Nest Structure, Seasonality and Female Behavior of Epicharis (Anepicharis) dejeanii Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) in a Restinga Ecosystem, in Southern Brazil

Authors

  • Natalia Uemura Universidade Estadual de Londrina
  • André Luiz Gobatto Universidade Estadual de Londrina
  • Welber da Costa Pina Universidade Estadual de Londrina Universidade do Estado da Bahia
  • Rafael Hideki Ono Universidade Estadual de Londrina
  • Silvia Helena Sofia Universidade Estadual de Londrina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v68i1.5792

Keywords:

solitary bees, nest aggregation, bee behavior, nesting biology, Atlantic Forest

Abstract

We investigated the nesting behavior of females of Epicharis dejeanii and the architecture of their nests, in a large aggregation in a Restinga area, on Ilha do Superagui, southern Brazil. Surveys were carried out intermittently through the warm-wet seasons from different years between 2013 and 2017. The nest aggregation occupied an area of approximately 2,000 m2 and was situated on a sand bank and on flat sandy soil. Each nest consisted of a long unbranched tunnel, averaging 1.45 ± 0.35 m (N = 8), connected to a single brood cell with a mean length of 3.13 ± 0.2 cm (N = 13) and mean diameter of 1.2 ± 0.1 cm (N = 11). On average, females carried out 4.0 ± 2.4 foraging trips per day (N = 109) to collect floral resources for provisioning brood cells. Similar times were spent by females in their foraging trips for: only pollen (15.8 ± 14.3 min, N = 72), oil (22.5 ± 15.7 min, N = 45), or both resources (17.0 ± 15.1, N = 63).  Our findings reveal that some variation in both nesting architecture and female behavior of E. dejeanii during nesting activities can occur in different locations from the same region.

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Published

2021-03-03

How to Cite

Uemura, N., Gobatto, A. L., Pina, W. da C., Ono, R. H., & Sofia, S. H. (2021). Nest Structure, Seasonality and Female Behavior of Epicharis (Anepicharis) dejeanii Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) in a Restinga Ecosystem, in Southern Brazil. Sociobiology, 68(1), e5792. https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v68i1.5792

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Section

Research Article - Bees

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