The Fumigating Activity of Litsea cubeba oil and Citral on Solenopsis invicta


  • Chun Xia Xiao South China Agricultural University
  • Yu Ting Tan South China Agricultural University
  • Fei Feng Wang South China Agricultural University
  • Qian Hua Wu South China Agricultural University
  • De Qiang Qin South China Agricultural University
  • Zhi Xiang Zhang South China Agricultural University



Solenopsis invicta, Litsea cubeba oil, citral, fumigating activity


This paper studied the fumigating activity of Litsea cubeba oil and citral on Solenopsis invicta, identified and analyzed the chemical constituents and volatile components of L. cubeba oil via solid-phase microextraction which were then identified via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results showed that citral and (z)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-diena were the main components of L. cubeba oil, as well as its volatile compounds. According to the experimental results, L. cubeba oil and citral had good fumigating activity on workers, and also had significant inhibition on the walking ability and climbing ability of workers. At the same time, the effects of the two agentia on the fumigating activity and behavioral inhibition of microergate were stronger than those of macroergate. After treating with L. cubeba oil and citral for 24 hours, the walking rate and grasping rate of microergate were both 0 %. The results showed that L. cubeba oil and citral had good control effect on S. invicta.


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