Evaluating Efficiency of Different Sampling Methods for Arboreal Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in A West African Forest-Savanna Mosaic

Authors

  • Christine-Vincent Dakele Yode University Felix Houphouet Boigny of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecology Station
  • Kanvaly Dosso Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
  • Lombart M Maurice Kouakou Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9266-8259
  • Yeo Kolo Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8522-8642
  • Wouter Dekoninck Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7065-7310
  • Souleymane Konate Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
  • Kouassi Philippe Kouassi Felix Houphouët Boigny University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v67i4.5558

Keywords:

Pitfall trap, “funnel” trap, Lamto reserve, biodiversity, habitat structure, tree canopy

Abstract

Ants constitute an important part of arboreal arthropod biomass in rainforests. Nevertheless, there are only a few methods which permit a rapid assessment of these insects in the canopy layer. This study aims at evaluating the efficiency of a new variant type of pitfall trap i.e. “the funnel trap”, to sample arboreal ants in a secondary and gallery forest in Lamto reserve (Côte d’Ivoire). This method was compared to standard arboreal pitfall trap and beating. In total, the 3 methods yielded 7072 ant workers belonging to 43 species, 14 genera and 5 subfamilies. Tree beating recorded the highest ant’s numerical abundance (3670 workers), with 27 species, 12 genera and 3 subfamilies followed by the “funnel trap” that yielded 2800 ant workers, with 23 species belonging to 12 genera and 5 subfamilies. Finally, arboreal pitfall traps caught the lowest individual with 602 ant workers from 20 species belonging to 9 genera and 3 subfamilies. The composition of species which are caught by arboreal pitfall trap and “funnel trap” was similar at 53 percent. Tree beating showed a distinct species composition compared to arboreal pitfall trap and “funnel trap”. The “funnel trap” could be a fast and efficient way to quickly assess ant-biodiversity in forest canopies and agroecosystems as it looks like a non-destructive sampling method.

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Author Biographies

Kanvaly Dosso, Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

UFR des Sciences de la Nature (UFR SN), Research Station in Ecology of Lamto scientific Reserve

Lombart M Maurice Kouakou, Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

UFR des Sciences de la Nature (UFR SN), Research Station in Ecology of Lamto scientific Reserve

Yeo Kolo, Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

UFR des Sciences de la Nature (UFR SN), Research Station in Ecology of Lamto scientific Reserve

Wouter Dekoninck, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

OD Taxonomy and Phylogeny

Souleymane Konate, Nangui Abrogoua University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

UFR des Sciences de la Nature (UFR SN), Research Station in Ecology of Lamto scientific Reserve

Kouassi Philippe Kouassi, Felix Houphouët Boigny University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

U F R Biosciences, Zoology-Biology of Animal Laboratory, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

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Published

2020-12-28

How to Cite

Yode, C.-V. D., Dosso, K., Kouakou, L. M. M., Kolo, Y., Dekoninck, W., Konate, S., & Kouassi, K. P. (2020). Evaluating Efficiency of Different Sampling Methods for Arboreal Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in A West African Forest-Savanna Mosaic. Sociobiology, 67(4), 492–500. https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v67i4.5558

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Research Article - Ants

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