Nest Association between Camponotus fallax (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Vespa crabro (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Central Iberian Peninsula


  • Carlos Mora-Rubio University of Extremadura
  • José Luis Pérez-Bote University of Extremadura
  • Jaime Muriel University of Extremadura



Camponotus fallax, ants, European hornet, Vespa crabro, nest association


Because social wasps often defend their nests by inflicting painful stings or bites, some animals associate with them looking for protection against potential predators. Some neotropical vespids are known to maintain associations with other insect and vertebrate taxa, such as birds and bats, however there are not previous records about associations between ants and hornets in Europe. In this study, we reported the first case of association between the arboreal ant Camponotus fallax and the European hornet Vespa crabro in Europe. The observations were made in Central Spain, where two colonies of C. fallax were found in two different avian nest-boxes inhabited by V. crabro when spotless starlings finished their breeding season. The reasons of this possible association are also discussed.


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Author Biographies

Carlos Mora-Rubio, University of Extremadura

Department of Zoology. Scholar.

José Luis Pérez-Bote, University of Extremadura

Department of Zoology. PhD Biology researcher.

Jaime Muriel, University of Extremadura

Department of Zoology. Postdoctoral researcher.


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How to Cite

Mora-Rubio, C., Pérez-Bote, J. L., & Muriel, J. (2019). Nest Association between Camponotus fallax (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Vespa crabro (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Central Iberian Peninsula. Sociobiology, 66(3), 523–526.



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