzen, K.M. (2001). First observations on the survival strategies of terricolous arthropods in the northern Pantanal wetland of Brazil. Andrias, 15: 127-128.

Basset, Y., Horlyck, V. & Wright, J. (2002). Forest canopies and their importance. In Y. Basset, V. Horlyck & J. Wright (Eds.). Studying Forest Canopies from Above: The International Canopy Crane Network (pp. 27-34). Bogotá: Editorial Panamericana de Colombia.

Battirola, L.D., Adis. J., Marques, M.I. & Silva, F.H.O. (2007). Comunidade de artrópodes associada à copa de Attalea phalerata Mart. (Arecaceae), durante o período de cheia no Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Neotrop. Entomol., 36: 640-651.

Battirola, L. D., Marques, M. I., Adis, J. & Brescovit, A.D. (2004). Aspectos ecológicos da comunidade de Araneae (Arthropoda, Arachnida) em copas da palmeira Attalea phalerata Mart. (Arecaceae) no Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Entomol., 48: 421-430.

Battirola, L.D., Marques, M.I., Adis, J. & Delabie, J.H.C. (2005).

Composição da comunidade de Formicidae (Insecta, Hymenoptera) em copas de Attalea phalerata Mart. (Arecaceae) no Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Entomol., 49: 107-117.

Battirola, L.D., Marques, M.I., Rosado-Neto, G.H., Pinheiro, T.G. & Pinho, N.G.C. (2009). Vertical and time distribution of Diplopoda (Arthropoda: Myriapoda) in a monodominant forest in Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Zoologia, 26: 479–487.

Battirola, L.D., Santos, G.B., Rosado-Neto, G.H. & Marques, M.I. (2014). Coleoptera (Arthropoda, Insecta) associados às copas de Attalea phalerata Mart. (Arecaceae) no Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil. EntomoBrasilis, 7: 20-28. doi:10.12741/ebrasilis.v7i1.316

Bolton, B. (2003). Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst., 71: 1-370.

Bolton, B. (2014). An online catalog of the ants of the world. http://antcat.org. (access date: June 25, 2014).

Brandão C.R.F., Silva, R.R. & Delabie, J.H.C. (2009). Formigas (Hymenoptera). In A.R. Panizzi & J.R.P. Parra (Eds.). Bioecologia e nutrição de insetos: Base para o manejo integrado de pragas (pp. 323-369). Brasília: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica.

Castaño-Meneses, G. (2014). Trophic guild structure of a canopy ants community in a mexican tropical deciduous forest. Sociobiology, 61: 35-42. doi: 10.13102/sociobiology.v61i1.35-42

Castilho, A.C.C., Delabie, J.H.C., Marques, M.I., Adis, J. & Mendes, L. (2007) Registros novos da formiga criptobiótica Creightonidris scambognatha Brown (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Neotrop. Entomol., 36: 150-152.

Conceição, E.S., Delabie, J.H.C., Lucia, T.M.C.D. Costa-Neto, A.O. & Majer, J.D. (2014). Structural changes in arboreal ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in an age sequence of cocoa plantations in the south-east of Bahia, Brazil. Austral Entomol., 1-10.doi:10.1111/aen.12128

Cook, S.C., Eubanks, M.D., Gold, R.E. & Behmer, S.T. (2011). Seasonality directs contrasting food collection behavior and nutrient regulation strategies in ants. PLoS ONE, 6: e25407. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025407

Corrêa, M.M., Fernandes, W.D. & Leal, I.R. (2006). Diversidade de formigas epigeicas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) em capões do Pantanal sul mato-grossense: Relações entre riqueza de espécies e complexidade estrutural da área. Neotrop. Entomol., 35: 724-730.

Corsini, E. & Guarim-Neto, G. (2000). Aspectos ecológicos da vegetação de “carvoal (Callisthene fasciculata (Spr.) Mart.) no Pantanal mato-grossense. In: Anais do III Simpósio sobre recursos naturais e socioeconômicos do Pantanal, Corumbá: Embrapa/UFMS 1:1-52.

Custódio, L.N., Carmo-Oliveira, R., Mendes-Rodrigues, C. & Oliveira, P.E. (2014). Pre-dispersal seed predation and abortion in species of Callisthene and Qualea (Vochysiaceae) in a Neotropical savanna. Acta Bot. Bras., 28: 309-320.

