Diversity and Species Composition of Ants in Urban and Suburban Environments in Bejaia City (Algeria)

Authors

  • Nadjet Laakel Laboratory of Applied Zoology and Ecophysiology, University of Bejaia, Algeria
  • Lyes Aissat Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, Department of Biological Sciences and Environment, University of Bejaia, Algeria
  • Leila Bounab Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, Department of Biological Sciences and Environment, University of Bejaia, Algeria
  • Cilia Yahiaoui Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, Department of Biological Sciences and Environment, University of Bejaia, Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v71i2.9698

Keywords:

diversity, NMDS, SIMPER, urban, suburban, Bejaia City

Abstract

We conducted an ant inventory in urban and suburban spaces in Bejaia city to deal with this need for more information about ant biodiversity in the Algerian urban environment. The two methods, hand collecting and pitfall traps, are carried out 24 days in three months (May, June, and July) of 2022. In the urban habitats, 2,653 ant individuals were collected, comprising ten species, six genera and three subfamilies. In the suburban habitats, 6,706 ant specimens were collected, comprising 19 species, 11 genera, and three subfamilies. The most abundant subfamilies in both urban and suburban habitats are Formicinae, followed by Myrmicinae and Dolichoderinae. The results showed that suburban habitats are more diversified (H’= 1.72) than urban habitats (H’= 1.25). The equitability values for suburban and urban habitats are moderate, with 0.58 and 0.54, respectively. The Jaccard similarity index value is 0.45, indicating an essential turnover of ant species between urban and suburban habitats. The ant community’s composition differed between sampled sites (NMDS, Stress = 0.013). The average dissimilarity (as per SIMPER) was 90.37%. Four species (T. simrothi, L. cf. grandis, P. cicatricosa, and L. myops) contributed to 70% of the differences between sites of urban and suburban habitats.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdel-Dayem, M.S., Sharaf, M.R., Majer, J.D., Al-Sadoon, M.K., Aldawood, A.S., Aldhafer, H.M. & Orabi, G.M. (2021). Ant diversity and composition patterns along the urbanization gradients in an arid city. Journal of Natural History, 55: 2521-2547.

Aissat, L. (2023). Diversity and Ant Community Composition in Some Algerian Islands. Ekológia (Bratislava), 42: 17-25.

Amarasekare, P. & Nisbet, R. M. (2001). Spatial heterogeneity, source-sink dynamics, and the local coexistence of competing species. The American Naturalist, 158: 572-584.

Barech, G. (2014). Contribution à la connaissance des fourmis du Nord de l`Algérie et de la steppe : Taxonomie, bio-écologie et comportement trophique (Cas de Messor medioruber). Doctoral Thesis, École Nationale Supérieure d`Agronomie, El Harrach, Algiers, Algérie.

Brooks, H. (2018). Changes in ant biodiversity across an urban gradient. Honors Thesis, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. https://scholar.utc.edu/honors-theses/143/”.

Brooks, H. B., Guzman-Hernandez, I. & Beasley, D. E. (2023). Ant biodiversity in a temperate urban environment. Bios, 93: 117-123.

Buczkowski, G. & Richmond, D.S. (2012). The effect of urbanization on ant abundance and diversity: a temporal examination of factors affecting biodiversity. PLoS ONE, 7: e41729.

Cagniant, H. (1970). Deuxième liste de fourmis d’Algérie récoltées principalement en forêt (Première partie), Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse, 105: 405-430.

Cagniant, H. (1973). Les peuplements de fourmis des forêts algériennes : Ecologie biocénotique et essai biologique. Thèse Doctorat ès-Sc., Toulouse, 464 p.

Cagniant, H. (1996). Les Aphaenogaster du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): clé et catalogue des espèces. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 32: 67-85.

Cagniant, H. (2009). Le genre Cataglyphis Foerster, 1850 au Maroc (Hyménoptères Formicidae). Orsis, 24: 041-71.

Cagniant, H. & Espadaler, X. (1997). Les Leptothorax, Epimyrma et Chalepoxenus du Maroc (Hymenoptera : Formicidae). Clé et catalogue des espèces. Annales Société Entomologique de France, 33: 259-284.

Carpintero, S. & Reyes-Lopez, J. (2014). Effect of park age, size, shape and isolation on ant assemblages in two cities of Southern Spain. Entomological Science, 17: 41-51.

Chao, A. & Shen, T.J. (2015). Program SPADE (Species Prediction and Diversity Estimation). 2010. Program and User’s Guide published at http://chao.stat.nthu.edu.tw.

Cherry, R. (2001). Interrelationship of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and southern chinch bugs (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) in Florida lawns. Journal of Entomological Science, 36: 411-415.

Dajoz, R., (1985). Précis d’Écologie. Ed. Bordas, Paris, 505 p.

Da Silva, T.F., Solis, D.R., de Carvalho Moretti, T., Da Silva, A.C. & El Din Mostafa Habib, M.E. (2009). House-infesting ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a municipality of Southeastern Brazil. Sociobiology, 54: 153-162.

Dehina, N. (2009). Systématique et essaimage de quelques espèces de fourmis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) dans deux régions de l’Algérois. Master thesis, Institut Agronomique El-Harrach, Alger.

Del Toro, I., Floyd, K., Gardea-Torresdey, J. & Borrok, D. (2010). Heavy metal distribution and bioaccumulation in Chihuahuan Desert Rough Harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex rugosus) populations. Environmental Pollution, 158: 1281-1287.

