Pheidole protaxi sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), new species from tabuleiro forests of the Atlantic Forest biome


  • Muriel Lima Oliveira
  • Cléa Santos Ferreira Mariano 
  • Marco Antonio Costa 
  • Jacques Hubert Charles Delabie 
  • Sébastien Lacau



Taxonomy, Pheidole protaxi sp. nov., “Tabuleiro” forests.


Hereafter a new species of Pheidole Westwood, 1839 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) is described from Southern Bahia in Brazil, after the morphology of its minor and major workers. This taxon is easily distinguished from any other congeneric species by a unique combination of characters.


Download data is not yet available.


Bolton, B. (1994). Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Harvard university press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 222p.

Bolton, B. (2014). An online catalog of the ants of the world. (accessed date: 6 June ,2015).

Eady, R. D. (1968). Some illustrations of microsculpture in the Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the royal entomological society of london, vol. 43, pp. 66–72.

Eguchi, K. (2008). A revision of north vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole. Zootaxa, 1902:1-118.

Gauld, I. & Bolton, B. (1988). The Hymenoptera. Oxford University Press, Oxford .12 + 322 pp.

Goulet, H. & Huber, J. T. (eds.) (1993). Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families. Research branch, Agriculture canada publication 1894/E. Ottawa: Canada Communications Group, vii + 668 pp.

Harris, R. A. (1979). A glossary of surface sculpturing. Occasional papers on systematic entomology, vol. 28, pp. 1–31.

IBGE (2012). Manual técnico da vegetação brasileira: sistema fitogeográfico, inventário das formações florestais e campestres, técnicas e manejo de coleções botânicas, procedimentos para mapeamentos. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, Rio de Janeiro, 2a Ed, IBGE 275p.

Keller R. A. (2011). A phylogenetic analysis of ant morphology (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with special reference to the poneromorph subfamilies. Bulletin of the american museum of natural history, 355: 1–90.

Kugler, C. (1994). A revision of the ant genus Rogeria with description of the sting apparatus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of hymenoptera research 3:17-89.

Longino, J. T. (2009). Additions to the taxonomy of new world Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2181:1-90.

Moreau, C. S. (2008). Unraveling the evolutionary history of the “hyperdiverse” ant genus Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular hylogenetics and evolution, 48, 224–239. Evol. (2008), doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.02.020

Naskrecki, P. (2008). Mantis v. 2.0 - A manager of taxonomic information and specimens. URL:

Richards, O. W. (1956). Hymenoptera – introduction and keys to families. Handbooks for the identification of british insects. London, Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond., 6:1-94.

Thomas W. W. (2003). Natural vegetation types in southern Bahia. In: Prado P.I., Landau E.C., Moura R.T., Pinto L.P.S., Fonseca G.A.B., Alger K. (orgs.). Corredor de Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica do Sul da Bahia. Publicação em CD-ROM, Ilhéus, IESB/CI/CABS/UFMG/UNICAMP.

Wilson, E. O. (2003). Pheidole in the New World: a dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard university press, Cambridge, 794 p.




How to Cite

Oliveira, M. L., Mariano , C. S. F., Costa , M. A., Delabie , J. H. C., & Lacau, S. (2015). Pheidole protaxi sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), new species from tabuleiro forests of the Atlantic Forest biome. Sociobiology, 62(4), 533–537.



Research Article - Ants

Most read articles by the same author(s)