Combinatorial Potential of bait matrix against subterranean termites under lab and field conditions

Khalid Rasib, Hina Ashraf

Abstract


Bait matrix of different treatments were evaluated against two termite species i.e. Odontotermes obesus and Coptotermes heimi both under laboratory and field conditions. Mean wood consumption in laboratory bioassays were investigated for 2, 4 and 6 weeks with maximum consumption was noted after 4 weeks. While, field experiment was conducted for 24 there was greater consumption of the loosely bound bait matrix compared to the tightly bound matrix. However, feeding was comparatively high in combinations with attractants. Overall, treated colonies experienced a 90-95% decrease in population size after 24 weeks of baiting. The queen in the royal chamber of the mound was found dead. 


Keywords


Populus euramericana; Odontotermes obesus; Coptotermes heimi; Metarihizium anisopliae; Bait; Combinatorial.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bernklau, E.J., Fromm, E.A., Judd, T.M. & Bjostad, LB. (2005). Attraction of subterranean termites (Isoptera) to carbon dioxide. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98:476-484.

Cabrera, B.J. & Thomas, E.M. (2006). Versatility of baits containing noviflumuron for control of structural infestation of Formosan subterranean termites (Isoptera:Rhinotermitidae).Florida Entomology, 89:20–31.

Chen, J. & Henderson, G. (1996). Determination of feeding preference of Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki) for some amino acid additives. Journal of Chemistry and Ecology, 22: 2359–2369.

Cornelius, M.L. & Lax, A.R. (2005). Effect of summon preferred food source on feeding, tunneling and bait station discovery by the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 98: 502–508.

Cornelius, M.L., Bland, J.M., Daigle, D.J., Williams, K.S., Lovisa, M.P., Connick Jr, W.J. & Lax, AR. (2004). Effect of a lignin-degrading fungus on feeding preferences of Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) for different commercial lumber. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97: 1025–1035.

Delaplane, K.S. & La Fage, J.P. (1989). Foraging tenacity of Reticulitermes flavipes and Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology, 16: 183–189.

Easey, J.F. (1983). Detection of termite infestation. Proceeding of Fourth Pacific Basin. Nuclear Conf :Vancour, Canada, pp336–339.

Easey, J.F. (1985). The use of short-lived tracer in termite studies in Australia. In: short lived isotopes in biology. Dep. Sci. and Ind. Res. Org. Bull. No. 238: Lower Hutt, New Zealand, pp. 27–31.

Easey, J.F. & Holt, J.A. (1988). The use of Gold 198 and Iodine 131 as tracer materials for the study of termite behaviour. Material und Organismen, 23(2):133–145.

Easey, J.F. & Holt, J.A. (1989). Population estimation of some mound building termite (Isoptera: Termitidae) using radio isotope methods. Material und Organismen, 24(2): 81–90.

Eger, J.E., Lees, M.D., Neese, P.A., Atkinson, T.H., Thoms, E.M., Messenger, M.T., Demark, J.J., Lee, L.C., Vargo, E.L. & Tolley, M.P. (2012). Elimination of subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) colonies using a refined cellulose bait matrix containing Noviflumuron when monitored and replenished quarterly. Journal of Economic Entomology, 105: 533–539.

Esenther, G.R., Allen, T.C., Casida, J.E. & Shenefelt, R.D. (1961). Termite attractant from fungus-infected. wood. Science, 134: 50.

Evans, T.A. (2006). Foraging and building in subterranean termites: task switchers or reserve labourers? Insect Sociology, 53: 56–64.

Forschler, B.T. & Ryder, J.C. (1996). Subterranean termite colony response to baiting with hexaflumuron in Georgia. Down to Earth, 51: 30–35.

French, J.R.J. & Robinson, P.J. (1984). A method for screening termite baits using Coptotermes lacteus mounds. 15th meeting, May 28 - June 1, 1984. International Research Group on Wood Preservation: Document No. IRG/WP/ 1,237; pp. 1–6.

Haagsma, K.A. & Rust, M.K. (2005). Effect of hexaflumuron on mortality of the Western subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) during and following exposure and movement of hexaflumuron in termite groups. Pest Management Science, 61: 517–531.

Hamm, R.L., Demark, J.J., Chin-heady, E. & Tolley, M.P. (2013). Consumption of a durable termite bait matrix by subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) and resulting insecticidal activity. Pest Management Science, 69: 507–511.

Holt, J.A. & Easey, J.F. (1985). Polycalic colonies of some mound building termites (Isoptera: Termitidae) in Northeastern Australia, Paris. Insectes Sociaux, 32 (1): 61– 69.

Hu, X.P, Song, D. & Scherer, C.W. (2005). Transfer of indoxacarb among workers of Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae): effects of dose, donor: recipientration and post-exposure time. Pest Management Science, 61: 1209–1214.

Huang, Q.Y., Lei, C.L. & Xue, D. (2006). Field evaluation of a fipronil bait against subterranean termite Odontotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Termitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 99: 455–461.

McKern-Lee, J.A., Eger, J.E., DeMark, J.J., Tolley, M.P., Lees, M.D., Fisher, M.L., Hamm, R.L., Melichar, M.W., Messenger, M. & Thoms, E.M. (2010). Preliminary field evaluation of Recruit® HD: New durable termites bait from Dow Agro Sciences, In Proceedings of the National Conference on Urban Entomology, ed. by Jones SC. Portland, OR, pp. 110.

Miller, L.R. (1990). Fluorescent dyes as markers in studies of foraging biology of termite colonies. Division of Entomology, Australia: CSIRO, G.P.O. Box 1700, Canberra, A.C.T.

Monica, V., Satyawati, S. & Rajendra, P. (2009). Biological alternatives for termite control: a review. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 63:959–972.