Délye, G. (1968). Recherches sur l’écologie, la physiologie et l’éthologie des fourmis du Sahara. Doctoral thesis, Université d’Aix Marseille, Marseille, France.

Djioua, O. & Sadoudi-Ali Ahmed, D. (2015). The stands of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in some forest and agricultural areas of Kabylia. International Journal of Zoological Research, 5: 15-26.

Espadaler, X. & López-Soria, L. (1991). Rareness of certain Mediterranean ant species: fact or artifact? Insectes Sociaux, 38: 365-377.

Garden, J., McAlpine, C., Peterson, A.N.N., Jones, D. & Possingham, H. (2006). Review of the ecology of Australian urban fauna: a focus on spatially explicit processes. Austral Ecology, 31: 126-148.

Hammer O., Harper, D.A.T. & Ryan, P.D. (2001). PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Paleontologia Electronica. 4: 1-9.

Ivanov, K. & Keiper, J. (2009). Effectiveness and biases of winkler litter extraction and pitfall trapping for collecting ground-dwelling ants in northern temperate forests. Environmental Entomology, 38: 1724-1736.

Munhae, C.B., Bueno, Z.A.F.N., Morini, M.S.C. & Silva, R.R. (2009). Composition of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in public squares in Southern Brazil. Sociobiology, 53: 455-472.

Nooten, S., Schultheiss, P., Rowe, R.C., Facey, S.L. & Cook, J.M. (2019). Habitat complexity affects functional traits and diversity of ant assemblages in urban green spaces (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News, 29: 67-77.

Pisarski, B. & Czechowski, W. (1978). Influence de la pression urbaine sur la myrmecofaune. Memorabilia Zoologica, 29: 109-128.

Reyes-Lopez, J. & Carpintero, S. (2014). Comparison of the exotic and native communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) urban green areas at inland, coastal and insular sites in Spain. European Journal of Entomology, 111: 421-428.

Rodrigues, A., Solis, D.R., Fox, E.G., Pagnocca, F.C. & Bueno, O.C. (2010). Preliminary list of microfungi found in Paratrechina longicornis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Florida Entomologist, 93: 651-653.

Saha, S., Das, T. & Raychaudhuri, D. (2018). Myrmecophilous association between ants and aphids-an overview. World News of Natural Sciences, 20: 17-25.

Sanford, M. P., Manley, P. N. & Murphy, D. D. (2009). Effects of urban development on ant communities: implications for ecosystem services and management. Conservation Biology, 23: 131-141.

Schifani, E., Alicata, A., Menchetti, M., Borowiec, L., Fisher, B.L., Karaman, C., Kiran, K., Oueslati, W., Salata, S. & Blatrix, R. (2022). Revisiting the morphological species groups of West-Palearctic Aphaenogaster ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) under a phylogenetic perspective: toward an evolutionary classification. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny, 80: 627-648.

Schifani, E. & Alicata, A. (2023). Nomenclatural changes on some Mediterranean Aphaenogaster Mayr, 1853 taxa (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 5277: 59-70.

Seifert, B. (1992). A taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic members of the ant subgenus Lasius s. str. (Hym., Formicidae).

Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz, 66: 1-67.

Seifert, B. (2016). Inconvenient hyperdiversity – the traditional concept of “Pheidole pallidula” includes four cryptic species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Soil Organisms, 88: 1-17.

Seifert, B., D’Eustacchio, D., Kaufmann, B.E., Centorame, M., Lorite, P. & Modica, V.M. (2017). Four species within the supercolonial ants of the Tapinoma nigerrimum complex revealed by integrative taxonomy (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News, 24: 123-144.

Seifert, B. (2020). Revision of the Plagiolepis schmitzii group with description of Pl. invadens sp. nov. A new invasive supercolonial species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 67: 183-196.

Sid-Ali, S., Djamila, S.A.A., Fatiha, M.A.A., Ouiza, O. & Said, S. (2021). Diversity of Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Two Forest Sites from Kabylia of Djurdjura, Northern Algeria. Sociobiology, 68: e6232.

Silverman, J. (2005). Why do certain ants thrive in the urban environment? In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Urban Pests, Perniagaan Ph’ng@ P&Y Design Network, Malaysia (pp. 29-31).

Ślipiński, P., Żmihorski, M. & Czechowski, W. (2012). Species diversity and nestedness of ant assemblages in an urban environment. European Journal of Entomology, 109: 197-106.

Toennisson, T.A. (2009). Suburban ant community structure with emphasis on Tapinoma sessile and T. sessile colony movement in the laboratory. Master’s Thesis, University of Tennessee. https://trace.tennessee.edu/utk_gradthes/5712”

Uno, S., Cotton, J. & Philpott, S.M. (2010). Diversity, abundance, and species composition of ants in urban green spaces. Urban Ecosystems, 13: 425-441.

Vepsäläinen, K., Ikonen, H. & Koivula, M.J. (2008). The structure of ant assemblages in an urban area of Helsinki, southern Finland. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 45: 109-127.

Yamaguchi, T. (2004). Influence of urbanization on ant distribution in parks of Tokyo and Chiba City, Japan I. Analysis of ant species richness. Ecological Research, 19: 209-216.

Downloads

Published

2024-05-09

How to Cite

Laakel, N., Aissat, L., Bounab, L., & Yahiaoui, C. (2024). Diversity and Species Composition of Ants in Urban and Suburban Environments in Bejaia City (Algeria). Sociobiology, 71(2), e9698. https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v71i2.9698

Issue

Section

Research Article - Ants