Task division and Age Polyethism in colonies of Mischocyttarus latior social wasps (Fox) (Hymenoptera, Vespidae).

Daniel Simões Santos Cecílio, Agda Alves Da Rocha, Edilberto Giannotti

Abstract


This paper aimed to study the division of labor between queen and workers, division of labor by age range and sequence of behavioral patterns exercised by females and males from Mischocyttarus latior (F.) colonies. Behaviors of 13 dominant females (queens), 68 subordinate (workers) from emergence until they are 77 days and 12 males in 37 colonies were quantified during 545 hours. There were 23 behavioral acts registered divided into five categories. Both dominant females as the workers showed a behavioral repertoire of 23 items, while males only 15. Dominants remain longer on the nest than subordinates and exercise exclusively the behavior of oviposition and rubbing gaster on the nest and share 21 behaviors with the workers. Males foraged nectar, preys and water, and exercise other behaviors, mostly related to social activity. All behaviors can be performed by any potentially worker at any age.

Keywords


Ethogram, Social Organization, Polistinae, Mischocyttarini.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cecílio, D. S. S., Da Rocha A. A. & Giannotti, E. (2015). Post-embryonic Development of Mischocyttarus latior (Fox) (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Sociobiology, 62: 446-449. DOI: 10.13102/sociobiology.v62i3.400

Elpino-Campos, A., Del-Claro, K., & Prezoto, F. (2007). Diversity of Social Wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in Cerrados fragments of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Neotrop Entomol, 36: 685-692. DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2007000500008

Gadagkar, R. (1991). Belonogaster, Mischocyttarus, Parapolybia and independent-founding Ropalidia. In K.G. Ross & R.W. Matthews (Eds.), The social biology of wasps (pp. 149-190). Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates.

Gamboa, G.J. & Dew, H.E. (1981). Intracolonial communication by body oscillations in the paper wasp, Polistes metricus. Insectes Soc, 28: 13-26.

Giannotti, E. (1992). Estudos biológicos e etológicos da vespa social neotropical Polistes (Aphanilopterus) lanio lanio (Fabricius, 1775) (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Rio Claro: UNESP.

Giannotti, E. (1999). Social organization of the eusocial wasp Mischocyttarus cerberus styx (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Sociobiology, 33: 325-338.

Giannotti, E. (2004). Male Behavior in Colonies of the Social Wasp Polistes lanio (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Sociobiology, 43: 551-555.

Giannotti, E. & Machado, V.L.L. (1994). Longevity, life table and age polyethism in Polistes lanio (Hymenoptera, Vespidae), a primitive eusocial wasp. J. Adv. Zool., 15: 95 - 101.

Giannotti, E. & Machado, V.L.L. (1999). Behavioral castes in the primitively eusocial wasp Polistes lanio Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Rev Bras Entomol, 43:5-190.

Jeanne, R.L. (1972). Social biology of the Neotropical Wasp Mischocyttarus drewseni. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 144: 63-150.

Jeanne, R. L., Downing, H.A. & Post, D.C. (1988). Age polyethism and individual variation in Polybia occidentalis, an advanced eusocial wasp.

In R.L. Jeanne (Ed.), Interindividual Behavioral Variability in Social Insects (pp. 323-357). Colorado: Westview Press.

Kasuya, E. (1983a). Behavioral ecology of Japonese paper wasps, Polistes spp. II. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Ethogram and internidal relationship in P. chinensis antennalis in the founding stage. Z. Tierpsychol., 63: 303-317.

Kasuya, E. (1983b). Behavioral ecology of Japonese paper wasps, Polistes spp. IV. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Comparison of ethogram between Queens and Workers of P. chinensis antennalis in the Ergonomic Stage. J. Ethol., 1: 34-45.

Lima, A.C.O., Castilho-Noll M.S.M., Gomes B. & Noll, F.B. (2010). Social Wasp Diversity (Vespidae, Polistinae) in a Forest Fragment in the Northeast of São Paulo State Sampled with Different Methodologies. Sociobiology, 55: 613-626.

O’Donnell, S. (1995). Division of labor in post-emergence colonies of the primitively eusocial wasp Polistes instabilis de Saussure (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Ins. Soc., 42: 17-19.

O’Donnell, S. (1999). The function of male dominance in the eusocial wasp, Mischocyttaurs mastigophorus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Ethology, 105: 273-282.

Pardi, L. (1948). Dominance order in Polistes wasps. Physiol Zool, 21: 1-13.

Post, D.C., Jeanne, R.L., Erickson-JR, E.H. (1988). Variation in behavior among workers of the primitively social wasps Polistes fuscatus variatus. In R.L. Jeanne (Ed.), Interindividual Behavioral Variability in Social Insects (pp. 283-321). Colorado: Wsetview Press.

Raposo-Filho, J.R. (1981). Biologia de Mischocyttarus (Monocyttarus) extinctus Zikán, 1935 (Polistinae, Vespidae). Rio Claro, UNESP.

Richards, O.W. (1978). The social wasps of the Americas, excluding the Vespinae. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Siegel, S. (1979). Estatística não paramétrica para ciências do comportamento. São Paulo: Mc Graw-Hill.

Sinzato, D.M.S. & Prezoto, F. (2000). Aspectos comportamentais de fêmeas dominantes e subordinadas de Polistes versicolor Olivier, 1791 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) em colônias na fase de fundação. Rev de Etologia, 2: 121-127.

Sinzato, D.M.S., Prezoto, F. & Del-Klaro, K. (2003). The role of males in a neotropical paper wasp, Polistes ferreri Saussure, 1853 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae). Rev Bras de Zoociências, 5: 89-100.

Spradbery, J.P. (1965). The social organization of wasp communities. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond., 14: 61-96.

Theraulaz, G., Pratte, M. & Gervet, J. (1990). Behavioural profiles in Polistes dominulus (Christ) wasp societies: a quantitative study. Behaviour, 113: 223-250.

Togni, O.C. (2014). Biologia e ecologia comportamental da vespa eussocial primitva Mischocyttarus (Megacanthopus) parallelogrammus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Rio Claro, UNESP.

Torres, V.O., Antonialli-Junior, W.F & Giannotti, E. (2009). Divisão de Trabalho em colônias da vespa social neotropical Polistes canadensis canadensis Linnaeus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Rev Bra Entomol, 53: 593-599.

Torres, V.O., Montagna, T.S., Raizer, J. & Antonialli-Junior, W.F. (2012). Division of labor in colonies of the eusocial wasp, Mischocyttarus consimilis. J Insect Sci,12: 1-15.

Turillazzi, S., Ugolini, A. (1979). Rubbing behaviour in some European Polistes (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Monitore zool. ital. (N.S.), 13: 129-142.

West-Eberhard, M.J. (1969). The social biology of Polistine wasps. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 140: 1-101.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v63i1.944

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JCR Impact Factor 2018: 0.604