Delabie, J.H.C., Jahyny, B., Nascimento, I.C., Mariano, C.S.F., Lacau, S. Campiolo, S., Philpott, S.M. & Leponce, M. (2007). Contribution of cocoa plantations to the conservation of native ants (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with a special emphasis on the Atlantic Forest fauna of southern Bahia, Brazil. Biodiv. Conserv., 16: 2359–2384. doi 10.1007/s10531-007-9190-6

Delabie, J.H.C., Ospina, M. & Zabala, G. (2003).Relaciones entre hormigas y plantas: Uma introducción. In F. Fernández (ed.). Introducción a las hormigas de la región Neotropical. (pp. 167-180). Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt.

Fernández, F. (1998). ¿Por qué hay tantas hormigas enlos árboles? Innov. Cienc., 7: 42-51.

Fernández, F. Subfamilia Formicinae. (2003a). In F. Fernández (Ed.). Introducción a las hormigas de la región Neotropical (pp. 299-306). Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt.

Fernández, F. Subfamilia Myrmicinae. (2003b). In F. Fernández (Ed.). Introducción a las hormigas de la región Neotropical (pp. 307-330). Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt.

Floren, A. & Linsenmair, K.E. (1997). Diversity and recolonization dynamics of selected arthropod groups on different tree species in a lowland rainforest in Sabah, Malaysia, with special reference to Formicidae. In N.E. Stork, J. Adis & R.K. Didham (Eds.). Canopy Arthropods (pp. 344-381).London: Chapman & Hall.

Fowler, H.G., Bernardi, J.V.E., Delabie, J.C., Forti, L.C. & Pereira-da-Silva, V. 1990.Major ant problems of South America. In R.K. Vander Meer, K. Jaffe & A. Cedeno (Eds.) Applied myrmecology: a world perspective (pp. 3-14). Boulder: Westview Press.

Heckman, C. W. (1998). The Pantanal of Poconé: Biota and ecology in the northern section of the world’s largest pristine wetland. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 624 p.

Hoffmann, B.D. & Andersen, A.N. (2003) Responses of ants to disturbance in Australia, with particular reference to functional groups. Austral Ecol., 28: 444-64.

Longino, J.T. & Nadkarni, N.M. (1990). A comparison of ground and canopy leaf litter ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a neotropical montane forest. Psyche, 97: 81-93.

Hölldobler, B. & Wilson, E.O. (1990). The ants. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 732 p.

Kaspari, M. (2003). Introducción a la ecología de las hormigas. In F. Fernández (Ed.). Introducción a las hormigas de la región Neotropical (pp. 97-112). Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt.

Lowman, M. D. & Nadkarni, N.M. (1995). Forest Canopies. San Diego: Academic Press, 624 p.

Majer, J.D. & Delabie, J.H.C. (1993). An evaluation of Brazilian cocoa farm ants as potential biological control agents. J. Plant Protection Trop., 10: 43–49.

Majer, J.D., Delabie, J.H.C. & Smith, M.R.B. (1994). Arboreal ant community patterns in Brazilian cocoa farms. Biotropica, 26: 73–83.

Marques, M.I., Adis, J., Battirola, L.D., Brescovit, A.D., Silva, F.H.O. & Silva, J.L. (2007). Variação sazonal na composição da comunidade de artrópodes associada à copa de Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Guttiferae) no Pantanal mato-grossense, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Amazoniana, 19: 131-148.

Marques, M.I., Adis, J., Battirola, L.D., Santos, G.B.& Castilho, A.C.C. (2011). Arthropods associated with a forest of Attalea phalerata Mart. (Arecaceae) palm trees in the northern Pantanal of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. In W.J. Junk, C.J. da Silva, C. Nunes-da-Cunha. & K.M. Wantzen (Orgs.). The Pantanal of Mato Grosso: Ecology, biodiversity and sustainable management of a large Neotropical seasonal wetland (pp. 431-468). Sofia - Moscow: Pensof, 1.

Marques, M.I., Adis, J., Santos, G.B. & Battirola, L.D. (2006). Terrestrial arthropods from tree canopies in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol., 50: 257-267.

Marques, M.I., Santos, G.B. & Battirola, L.D. (2014). Cerambycidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) associados à Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae) na região norte do Pantanal de Mato Grosso, Brasil. EntomoBrasilis, 7: 159-160.