Morales-Ramos, J.A. & Rojas, M.G. (2003a). Formosan subterranean termite feeding preferences as basis for bait matrix development (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology, 41:71–79.

Morales-Ramos, J.A. & Rojas, M.G. (2003b). Nutritional ecology of the formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae): Growth and survival of incipient colonies feeding on preferred wood species. Journal of Economic Entomology, 96:106–116.

Paton, R. & Miller, R. (1980). Control of Mastotermes darwiniensis froggat (Isoptera: Mastrotermitidae) with mirex bait. Australian Forest Research, 10:249–258.

Peppuy, A., Robert, A., Delbecque, J., Leca, J., Rouland, C. & Bordereau, C. (1998). Efficacy of hexaflumuron against the fungus-growing termite Pseudocanthotermes spiniger (SjÖstedt) (Isoptera, Macrotermitinae). Pest Science, 54: 22–26.

Peters, B.C., Broadbent, S. and Dhang, P. (2008). Evaluating a baiting system for management of termites in landscape and orchard trees in Australia, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and The Philippines: In W. H. Robinson and D. Bajomi (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Urban Pests, 13-16 July 2008. OOK-Press Kft, Budapest, Hungary., pp. 379–383.

Ripa, R., Luppichini, P., Su, N.Y. and Rust, M.K. (2007). Field evaluation of potential control strategies against the invasive Eastern Subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in Chile. Journal of Economic Entomology, 100: 1391–1399.

Rojas, M.G. & Morales-Ramos, J.A. (2004). Disruption of reproductive activity of Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) primary reproductive by three chitin synthesis inhibitors Journal of Economic Entomology, 97: 2015–2020.

Rojas, M.G. (2002a). Uso de cebos nutritivos combinados con inhibidores de la síntesis de quitina para el control de termitas subterraneas. In CIDEMCO, Ponencias del III Congreso Nacional de Protección a la Madera: Martinez Imprimategia, S.L.D.L: Azpeitia, Spain., pp. 54–58

Rojas, M.G. (2002b). Control de termitas subterraneas en gran escala en suburbios del estado de Louisiana y Mississippi usando cebos nutritivos. In CIDEMCO, Ponencias del III Congreso Nacional de Protección a la Madera: Martinez Imprimategia, S.L.D.L., Azpeitia, Spain., pp. 118–122.

Rojas, M.G. & Morales-Ramos, J.A. (2003). Field evaluation of nutritionally-based bait matrix against subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology, 41: 81–90.

Rojas, M.G., Morales-Ramos, J.A. & Nimocks, D.R. III. (2004). Urea and nitrogen based compounds as feeding stimulants/aggregants and masking agents of unpalatable chemicals for subterranean termites. U.S. Patent No. US 6,824,787 B2.

Saran, R.K. & Rust, M.K., (2007). The toxicity, uptake, and transfer efficiency of fipronil in western subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 100: 495–508.

Saran, R.K. & Rust, M.K. (2005). Feeding, uptake, and utilization of carbohydrates by western subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 98:1284–1293.

Spragg, W.T. & Fox, R.E. (1974). The use of a radioactive tracer to study the nesting system of Mastotermes darwiniensis froggatt. Insectes Sociaux, 21:309–316.

Spragg, W.T. & Paton, R. (1980). Tracing trophallaxis and population measurement of colonies of subterranean termites (Isoptera) Using radioactive tracer. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 73:708–714.

Soeprono, A.M. & Rust, M.K. (2004). Effect of horizontal transfer of barrier insecticides to control Argentine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 97: 1675–1681.

Su, N.Y., Tamashiro, M., Yates, J.R. & Haverty, M.I. (1982). Effect of behavior on the evaluation of insecticides for prevention of or remedial control of the Formosan subterranean termite. Journal of Economic Entomology, 75: 188–193.

Su, N.Y. (1994). Field evaluation of a hexaflumuron bait for population suppression of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 87: 389–397.

Su, N.Y. (2005). Response of the Formosan subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) to baits or non repellent termiticides in extended foraging arenas. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98: 2143–2152.

Su, N.Y. & Hsu, E.L. (2003). Managing subterranean termite populations for protection of the historic Tzu-Sutemple of San-Shia, Taiwan (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology, 41: 529–545.

Su, N.Y., Freytag, E., Bordes, E.S. & Dycus, R. (2000). Control of Formosan subterranean termite infestations using baits containing an insect growth regulator. Studies in Conservation, 45: 30–38.

Su, N.Y., Tamashiro, M., Yates, J.R. & Haverty, M.I. (1984). Foraging behavior of the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Environmental Entomology, 13(6): 1,466-1,477.

Tsunoda, K., Matsuoka, H. & Yoshimura, T. (1998). Colony elimination of Reticulitermes speratus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) by bait application and the effect on foraging territory. Journal of Economic Entomology, 91: 1383–1386.

Waller, D.A. (1996). Ampicillin, tetracycline and urea as protozoicides for symbionts of Reticulitermes flauipes and R. uirginicus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86: 77–81.

Waller, D.A. & Curtis, A.D. (2003). Effects of sugar-treated foods on preference and nitrogen fixation in Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and Reticulitermes virginicus (Banks) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 96:81–85.

Wang, C. & Henderson, G. (2012). Evaluation of three bait materials and their food transfer efficiency in Formosan subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 105(5):1758–65.

Wang, Z., Guo, J., Gong, Y., Lu, W., Lei, A., Sun, W. & Jianchu, M. (2007). Control of dam termites with a monitor controlling device. Sociobiology, 50: 399–407.

Wood TG. 1978. Food and feeding habits of termites. In Brian M.V. (ed): Production Ecology of Ants and Termites: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.,p p. 55–80.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v63i2.894

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604