Marques, M.I., Sousa, W.O., Santos, G.B., Battirola, L.D. &, Anjos, K.C. (2010). Fauna de artrópodes de solo. In I.M. Fernandes, C.A. Signor & J. Penha (eds.). Biodiversidade no Pantanal de Poconé (pp. 73 -112). Centro de Pesquisa do Pantanal.

Meyer, K.M., Schiffers, K., Münkemüller, T., Schädler, M., Calabrese, J.M., Basset, A., Breulmann, M., Duquesne, S., Hidding, B., Huth, A., Schöb, C. & Van-de-Voorde, T.F.J. (2010). Predicting population and community dynamics: the type of aggregation matters. Basic Appl. Ecol., 11: 563-571. doi: 10.1016/jbaae.2010.08.001

Novotny, V., Basset, Y., Miller, S.E., Drozd, P. & Cizek, L. (2002a). Host specialization of leaf chewing insects in a New Guinea rainforest. J. Anim. Ecol., 71: 400-412.

Novotny, V., Basset, Y., Miller, S.E., Weiblen, G.D., Bremer, B., Cizek, L. & Drozd, P. (2002b). Low host specificity of herbivorous insects in a tropical forest. Nature, 416: 841-844.

Oksanen, J., Blanchet, F.G., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., Minchin, P.R., O'hara, R.B., Simpson, G.L., Solymos, M.P., Stevens, H.H. & Wagner, H. (2013). Vegan: Community Ecology. Package. R package version 2.0-8. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan. (access date: November 16, 2014).

Panizzi, A.R. & Parra, J.R.P. (2009). Introdução à Bioecologia e nutrição de insetos como base para o manejo integrado de pragas. In A.R. Panizzi & J.R.P. Parra (Eds.). Bioecologia e nutrição de insetos – Base para o manejo integrado de pragas (pp. 21-35). Brasília: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica.

Pott, A. & Pott, V.J. (1994). Plantas do Pantanal. Corumbá: Embrapa-SPI, 320p.

R Core Team (2013). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org/. (access date: November 16, 2014).

Ribas, C.R., Schoereder, J.H., Pic, M. & Soares, S.M. (2003). Tree heterogeneity, resource availability, and larger scale processes regulating arboreal ant species richness. Austral Ecol., 28: 305–314.

Rojas, P. & Fragoso, C. (2000). Composition, diversity, and distribution of a Chihuahuan Desert ant community (Mapimí, México). J. Arid Environ., 44: 213–227. doi:10.1006/jare.1999.0583

Santos, I.A., Ribas, C.R. & Schoereder, J.H. (2008). Biodiversidade de formigas em tipos vegetacionais brasileiros: o efeito das escalas espaciais, In E.F. Vilela (Ed.). Insetos sociais: da biologia à aplicação (p. 242-265). Viçosa: Ed. UFV.

Schonberg, L.A., Longino, J.T., Nadkarni, N.M., Yanoviak, S.P. & Gering, J.C. (2004). Arboreal ant species richness in primary forest, secondary forest, and pasture habitats of a tropical montane landscape. Biotropica, 36: 402-409.

Silvestre, R., Brandão, C.R.F. & Rosa-da-Silva, R. (2003). Grupos funcionales de hormigas: el caso de los gremios del Cerrado. In F. Fernández (Ed.). Introducción a las hormigas de la región Neotropical (pp. 113-148). Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt.

Simberloff, D. & Dayan, T. (1991). The guild concept and the structure of ecological communities. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 22: 115-143.

Soares, S.A., Suarez, Y.R., Fernandes, W.D., Tenório, P.M.S., Delabie, J.H.C. & Antonialli-Junior, W.F. (2013). Temporal variation in the composition of ant assemblages (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) on trees in the Pantanal floodplain, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol., 57: 84-90. doi.org/10.1590/S0085-56262013000100013

Stork, N.E. (1991). The composition of arthropod fauna of Bornean lowland rainforest trees. J. Trop. Ecol., 7: 161-180.

Stork, N. E. & Grimbacher, P.S. (2006). Beetle assemblages from an Australian tropical rainforest show that the canopy and the ground strata contribute equally to biodiversity. P. Roy. Soc., 273: 1969-1975.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v63i2.824

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604